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Present progressive tense
To be + present participle
In English The present progressive tense is used to say that something is happening now. You make it by using a form of to be with a verb that ends in –ing, called a present participle They are singing I am buying What are you eating?
In Spanish Use the present tense of the verb estar + the present participle to form the present progressive.
How do I form a present participle?
To make a present participle, 1. drop the end of the infinitive 2. add –ando for ar verbs or –iendo for er/ir verbs. comprar comprando Comer comiendo Vender vendiendo
For example I am selling the car Yo form of estar + present participle of vender Estoy vendiendo el coche. He is buying cookies. Él está comprando galletas.
With reflexive pronouns
Reflexive pronouns can be placed either before the conjugated form of estar or attached to the end of the present participle. I am getting ready Estoy arreglándome or Me estoy arreglando
Spelling changes When the stem of an er/ir verb ends in a vowel change the –iendo to –yendo Leer-leyendo Traer-trayendo Some –ir verbs change vowels in the stem of the present participle form Dormir-durmiendo Decir-diciendo
Fill in the correct present participle
Yo estoy _____________ (hablar) Nosotros estamos ______________(cantar) Él está ______________(comer) Ellos están _________( correr) Yo estoy ___________(escuchar)
Form the present progressive (estar + present participle)
I am getting up He is taking a shower We are getting ready The children are brushing their teeth
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