2 Words to KnowExecutive Order: A rule of command that has the force of law.Pardon: A declaration of forgiveness and freedom from punishment.Reprieve: An order to delay a person’s punishment until a higher court can hear the case.Amnesty: A pardon to a group of people.
3 Constitutional Powers President: Most powerful public official in the U.S.Constitution gives the president his powerArticle II: “Executive power shall be invested in a President…”President’s main job is to execute, or carry out, the laws passed by Congress.President gives Congress info. about the “state of the union” several times per year:Most important “State of the Union” addressDiscuss most important issues facing nation and describes legislation he/she would like Congress to take up.
4 Constitutional Powers cont. Power given to president by Constitution:Veto bill passed by CongressCall Congress into special sessionCommander in Chief of Armed ForcesReceive leaders/officials from foreign countriesMake Treaties with other CountriesAppoint heads of executive agencies, federal court judges, ambassadors, and other top govt. officialsPardon
5 Roles of the President Chief Executive Chief Diplomat Commander in ChiefLegislative LeaderHead of StateEconomic LeaderParty Leader
6 Chief Executive Most important role of president: Carrying out laws passed by CongressPresident is in charge of 15 cabinet departmentsAnd about 3 million civilians who work for Fed. Govt.Important role for carrying out laws:Issuing executive ordersGrant pardonsIssue reprievesGrant amnesty
7 Chief Diplomat Directs foreign policy in U.S. Makes key decisions about how the U.S. acts towards other countries in the world
8 Commander in Chief In charge of nations armed forces Gives president the ability to back up foreign policy by using forceThe top commanders of the armed forces are subordinates of the presidentCongress and the President share power to make war:Constitution gives Congress the power to declare war; only president can order military into battleCongress has only declared war 15 times:President has sent troops into action 150 times since 1789
9 Legislative LeaderMost bills sent to Congress come from the Executive branchEvery president has a legislative programNew laws president wants Congress to passPresident makes speeches to build support for the program and tries to persuade senators and reps. To support themPresident and Congress often disagree:President represents entire countryCongress represents the people of their state/district
10 Head of State President is a living symbol of the U.S. President aids diplomacy by:Visiting kings and queensPrime ministersOther foreign leadersCarries out ceremonial functions for Americans:Lighting national Christmas treeGiving medals to country’s heroes
11 Economic Leader President tries to help country’s economy prosper Voters want president to deal with problems such as:UnemploymentRising pricesHigh taxesPresident plan federal government’s yearly budget
12 Party LeaderPresident is regarded as the leader of their political party:Members of the party work towards getting their members electedPresident in turn gives speeches to party members to help them get elected to officePresident helps party members raise money