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Implementing and Managing Microsoft® Hyper-V 2.0

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Presentation on theme: "Implementing and Managing Microsoft® Hyper-V 2.0"— Presentation transcript:

1 Implementing and Managing Microsoft® Hyper-V 2.0
Nicola Ferrini Level Advanced

2 Who Am I ? Trainer Technical Writer Systems Engineer
Server & Application Virtualization Technology Specialist Technet Speaker Microsoft System Center Influencer More on:

3 Agenda Evaluating and Planning for Virtualization
Configuring the Hyper-V Server Role Creating and Configuring Virtual Hard Disks and Virtual Machines Implementing High Availability for Server Virtualization Integrating VMM with Hyper-V Creating and Deploying Virtual Machines Using VMM 2008 R2 Managing Virtual Machines Using Virtual Machine Manager 2008 Configuring and Managing the VMM Library Configuring User Roles and the VMM Self-Service Portal

4 Virtualization Modes Profile Virtualization
Document redirection Offline files Management Presentation Virtualization Application Virtualization Desktop Virtualization

5 What Is Server Virtualization?
Server virtualization enables multiple virtual machines to run on one physical host Benefits: Server consolidation Service or application isolation Simplified server deployment and management Increased service and application availability Multiple operating systems can run on one consistent platform

6 What Is Hyper-V? Provided by OS ISV/IHV/OEM Microsoft Hyper-V
Microsoft / Citrix Parent Partition Child Partitions VM Worker Processes Applications Applications Applications Applications User Mode WMI Provider VM Services Windows Server 2008 Windows Server 2003, 2008 Non-Hypervisor Aware OS Supported Linux Distributions Windows Kernel VSP Kernel Mode Windows Kernel VSC IHV Drivers Linux VSC Emulation VMBus VMBus VMBus Windows hypervisor Ring -1 “Designed for Windows” Server Hardware

7 Features of Hyper-V in Windows Server 2008 R2
Improved VHD performance Live Migration Dynamic virtual machine storage Enhanced networking support Enhanced processor support Enhanced processor support Hyper-V in Windows Server 2008 R2 Cluster shared volumes

8 Requirements and Limits for Virtual Machines and Hyper-V
Host computer components Virtual machine components Component Description Logical processors 64 Virtual processors per logical processor 8 Virtual machines per server 384 running virtual machines Memory 1 TB Storage No limits imposed by Hyper-V Physical network adapters Component Description Virtual processors 4 Memory 64 GB Virtual IDE disks Virtual SCSI disks 256 Virtual hard disk capacity 2040 GB Snapshots 50 Virtual network adapters 12

9 Demonstration: How to manage Hyper-V
In this demonstration, you will see how to manage and configure Hyper-V using Hyper-V Manager

10 Using and Configuring iSCSI Storage
iSCSI Initiator iSCSI storage: Uses the existing IP network Is configured using the iSCSI initiator Should use a dedicated NIC Required for virtual machine failover clustering

11 Settings for Virtual Machines
Virtual Machine Settings

12 Exporting and Importing Virtual Machines in Hyper-V
Originating Computer Exported Virtual Machine Destination Computer Imported Virtual Machine

13 What Are Hyper-V Virtual Machine Snapshots?
Snapshot files: Virtual machine configuration .XML file Are a point-in-time copy of a virtual machine Do not affect the running state of a virtual machine Save state files Differencing disk (.AVHD)

14 Demonstration: Using Snapshots in Hyper-V R2
In this demonstration, you will learn how to: Take and manage a virtual machine snapshot Create a snapshot Revert to a previous snapshot Merge snapshots

15 Planning Hyper-V Hosts
When planning Hyper-V hosts: Simplify and standardize the host platform Consider using the Server Core installation option Automate and standardize administration of the virtual server environment by: Standardizing the host and virtual server configuration Implementing remote management solutions at the host server level Implementing VMM

16 Guidelines for Designing Virtual Machines
Simplify and standardize the host platform Plan virtual machines for specific server roles by: Monitoring the servers before virtualization Configuring each virtual machine with a hardware configuration that is similar to the hardware required on a physical server Deploy Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2–based virtual machines whenever possible Consider other options for ensuring physical server utilization

