2 Subjects and VerbsThe subject of a sentence tells us who is doing the action.The verb tells us what action is taking place in the sentence.
3 Subject Pronouns Subject pronouns are used to discuss people. A subject pronoun tells who is the subject of the sentence.Subject pronouns can replace names when talking.
4 These are the Subject Prounouns in Spanish Yo- ITú- You FamiliarUsted- You FormalÉl- HeElla- SheOne Specific name- JuanNosotros- WeNosotras- We (girls)Ustedes- You allEllos- TheyEllas- They (girls)2 or more names(Juan y Miguel)
5 Tú- You FAMILIARYou use tú when talking to friends or people who you are on a FIRST NAME basis with.You use tú when you talk to each other, your friends or casual people.
6 Usted- you FORMALYou use USTED when talking to people who you are on a last name basis.The president, doctors, teachers, adults, etc…
7 Usted and Ustedes Usted refers to only one person. Usted is abbreviated as Ud.Ustedes refers to more than one person. Can be a formal and informal person.Ustedes is abbreviated as Uds.
8 ¿Tú o Usted? The dentist Your best friend Your sister The police The principalThe presidentMiguelYour teacherYour mom or dadVictoria
9 Subjects Pronouns and Verbs In Spanish a verb can tell the subject of the sentence all by itself! This happens when you conjugate the verb.However, it is often times necessary to use a subject pronoun to help clarify the conjugation of the verb.Now, lets learn a verb conjugation!
10 SER- TO BE Yo- SOY( I am) Tú- ERES (you fam are) Usted Él ES(___ is/are)EllaOne specific nameNosotrosNosotras SOMOS(we are)UstedesEllos SON (___ are)Ellas2 or more specific names
11 Vamos a practicar…Choose the correct form of the verb ser for the following subject pronouns.EllosEllaYoJuan y MaríaNosotrasTúJosé y yoUstedesYou familiarUsted
12 Ser: to tell where you are from You use ser to tell where people are from. Here is the formula:Subject + Ser + de + country.Ex: Yo soy de Chile.Tú eres de Perú.Ellos son de Honduras.