Verbos, sujetos, y pronombres de sujetos
Identificación ID the verbs, subjects, and subject pronouns in the colors below. The first one has been done for you. verbos (verbs) = verde sujetos (subjects) = azul pronombres de sujetos (subject pronouns) = morado Lisa es estudiante. Emilio es de los Estados Unidos. Ella está contenta. Mi profesor está triste. ¿De dónde eres tú? Él es mi mejor amigo.
¿Qué es un verbo? What is a verb?
Action word Dance, surf, write, speak, yell, eat, etc. State of being Am, is, are, etc. Double check the words you chose as verbs in the first six sentences. What kind of verbs are they?
¿Qué es un sujeto? What is a subject?
The person or thing that is being described or doing an action in a sentence. Subjects can be nouns or pronouns. Examples of subjects that are nouns Examples of subjects that are pronouns The cat is furry. It is furry. José dances weird. He dances weird. My friends are funny. They are funny. María studies Spanish. She studies Spanish.
Pronombres de sujeto Subject Pronouns
Subject pronouns REPLACE nouns. Example: Using he instead of Joe. Joe dances the robot. He dances the robot. My friends beat box. They beat box.
You have completed Parte I!
You have a decision to make! If you are comfortable with the previous information you can continue this PowerPoint and take notes on subject pronouns. If you’d like a note-taking break, complete the first few levels that practice identifying parts of speech in sentences.
Parte II Pronombres de sujeto (subject pronouns)
Before moving on, write down all seven English subject pronouns.
English Subject Pronouns
How many did you get on your own? Singular Plural I We You You guys He They She
English Subject Pronouns
How would you reword the following sentences using subject pronouns? My friends are soooooo smart. Julie plays basketball. The (male) student speaks Spanish. They are sooooo smart. She plays basketball. He speaks Spanish. STOP! THINK! What Spanish subject pronouns do you know?
Pronombres de sujeto en español
Singular Plural Yo (I) Nosotros (we) Nosotras Tú (you) Usted Ustedes (you guys) Él (he) Ellos (they) Ella (she) Ellas (they) HUH? Why are there more subject pronouns in Spanish than in English?
tú y usted (both mean you) The following are examples of when you should use tú and usted. Look for patterns. When speaking to your teacher, use usted. When speaking to your friend, use tú. When speaking to anyone in seventh grade, use tú. When speaking to your boss, use usted. When speaking to your classmates, use tú. When speaking to your friend’s grandpa, use usted.
Well??? What patterns did you notice? With whom should you use tú?
With whom should you use usted? Make your predictions in your notes before moving on.
Tú vs Usted (both mean you) Pronombres de sujeto en español
Tú is informal Used to talk to friends, close relatives, peers, people younger than yourself ¿Cómo estás tú? = How are you? Usted is formal Used to talk to elders, teachers, bosses, someone you should show more respect ¿Cómo está usted? = How are you?
Practicamos tú y usted Decide if you would use tú or usted when speaking to the following people.
BHS principal, Dr. LeBron Your best friend Your classmate señora Morrison Your math teacher A 14 year old named Joe tú tú usted usted tú
Nosotros vs Nosotras (we) Ellos vs Ellas (they)
Nosotros and ellos both have feminine forms. Nosotros (we) and ellos (they) are used for groups that are co-ed or only males. Nosotras (we) and ellas (they) are used for groups made up of all females.
Practicamos nosotros/nosotras (we)
We are going to the mall. The group we includes Rachel, Sara, Mary, and myself (a female). Would you use nosotros or nosotras? The Spanish translation would be: Nosotras vamos al centro comercial. The group we includes Rachel, Sara, Mary, and myself (a male). The Spanish translation would be: Nosotros vamos al centro comercial.
Practicamos ellos/ellas (they)
They are happy. The group they refers to Rachel and Sara. Would you use ellos or ellas? The Spanish translation would be: Ellas están contentas. The group they refers to George and Julio. The Spanish translation would be: Ellos están contentas.
¡Fin! Memorize the subject pronouns in Spanish.
Review these notes as necessary. Good luck on the next activities! See señora Morrison with questions.
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