2 VMware vSphere: What’s New You Are HereVMware vSphere: What’s NewCourse IntroductionIntroducing vSphere 5.0Virtual Machine ManagementNetwork ManagementStorage ManagementScalabilityHigh AvailabilityNew Alternatives for Deploying vSphere
3 ImportanceTo implement and effectively use VMware vSphere® 5.0, you must understand its new components, new features, and key enhancements.
4 Learner ObjectivesAfter this module, you should be able to do the following:Discuss key enhancements to the vSphere components:VMware ESXi™VMware vCenter Server™VMware vSphere® Update ManagerDiscuss the enhancements made to:ESXi interactive installationESXi scripted installationUpgrade vCenter Server to version 5.0.Upgrade Update Manager to version 5.0.Install VMware vSphere® Client™ 5.0.Upgrade VMware ESX® 4.1 to ESXi 5.0.
5 What’s New in vSphere 5.0?vSphere 5.0 is the first release to offer only the ESXi hypervisor architecture.vSphere 5.0 does not include ESX.The service console no longer exists.VMware vSphere® Command- Line Interface and VMware vSphere® PowerCLI are available for command-line administration.vCenter Server 5.0 can still manage ESX hosts (3.5 and 4.x).The upgrade process upgrades ESX/ESXi 4.x to ESXi 5.0.vCenter Server 5.0
6 New ESXi Hardware Maximums 2048 vCPUs 512 VMsNew for ESXi 5.0:2TB host memoryUp to 160 logical CPUs512 virtual machines per host2,048 virtual CPUs per host160 LCPUs2TB
7 New ESXi RequirementsA new requirement for installing or upgrading to ESXi 5.0:For RAM, a minimum of 2098MB is required.New installation and boot device options:USB devicesDisks larger than 2TBSee the VMware Compatibility Guide at
8 Changes to the ESXi Interactive Installation Process vSphere 5.0 introduces the following changes to the ESXi interactive installation process:A graphical installer is no longer available.The installer can be used for new installations or upgrades.New installations use the GUID Partition Table instead of the Master Boot Record partition format.New installations create a 4GB scratch partition.
9 Enhancements to the ESXi Scripted Installation Process vSphere 5.0 introduces the following enhancements to the ESXi scripted installation:Adding the location of the installation media in the installation script is no longer required.The installation image is loaded directly into the host RAM when the host boots.The table describes command changes to scripted installations.Command changesCommandsCommands that have been deprecatedautopart, esxlocation, serialnum, vmserialnumCommands no longer supportedauth/authconfig, bootloader, firewall, firewallport, timezone, virtualdisk, zerombr, %packages
10 Performing an ESXi Scripted Installation When the ESXi installer screen appears, press Shift+O to edit boot options.Type ks=<location_of_installation_script> <boot_command-line_options>.Example:ks=nfs:// /FS2/isos/esxi-B.cfg nameserver= ip= netmask= gateway=
11 New vCenter Server Requirements ComponentRequirementvCenter Server 5.0HardwareMemory4GB minimumDisk storageSoftwareDefault databaseMicrosoft SQL Server 2008 R2 ExpressOperating systemsWindows Server 2003 and 2003 R2; Windows Server 2008 and 2008 R2Database operator (DBO) rightsNo longer required for installation or upgradeThe requirements are specific to a vCenter Server system.vSphere 5.0 introduces an alternative to the vCenter Server system: VMware vCenter Server Appliance.The vCenter Server Appliance has its own set of requirements.The vCenter Server Appliance is discussed in module 8, “New Alternatives for Deploying VMware vSphere.”
13 Overview of the Upgrade Process To upgrade vCenter Server, vSphere Client, Update Manager, and ESX/ESXi hosts:Verify requirements.Back up.Upgrade to vCenter Server 5.0.Upgrade to Update Manager 5.0.Install vSphere Client 5.0 and install the Update Manager plug-in.Use Update Manager to upgrade to ESXi 5.0.Upgrade VMFS-3 datastores. (Discussed in module 5, “Storage Management”)Upgrade virtual machine hardware and VMware Tools. (Discussed in module 3, “Virtual Machine Management”)
14 Performing a vCenter Server In-Place Upgrade To upgrade a 64-bit system, perform an in-place upgrade.An in-place upgrade:Requires downtime of vCenter ServerDoes not require that you power off hosts or virtual machinesWhile the upgrade is in progress,VMware vSphere® Distributed Resource Scheduler stops working but VMware vSphere® High Availability continues to work.vCenter Server 4.1
15 Upgrading to vCenter Server on a Different Machine To upgrade a 32-bit system to vCenter Server 5.0 (64-bit), migrate the vCenter Server database and configuration to a 64-bit machine (physical or virtual).Back up the vCenter Server database.Move the database to the new machine, if the database is local.Back up vCenter Server configuration settings.Use the data migration tool.Create a 64-bit data source name (DSN) that points to the database (for nonbundled databases.)On the new 64-bit machine, install vCenter Server, and restore the vCenter Server database and configuration settings.
16 Using the Data Migration Tool The data migration tool is used to back up the following:vCenter Server configuration settings:Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) dataPort settings (for example, HTTP, HTTPS, Web services)SSL certificatesLicensesvCenter Server database, local SQL Server Express database onlyThe data migration tool can also be used to install vCenter Server and restore data.The data migration tool is on the vCenter installation media.
