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Prof. Yitzchak Rosenthal

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1 Prof. Yitzchak Rosenthal
WINDOWS BASICS Prof. Yitzchak Rosenthal

2 Mouse terminology Cursor: Left Click: Right Click Click Double Click
Picture on screen that moves when you move the mouse. Used to point to items on the screen. Left Click: click once on the left mouse button Right Click click once on the right mouse button Click (same as Left Click) Double Click click twice (quickly) on the left mouse button Drag click on the left mouse button (don't let go) while moving the mouse.

3 Desktop terminology desktop icon taskbar system tray start menu
the whole screen icon a small picture taskbar the bar on the bottom of the desktop system tray the rightmost area of the taskbar start menu click on the word "start" on the leftmost area of the taskbar to access this menu. The "start menu" contains a list of the programs that are installed on the computer. sub menu a menu within a menu taskbar icon an icon that is on the taskbar context sensitive menu menu that pops up when you "right click" on an item. Different menus will pop up depending on where you right-click.

4 Program terminology program execute / run

5 Window terminology Window = the rectangle on the screen that contains the display of a running program Title bar = bar on top of a window. Contains the "name" of the window. Active window = the window that is currently “attached” to the keyboard. This window is on “top” of the other windows and has a dark blue title bar.

6 opening/closing/moving/resizing windows
close button minimize button maximize button = double click title bar restore button = double click title bar resize drag window

7 Window terminology Portions of a window menu pane: portion of a window
separator bar: a line between two panes of a window, can usually drag the bar to resize the panes scroll bar: 3 different ways to control: click in empty area drag "elevator" button click on arrows on ends of scrollbar toolbars toolbar button tool tip: move cursor over toolbar button and wait 1 second to see a short description of what the button does. Tip disappears after a couple of seconds. Many programs allow you to choose which tollbars are visible with the "view | toolbars" menu choice drag a toolbar to "dock" it to a different location

8 Windows dialog boxes and controls
dialog box: A small window that is launched by a program. Used to interact with the user. modal dialog box: A dialog box that will not let you work with the application unless you respond to it. Windows Controls: different types of controls textbox radio button check box dropdown list select list etc.

9 Context Sensitive Menus
Right clicking usually displays a “context sensitive” menu This means that the menu choices will be different depending on where you clicked Example Right click on empty area of desktop to see one context sensitive menu. Right click on empty area of taskbar to see a different set of menu choices.

10 Multiple Document Interface (MDI)
Some programs allow you to open up several windows (child windows) inside the main window (parent window). You can minimize/maximize/close/resize each child window independently inside the parent window. The Parent window has the standard Minimize/Maximize/Restore butons Each child window also has its own Minimize/Maximize/Restore buttons Window menu has choices to arrange the child windows or to select a specific child window

11 Selecting Items

12 Selecting Most programs allow you to select items by either
File selected in Windows Explorer (click on filename) Most programs allow you to select items by either clicking with the mouse on an item or clicking and dragging the mouse around some items. Selected items are often highlighted in blue (or other colors – see word example) Text selected in Word (click and drag) Cells selected in Excel (click and drag)

13 Selecting Multiple Items at Once
If you select multiple items you can work with them as a group. For example you select multiple files in Windows Explorer and then drag the entire group of files to a different folder. Two ways to select multiple files: Shift + click : Selects a contiguous range of items Ctrl + click : Selects multiple individual items (Examples on next two slides)

14 Selecting With Shift-Click
Selects a contiguous range of items Step 1 click on first item (don’t press shift) Step 2 hold down shift and click on last item at same time.

15 Selecting With Ctrl-Click
Selects multiple non-contiguous items. Step 1 click on first item (don’t press Ctrl) Step 2 Click on every other item while at the same time pressing Ctrl.

16 Selecting with Ctrl-Click: Excel Example
Select multiple non-contiguous ranges in Excel with Ctrl + click and drag Step 1 click on first cell in first range and drag (don’t press Ctrl) Step 2 While pressing Ctrl click and drag for every other range Whatever you do now will be done to all the selected cells (e.g. change the color for all these cells)

17 Clipboard terminology
area in computer memory that stores information copied from a program How to use the clipboard Select information to copy to clipboard Then do one of the following copy: either choose "edit | copy" menu or press ctrl-c cut : either choose "edit | cut" menu or press ctrl-x Choose location where you want to put the information (in the same or in a different program) paste: either choose "edit | paste" or press ctrl-v paste special: choose "edit | paste special" - not in all programs allows you to paste information from the clipboard in a different format

18 Common hot keys Hot Key Common Hot Keys
a "hot key" is a key sequence that you press on the keyboard to make windows or a program do something. This involves pressing either the "Alt", "Ctrl" or "Shift" key at the same time as pressing another key on the keyboard. Some hot key sequences involve pressing 3 keys at the same time. Common Hot Keys alt-tab = switch windows (next) shift-alt-tab = switch windows (previous) ctrl-c = copy current selection to clipboard ctrl-x = “cut” (or delete) current selection and put contents on clipboard ctrl-v = paste clipboard contents into active program ctrl-esc = show start menu alt-(underlined letter in menu) = choose menu PrtScr = copy a picture of the desktop to the clipboard Ctrl-PrtScr = copy a picture of the active window to the clipboard

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