17 Designing Virtual Machines for SQL Server
Guidelines: Ensure that the Hyper-V integration components are installed Plan virtual machine hardware settings to match physical server hardware Use fixed-size disks and SCSI controllers for database and log file drives To ensure adequate CPU capacity: Remember virtual machines are limited to four processors Do not over-commit CPU resources Remember networking-intensive workloads require more CPU capacity

18 Designing Virtual Machines for Exchange Server
When designing virtual machines for Exchange Server: Use standard server sizing rules Configure appropriate storage Do not use virtual machine snapshots Configure adequate CPU resources Consider how to use Hyper-V and native Exchange Server high availability Consider I/O requirements

19 Designing Virtual Machines for SharePoint
When designing virtual machines for SharePoint: Configure virtual machine hardware like physical server hardware Do not take snapshots of virtual servers Avoid over-committing the virtual CPUs Consider deploying all of the servers in a server farm on a single physical server Assign adequate memory Use only Internet Protocol Version 4 (IPv4) Choose the right storage implementation for the SharePoint server role

20 What Is a Failover Cluster?

21 Failover Cluster Functionality in Windows Server 2008 R2
Clustered Shared Volumes Live migration Processor compatibility mode Windows PowerShell cmdlets for failover clusters Additional tests in cluster validation

22 Configuration Options for a Failover Cluster Quorum
Quorum Modec Description Node Majority Only nodes in the cluster have a vote Quorum is maintained when more than half of the nodes are online Node and Disk Majority The nodes in the cluster and a disk witness have a vote Quorum is maintained when more than half of the votes are online Node and File Share Majority The nodes in the cluster and a file share witness have a vote No Majority: Disk Only Only the quorum-shared disk has a vote Quorum is maintained when the shared disk is online

23 How Does a Failover Cluster Work with Hyper-V Nodes?
Shared Bus or iSCSI Connection A dedicated network connects the failover cluster nodes

24 Planning a Failover Clustering Strategy for Hyper-V
1 Identify the applications that require high availability Identify the application components that must be highly available 2 3 Identify the application characteristics 4 Identify the total capacity requirements 5 Create the Hyper-V design

25 Best Practices for Failover Clusters Running Hyper-V
Use Windows Server 2008 R2 as the Hyper-V host Plan for failover scenarios Plan the network design for failover clustering Plan the shared storage for failover clustering Use the recommended failover cluster quorum mode Deploy standardized Hyper-V hosts Develop standard management practices

26 Implementing Hyper-V and Failover Clustering
Install and configure Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 1 2 Configure shared storage 3 Install the Hyper-V and Failover Clustering features 4 Validate the cluster configuration 5 Create the cluster 6 Create a virtual machine on one of the cluster nodes 7 Make the virtual machine highly available

27 Demonstration: Implementing Failover Clustering for Hyper-V
In this demonstration, you will see how to implement failover clustering for Hyper-V

28 Configuring Clustered Shared Volumes
CSV benefits: Fewer LUNs required Better use of disk space Virtual machine files are in a single logical location No special hardware required Increased resiliency To implement CSV: 1 Create and format volumes on shared storage 2 Add the disks to failover cluster storage 3 Add the storage to the CSV

29 What Is Live Migration?

30 Considerations for Implementing Live Migration
Verify basic requirements Configure a dedicated network adapter for the private virtual network Use similar host hardware Verify network configuration Manage Live Migrations

31 Demonstration: Implementing Live Migration
In this demonstration, you will see how to implement Live Migration

32 What Is VMM 2008 R2? VMM 2008 R2 provides centralized administration and management of your virtual environment VMM is used to: Manage Hyper-V hosts Manage virtual server hosts Manage VMware hosts Manage and deploy virtual machines Perform physical-to-virtual (P2V) and virtual-to-virtual (V2V) conversions

33 Infrastructure Components of VMM 2008 R2
VMM Administrator Console VMM Server VMM Database VMM Library Hosts Host groups VMM Self-Service Portal

