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Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns Mrs. Torres-Pagani

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1 Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns Mrs. Torres-Pagani

2 Direct Object Pronouns
The object that directly receives the action of the verb Answers the questions “what?” or “whom?” You may feel like the two characters below, but Mrs. Torres will clear things up. ;)

3 The direct object can also be a person. Sherry hit Bill. (DO=Bill)
The direct object answers the question "what?" or "whom?" with regard to what the subject of the sentence is doing. Carlos buys the car. Carlos buys what? Carlos buys the car. Sherry hit Bill. Sherry hit whom? Sherry hit Bill.

4 Substitution of Noun with Pronoun
Often, it is desirable to replace the name of the direct object with a pronoun. Example 1 Paul bought the flowers. He took the flowers home and gave the flowers to his wife. Example 2 Paul bought the flowers. He took them home and gave them to his wife. Confused? Don’t worry!

5 Direct Object Pronouns
me (me) te (you-familiar) lo (him, it masculine, you-formal) la (her, it feminine, you-formal) nos (us) los (them masculine, you all) las (them feminine, you all)

6 No matter who has what! Notice that if the subject of the sentence changes, this does not affect the direct object pronoun. Juan la tiene. Juan tiene = John has Juan tiene la pluma. = John has the pen. Juan la tiene. = John has it.

7 Direct Object Pronouns
The pronoun comes before the verb Tengo la maleta. (omit the word maleta) Yo la tengo (la replaces maleta) The subject of the sentence does not change the pronoun Marcos tiene la maleta (maleta is a feminine noun) Marcos la tiene. BUT if the direct object changes the pronoun changes Juan tiene el equipaje. (equipaje is a masculine noun) Juan lo tiene. Negative + pronoun + verb Juan no lo tiene.

8 Direct Object Pronouns Sentence with Two Verbs
The first verb is conjugated, the second stays in the infinitive Place pronoun before the conjugated verb Lo quiero ver. Juan lo necesita lavar. Or attach the pronoun to the infinitive Quiero verlo. Juan necesita lavarlo.

9 Indirect Object Pronouns
The indirect object answers the questions “to whom?” or “for whom?” me (me) te (you-familiar) le (him,her, it, you-formal) nos (us) les (them, you-all)

10 Indirect Object Pronouns
To use an indirect object pronoun, there must be a written or implied direct object pronoun. My mother writes me DO = letter (understood) IO = me

11 Indirect Object Pronouns
The pronoun comes before the verb. Juan me compra una blusa. Juan buys me a blouse. Juan te da una cadena. Juan gives you a chain Since le and les are ambiguous, it is sometimes necessary to clarify Juan le compra un suéter. Juan le compra un suéter para María. (le > Maria)

12 Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns Together
The indirect object comes before the direct object. Juan me lo compra. Ellos te las venden. When using lo/la/los/las and le/les, together replace le/les with “se”. Juan se las vende. Juan sells them to him Mis padres se lo compraba. (it, for her) Pablo se la compra. (it, to them)

13 Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns Together
With two-verb sentences, you can place the pronouns before the conjugated verb or attach it to the infinitive. Juan se lo necesita comprar. Juan quiere comprárselo. (attach all) Remember: there is an accent on the final syllable of the infinitive.

14 Exercises 1. They want the apple pie. (omit apple pie)
Ellos _____ quieren. 2. He buys the crossword puzzles. El _____ compra. 3. Where did Rob buy the car? ? Dónde _____ compró? 4. I want to give Amanda a sombrero. Quiero dar_____.

15 Exercises 5. I am going to bring the apples to her. Voy a traer _____.
6. The teacher gives us a lesson. La maestra ____ ____ da. (IO+DO+Verb) 7. Anita drinks the milk. Anita _____ bebe. (DO + Verb) 8. She needs to wash the blouse for him. Ella necesita lavár____. (hp+inf+IO+DO)

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