Presentation on theme: "Presidential Leadership Ch. 9. According to the United States Constitution, the president has the power to nominate his cabinet and federal judges. All."— Presentation transcript:
According to the United States Constitution, the president has the power to nominate his cabinet and federal judges. All of these nominations have to be approved by the Senate. Vetoing Bills-The President can reject a bill in two ways: In a veto the president refuses to sign a bill and returns it to the house of Congress in which it originated. The second, the president may kill a bill passed during the last 10 days Congress is in session simply by refusing to act on it. This veto is called a pocket veto. Because Congress is no longer in session, it cannot override the veto and the bill dies. Congressional override of a veto-Congress can override a presidents veto with a two-thirds vote in both houses. If Congress overrides the veto the bill becomes law. Presidential Powers
Mandate of the People-All Presidents like to claim that their ideas and policies represent a mandate from the people. A mandate- strong popular support. Executive orders-rules by the President that have the force of the law. Impoundment-Means the president can put aside, or refuses to spend, the money Congress has appropriated for a certain purpose. Reprieve-grants a postponement of legal punishment Pardon-is a release from legal punishment Amnesty-is a group pardon to people for an offense against the government.
Roles of the President The President of the U.S. wears several different hats simultaneously-six of them are spelled out in the Constitution Chief of StateChief of State Chief ExecutiveChief Executive Chief AdministratorChief Administrator Commander in Chief of the armed forcesCommander in Chief of the armed forces Chief DiplomatChief Diplomat Chief LegislatorChief Legislator Chief of Party (Political Party Leader)Chief of Party (Political Party Leader) Chief CitizenChief Citizen
Chief of State Performs ceremonial functions & serves as the personal symbol of the nation Throws out the first baseball of the season Lights the national Christmas tree Dedicates public buildings and parks Attends memorial and recognition of service functions. President Barack Obama reaches for a Purple Heart medal to present to a wounded soldier at Bagram Air Field in Afghanistan, Dec. 3, 2010.
Chief Executive Executes the laws of the country Broad power domestically and in foreign affairs Can appoint and remove high- ranking officials Can grant reprieves, pardons, and amnesty
Commander in Chief Leads the nations armed forces Can commit troops to war Can end fighting Can set up military governments in conquered territory
Chief Diplomat Directs U.S. foreign policy Negotiates all treaties Exercise power of recognition Receives foreign heads of government
Chief Legislator Recommends and approves legislation and informs Congress of the condition of the nation Proposes legislation Vetoes or signs legislation Calls special sessions of Congress Gives the State of the Union Address
Political Party Leader Heads his own political party Chooses VP Appoints party faithful Party fund-raisers Help elect party members
Economic Planner Submits an economic report to Congress Prepares a federal budget
Chief Legislator Those of us who manage the public's dollars will be held to accountto spend wisely, reform bad habits, and do our business in the light of daybecause only then can we restore the vital trust between a people and their government. – President Barack Obama 2011 State of the Union Address
President Bush lights the national Christmas tree Chief of State
Chief Legislator President Barack Obama signs the Iran Sanctions Bill imposing tough new sanctions against Iran as further punishment for the country's continuing ambitions to become a nuclear power, July 1, 2010, in the East Room of the White House in Washington
President Bush addresses members of the 101 st Airborne Division to tell them the direction of their next mission. Commander in Chief
Chief of State President Barack Obama arrives to deliver remarks at a Veterans Day rally at Yongsan Garrison in Seoul, Korea, Nov. 11, 2010.
Political Party Leader All of these Presidents have given speeches to help party members running for office. When they attend these fund-raising activities they are acting as their respective ______________.
Chief Diplomat President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama meet Queen Elizabeth II April 1, 2009, during their visit to Buckingham Palace. President Barack Obama and President Hu Jintao of China attend a meeting with business leaders in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building of the White House, Jan. 19, 2011.
Defense Secretary Robert Gates looks on as President Barack Obama makes remarks on veterans healthcare, Thursday, April 9, 2009, in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building on the White House campus in Washington. Chief Legislator Obama asks quick congressional OK of new war money
President Bush and members of the Baseball Hall of Fame Chief of State
Chief Diplomat President Barack Obama disembarks Air Force One as he arrives in Ankara, Turkey, Sunday, April 5, 2009. President Obama is reaching out to Turkey to help him wind down the Iraq war and bring stability to the Middle East. Obama (second right) at the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul during his bridge-building and sight-seeing trip to Turkey
U.S. President Barack Obama gives permission to enter the compound of Osama bin Laden Commander in Chief