Presentation on theme: "Thinking Ladder…. How will I know if I am learning? By the end of the lesson… E Will be able to define STM and LTM. C Will be able to explain how memory."— Presentation transcript:
How will I know if I am learning? By the end of the lesson… E Will be able to define STM and LTM. C Will be able to explain how memory can be influenced. A Will be able to analyse a correlation.
Cognitive Psychology Cognitive psychologists believe that human behaviour can best be explained if we first understand the mental processes that underlie behaviour. learn structurestore use think It is therefore the study of how people learn, structure, store and use knowledge – essentially how people think about the world around them.
Based on computer metaphor i.e. we try to understand the mind by comparing it to a computer: InputProcessingOutput Storage Cognitive Psychology
“The amazing brain” Our memories are astounding in their capacity -- for example, a young child learns about 10 new words each day, and the average adult can easily develop a vocabulary including over 100,000 words. It is the evolution of our memories that has, in large part, preserved our species. The key to our survival has been the ability of one generation to pass along its insights, innovations, and experiences to the next, so that they can improve upon them and progress more quickly forward.
Human memory can most broadly be defined as the process by which we retain information about events that have happened in the past. “keep hold of” This does not just mean things that happened years ago, but also in our immediate past. If you remember the last slide, you have used your memory.
1)What is your earliest memory? How old were you? How do you feel when you remember it? 2)What is your most recent memory? How old were you? How does it make you feel?
Key terms Sensory memory (SM) – Initial contact for stimuli. SM is only capable of retaining information for a very short time. Short term memory (STM) – The information we are currently aware of or thinking about. The information found in short term memory comes from paying attention to sensory memories. Long term memory (LTM) – Continual storage of information which is largely outside of our awareness, but can be called into working memory to be used when needed.
What is the capital of France? Who won the UEFA Champions League? What is the chemical symbol for Oxygen? When was the battle of Hastings? What is the Square root of 100? What date is Halloween? How many James Bond Films have there been? Who wrote Harry Potter? What is the French for Dog?
How many people can you name from your class at Primary School? What did it feel like on your first day at this school? Who was your first crush? What was your favourite book when you were 11? What is your favourite song? Who was your favourite teacher last year?
Can you ride a bike? Can you play an instrument? If so what grade are you, if any? Do you take part in any sport? Are you better now than when you first started? Can you touch your elbow with your tongue?
Semantic Memory “concerns facts taken independent of context” Capital of France Battle of Hastings UEFA Winners Oxygen Square of 100 Harry Potter? Halloween James Bond French
Types of Memory: Semantic The Hippocampus The Temporal Lobe The hippocampus is a seahorse-shaped brain structure involved in memory, learning, and emotion. It forms new memories and organizes them with related memories and emotions. The temporal lobes, above the ears, are involved in hearing, identifying objects, understanding language, and storing memories. They also play a role in emotions.
Episodic Memory “more personal memories, such as associations of a particular place or time” RWS School Primary School Favourite Teacher First Crush First Memory Favourite Book Favourite Song
Types of Memory: Episodic Prefrontal Cortex The Temporal Lobe The prefrontal cortex in the forward part of the frontal lobe helps control the highest levels of thinking, and conscious functions such as empathy, self-perception, and interaction. The temporal lobes, above the ears, are involved in hearing, identifying objects, understanding language, and storing memories. They also play a role in emotions.
Procedural Memory “Concerned with learning motor skills” Ride a bike Learn to Drive SportInstrument Licking your elbow
Types of Memory: Procedural Basal Ganglia Cerebellum The basal ganglia (or basal nuclei) are a group of nuclei in the brain interconnected with the cerebral cortex, thalamus and brainstem. Mammalian basal ganglia are associated with a variety of functions: motor control, cognition, emotions, and learning. The cerebellum helps with timing and coordination of movements, making them smooth and precise. Recent research also suggests a role in higher cognitive processes.
You have 5 minutes to complete the football knowledge quiz. Write your answers in your book
Football Quiz 1) In what year did England win their first and only World Cup? 2) At which team did Wayne Rooney start his professional football career? 3) Which footballer has ‘written’ the most books? 4) Where was the first world cup held in 1930? 5) Which country has one the world cup the most times? 6) What is the name of the white dot in the middle of the pitch?
1) In what year did England win their first and only World Cup? 1966 2) At which team did Wayne Rooney start his professional football career? Everton 3) Which footballer has ‘written’ the most books? David Beckham 4) Where was the first world cup held in 1930? Uruguay 5) Which country has one the world cup the most times? Brazil 6) What is the name of the white dot in the middle of the pitch? Centre spot
Sky Bet League 1 Burton Albion 2 Millwall 1 Shrewsbury Town 1 WalsallFTShrewsbury Town 1 WalsallFT 3 Sky Bet League 2 Bristol Rovers 3 Wycombe Wanderers 0F Morecambe1 Dagenham & RedbridgeMorecambe1 Dagenham & Redbridge 0 Capital One Cup Manchester City 4 Hull City 1 Middlesbrough 0 Everton 2 Stoke City 2 Sheffield Wednesday 0
You now have 30 seconds to write down as many as you can remember!
We are now going to conduct a correlation analysis on the results. A correlation analysis measures the relationship between two variables. We can display the results on a scattergraph. Score on Football Quiz Score on Memory Test The relationship we see here is positive. It is a positive correlation: As one variable increases, so does the other!
Negative Correlation As one variable increases, the other decreases. There is no relationship between the variables.
Conduct a correlational analysis of the scores on your table. 1)Plot the results in a table. 2)Plot the results against each other on a scattergraph 3)Analyse your graph. Is it a positive or negative correlation? Is there no correlation? What does your graph suggest about memory? NameScore on QuizScore on memory test