17 Upgrading Update Manager Update Manager 5.0 has the following enhancements:Remediation of multiple servers simultaneouslyScheduling of reboot after a VMware® Tools/virtual hardware upgradeESX to ESXi migrationGuest operating system patching is no longer available.To upgrade Update Manager, use the vCenter Installer.After upgrading Update Manager:Install vSphere Client 5.0.Install the Update Manager plug-in.
18 Migrating ESX and Upgrading ESXi Two main scenarios:Migrate an ESX host to ESXi 5.0.Upgrade an ESXi host to ESXi 5.0.Most standard configurations are preserved, but not all, such as:Information that is not applicable to ESXi:/etc/sysconfig/mouse or /etc/sudoersCustom configuration files:Scripts added to /etc/rc.dMost third-party software is not preserved:Supported components are Cisco Nexus 1000v and EMC PowerPath.All other components must be replaced after the host is upgraded.
19 Configuration Files Preserved During the Migration/Upgrade Partial list of configuration files and whether they are migrated during the upgradeSee vSphere Upgrade Guide for the complete list.Configuration filesAction/etc/vmware/esx.confMigrated/etc/ntp.conf, ntp.drift, ntp.keys/etc/krb.*, /etc/krb5.*/etc/hosts, /etc/resolv.conf/etc/pam.d/*/etc/vmware/vmkiscsid/*/etc/passwd, /etc/shadowPartially migrated; root and vpxuser accounts/etc/yp.confNot migrated; NIS not supported in ESXi/etc/syslog.confMigrated for ESXi, not migrated for ESX
20 Configuration Settings Affected by the Migration/Upgrade Firewall configuration:Rule set files and customized firewall rules are not preserved.Resource pool settings:Settings might be insufficient to start all virtual machines.Networking changes:If migrating ESX:Service console network interface cards (NICs) are converted to VMkernel NICs.The service console port group is removed.Partitioning changes:The ESXi 5.0 partition scheme differs from ESX and earlier ESXi versions.For more details, see vSphere 5.0 Upgrade Guide.
21 Migration/Upgrade Methods ESX 3.5*ESX/ ESXi 4.xUse caseUse Update Manager.XFor sites that already use vCenter Server and Update ManagerInteractively use the ESXi installer.For a small number of hostsPerform a scripted migration/upgrade.For an efficient way to deploy multiple hostsPerform a new installation.For upgrading ESX 3.5 hosts or for use in your own custom upgrade plan* ESX/ESXi 3.5 hosts can be upgraded to version 4.x first and then upgraded to ESXi 5.0.After you upgrade or migrate to ESXi 5.0, you cannot roll it back to the previous version.
22 Using Update Manager to Migrate/Upgrade to ESXi 5.0 With Update Manager 5.0, you can migrate an ESX host to ESXi 5.0.An ESX limitation:The /boot partition must be greater than 350MB. If it is not, use an interactive or scripted upgrade, instead.To use Update Manager to upgrade an ESX/ESXi host to ESXi 5.0:Import the ESXi 5.0 image.Create the ESXi 5.0 upgrade baseline.Attach the baseline to the host.Remediate the host.Use Image Builder to create a custom ESXi 5.0 ISO image, containing third-party agents and device drivers.Image Builder is discussed in module 8, “New Alternatives for Deploying VMware vSphere.”
23 Interactive and Scripted Migration/Upgrade Use the interactive ESXi installer to migrate ESX or upgrade ESXi.The following changes have been made to the interactive ESXi installer:No graphical installerSingle installer wizard for new installations and upgradesThe scripted upgrade is similar to performing a scripted installation in ESX and ESXi.The default upgrade script is ks.cfg.
24 Managing ESXi Through the DCUI and esxcli Commands With ESXi 5.0, the following changes have been made to the direct console user interface (DCUI) and the esxcli commands.The DCUI can be accessed remotely, using an SSH session.The esxcli command set has been revised and expanded.The local and remote versions of esxcli are now identical.
25 Lab 1In this lab, you will upgrade vSphere 4.1 components to vSphere 5.0.View vCenter Server, ESX host, and virtual machine versions in the inventory.Upgrade vCenter Server 4.1 to version 5.0.Upgrade Update Manager 4.1 to version 5.0.Install vSphere Client 5.0 and the Update Manager plug-in.Import an ESXi 5.0 image to Update Manager.Create an upgrade baseline for ESXi 5.0.Upgrade an ESX 4.1 host to ESXi 5.0.
26 Review of Learner Objectives You should be able to do the following:Discuss key enhancements to the vSphere components:ESXivCenter ServerUpdate ManagerDiscuss the enhancements made to:ESXi interactive installationESXi scripted installationUpgrade vCenter Server to version 5.0.Upgrade Update Manager to version 5.0.Install vSphere Client 5.0.Upgrade ESX 4.1 to ESXi 5.0.
27 Key PointsvSphere 5.0 is the first release to offer only the ESXi hypervisor architecture.When migrating from ESX/ESXi 4.x to ESXi 5.0, the upgrade process preserves as much of the host’s configuration as possible.VMware recommends that you use Update Manager to upgrade your ESX/ESXi hosts.Questions?