34 What’s New in VMM 2008 R2? What’s new:
Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V Host Management Enhanced Support for SAN Transfers Enhanced Support for Shared Storage Quick Storage Migration Maintenance Mode for Hosts Support for VMware Port Groups for Virtual Switches Support for Virtual Machine Permissions Assigned in Hyper-V

35 Demonstration: Managing SCVMM 2008 R2
In this demonstration, you will learn how to manage SCVMM 2008 R2

36 What Is Windows PowerShell?
Windows PowerShell is: A scripting and command-line technology Directly accessible through a command shell, msh.exe Used by GUI tools Windows PowerShell features include: Cmdlets Aliases Variables Pipelining Scripting support Access to cmd.exe commands Signed scripts

37 Using Windows PowerShell to Manage VMM
The VMM command shell includes the standard PowerShell cmdlets, as well as a set of cmdlets specifically for VMM, such as: Get-VMCheckPoint Get-VMCheckpoint -MostRecent –vm "VM01" | Restore-VMCheckpoint Get-Help Get-VMMServer

38 Types of Hosts That VMM 2008 R2 Supports
Windows Server based host in trusted domain Windows Server based host in non-trusted domain Windows Server based host in perimeter ESX based host Supported Virtualization platforms: Virtual Server 2005 R2 Hyper-V VMware ESX Server 3.0 or above VMware ESX Server 3.5i VMware VirtualCenter (VC) 2.5 (VMware Infrastructure 3 [VI3]) VMware vSphere 4 (VI3 features only)

39 Demonstration: Adding Hosts to SCVMM
In this demonstration, you will learn how to add hosts to SCVMM 2008 R2

40 Supported Guest Operating System Platforms for Virtual Machines
Server operating systems that the child partition supports: Windows 2000 Server SP4 Windows Server 2003 SP2 (x86 Edition or x64 Edition) Windows Server 2003 R2 SP2 (x86 Edition or x64 Edition) Windows Server 2008 (x86 Edition or x64 Edition) Windows Server 2008 R2 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 with SP2 (x86 Edition or x64 Edition) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 with SP1 (x86 Edition or x64 Edition) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 (x86 Edition or x64 Edition) Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 5.2 and 5.3 (x86 Edition or x64 Edition) (Emulated devices only) Client operating systems supported in child partition: Windows XP SP3 (x86 Edition or x64 Edition) Windows Vista SP1 (x86 Edition or x64 Edition) Windows 7 (x86 Edition or x64 Edition) Integration Services improves integration between the physical computer and the virtual machine

41 Sources for Deploying New Virtual Machines

42 What Is Host Rating? Represents suitability of the physical machine to the host virtual machine Host rating: Depends on: CPU usage Memory usage Disk I/O Network usage Is a recommendation, not a mandatory condition Calculation metric can be changed

43 What Is Virtual Machine Placement?
Evaluation and selection of the most suitable host for the virtual machine Types: Automatic placement Intelligent placement Considerations: Default path must be configured Host compatibility must be checked

44 Demonstration: Creating and Placing a New Virtual Machine Using VMM 2008 R2
In this demonstration, you will learn how to use VMM to create a new virtual machine, place it on the host, and store it in a library

45 Demonstration: Deploying a New Virtual Machine from the VMM Library
In this demonstration, you will learn how to deploy a virtual machine from the VMM library

46 What Is P2V Conversion? Converts an operating system that is running on physical hardware to an operating system running inside a virtual machine Considerations: VHDs are made from disk images from source computer New virtual machine has the same computer identity as the physical computer

47 Requirements for the Source and Destination Computers in the P2V Process
Requirements for the source computer: Requirements for the destination computer: RAM size Volume size ACPI BIOS Cannot be in perimeter Virtualization platform RAM size Cannot be in perimeter Considerations for the operating system: NT 4.0 is not supported Itanium versions are not supported Windows Server 2003 Sp1 is not supported

48 Online and Offline P2V Conversions
Online conversion uses VSS to convert the physical server to a virtual machine while the operating system and applications are running on the physical server Offline conversion uses Windows PE to convert the physical server to a virtual machine while the operating system and applications are not running on the source server

49 Usage Scenarios for P2V Conversion
Consolidating servers Decommissioning of old hardware Simplifying support for old operating systems Prioritizing Virtualization Candidates: Underutilized computers that are not business critical Computers with low utilization Computers with higher utilization The remaining underutilized computers

50 What Is V2V conversion? Converts existing VMware virtual machines to virtual machines running on Hyper-V Converting VMware-based virtual machines: From ESX host, Library or File Share Original VM is unaffected .vmdk files are used as source to build .vhd

51 V2V Conversion Requirements
Operating system in virtual machine Virtual machine files .vmx .vmdk Requirements for the destination host server: Windows Server bit with Hyper-V Cannot be in perimeter network At least 256MB RAM and memory for virtual machine

52 Methods and Considerations for the V2V process
Conversion directly from an ESX Server host Conversion from the VMM library Conversion from a Windows or NFS share

53 Demonstration: Performing a V2V Conversion
In this demonstration, you will learn how to convert a VMware virtual machine, from the VMM library, by using a V2V conversion

54 Migrating Virtual Machines Between Hosts
When migrating, be aware that: Migration is supported only between compatible platforms During migration, virtual machine files are moved to the new host The virtual machine remains online during migration You can move virtual machines by LAN or SAN transfer only You can use Quick Storage Migration to move the virtual machine storage between storage systems while the virtual machine is running

55 Methods for Performing Virtual Machine Migration Between Hosts
Use the Migrate action Use the Migrate Storage action Drag and drop the virtual machine onto a host Drag and drop the virtual machine onto a host group

56 Considerations for Virtual Machine Migration
SAN storage issues Permission issues Migration of virtual machines with checkpoints Status of the ESX Server host

57 Demonstration: Performing Virtual Machine Migration Using Quick Storage Migration (QSM)
In this demonstration, you will learn how to migrate a virtual machine between storage locations

58 What Is Virtual Machine Cloning?
Creates new virtual machines based on existing machines, and creates backups of existing virtual machines Considerations: You must stop virtual machines before cloning them During cloning, the operating system is not generalized

59 Considerations for Virtual Machine Cloning
You cannot make changes to a cloned operating system You can clone a virtual machine from the library VMM assigns a different machine name to a cloned virtual machine if you deploy it on the same host as the original

60 Actions for Operating and Managing Virtual Machines
Description Start Starts a virtual machine that is stopped, paused, or in a saved state Stop Stops a virtual machine, and does not save any state information Pause Suspends execution of a virtual machine, and keeps all virtual machine state in memory Save state Suspends execution of a virtual machine, and saves the current virtual machine state to disk to release memory and CPU resources for other virtual machines Discard Saved state Discards the state that was saved for a virtual machine that is in a saved state, and turns off the virtual machine Shut down Shuts down the guest operating system on the virtual machine Connect to virtual machine Connects to a virtual machine by using Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP)

61 Deploying, Migrating, and Storing Virtual Machines
Action Description New virtual machine Starts a wizard for creating new virtual machine Clone Clone existing virtual machine Deploy Removes virtual machine from VMM Library and place it on a host Migrate Migrate virtual machine between hosts Migrate Storage Migrate storage location of virtual machine Store in Library Stores virtual machine in VMM Library for later deployment Delete Delete virtual machine from VMM Admin Console and delete all virtual machine files

62 Managing Virtual Machine Configurations and Disks
Management options: Convert to fixed type of virtual hard disk Compact virtual hard disk Expand virtual hard disk Use and existing virtual hard disk Create a new virtual hard disk Pass-through to physical drive on host Repair Disable undo disks Install virtual guest services View networking Disable Virtual Hard Disk Configuration

63 What Is Virtual Machine Checkpoint?
By creating checkpoints for a virtual machine, you can restore the virtual machine to a previous state Checkpoints: Are created in the VMM Administration Console Can be created while the virtual machine is running Are portable Are the same as Hyper-V snapshots Virtual Machine Management

64 Considerations for Using VMM Checkpoints
Before restoring to a checkpoint state, you should perform a backup Checkpoints: Affect virtual machine performance Are not a replacement for backup Are stored with the virtual machine on a host

65 Demonstration: Creating and Managing Checkpoints
In this demonstration, your instructor will show you how to create and manage virtual machine checkpoint

66 What Is the VMM Library? VMM Library is:
A catalog of resources that you can use to create and configure virtual machines in VMM VMM Library: Is hosted on a VMM Library Server Can have one or more library shares Content in a library share can be organized by creating subfolders Content is refreshed (indexed) once per hour by default

67 VMM Library Resources File-based resources: Virtual hard disks
Virtual floppy disks ISO files Windows PowerShell (ps1) scripts Answer files (inf, xml) Virtual machine templates Hardware profiles Guest operating system profiles Virtual machines that are not in use VMware virtual machines

68 What Are the Library Server and Library Group?
A library server is: A central repository of resources that you can use to create virtual machines A library server: Is configured as a default library server Used to add additional library servers Used to align library servers to host groups by using library groups

69 What Is a Hardware Profile?
A hardware profile is: A library resource containing hardware specifications that can be applied to a new virtual machine or a virtual machine template Hardware profiles: Ensure consistent hardware configurations Can manage hardware profiles are managed in library view Can create a profile from scratch, from a template, or a hardware configuration of a virtual machine

70 Hardware Profiles Settings
BIOS Startup order: Processor Memory Floppy drive COM1 and COM2 IDE devices Network adapter Priority Availability

71 What Is the Guest Operating System Profile?
A guest operating system profile is: A collection of operating system settings that can be imported into a virtual machine template Guest operating system profiles: Are database objects Are used in process of creation of new virtual machine Can be changed later Are not associated to virtual machines created based on it

72 Guest Operating System Profile Settings
Identity information - Computer name Admin Password Product Key Time zone Operating system Domain/Workgroup Answer file [GUIRunOnce] Commands

73 Demonstration: Creating Hardware and Guest Operating System Profiles
In this demonstration, your instructor will show you how to create hardware profile and guest operating system profiles

74 What Is the Virtual Machine Template?
Virtual machine templates are: A standardized group of hardware and software settings that you can use for new virtual machines Two types of virtual machine templates: Customized templates Non-customized templates Virtual machine template components: Hardware profile Virtual hard disk Guest operating system profile (optional)

75 Virtual Machine Template Settings
General settings Hardware Configuration Operating system Configuration Custom Properties Quota Points

76 Demonstration: Creating and Modifying the Virtual Machine Template
In this demonstration, your instructor will show you how to create and modify the virtual machine template

77 Role Types Administrators: Delegated Administrators:
Full access to all actions Full access to all objects Can use the Admin console or PowerShell interface Delegated Administrators: Full access to most actions Scope can be limited by host groups and Library servers Can use the Admin console or PowerShell interface Self-Service users Limited access to a subset of actions Scope can be limited by host groups and Library share Can use the Self-Service Portal or PowerShell interface

78 Creating a User Role in VMM 2008 R2
Select the user role profile Wizard configuration options

79 Demonstration: Creating A User Role
In this demonstration, you will see how to: Add new members to the administrator profile Create a delegated administrator profile, and delegate specific host groups and libraries to that profile

80 Implementing VMM Self-Service Portal
To implement the VMM Self-Service Portal: Install the VMM Self-Service Portal Create or configure host groups Add default virtual machine paths Create a self-service user role Assign self-service user accounts or groups as virtual machine owners Create virtual machine templates (optional)

81 Requirements for the VMM Self-Service Portal
Hardware requirements Recommendations Up to 10 concurrent connections Enables monitoring and managing the hardware and software in a distributed environment More than 10 concurrent connections Enables automated installation and configuration of software and operating system updates Operating system Requirements Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2003 R2 Web Server Windows Powershell .NET Framework 2.0 Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2 Web Server server role with selected role services

82 Demonstration: Configuring User Access to the Self-Service Portal
In this demonstration, you will see how to use the VMM Self-Service Portal

83 Module x: Title Thank you! Course xxxxy

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