1 The Scientific Method The Key to a Successful Science Fair Project
2 What is the Scientific Method? An orderly and acceptable method of asking questions, developing explanations, and testing those explanations.
3 Steps of the Scientific Method Conclusion Results Method Hypothesis Problem Research
4 Research Where do the ideas come from? Sources of information Personal observations and experiences Other people Books and Internet Exploratory experiments
5 The Problem What is the key question? The topic for investigation, that is generally stated in a form of an open- ended question Something that can be investigated through an experiment
6 Hypothesis What direction should be taken? Prediction about the solution to the problem (answer to the question) The project planning and experimenting is all based on testing this potential answer
7 Method What is the step-by-step plan? A step-be-step process used to test the hypothesis. Usually a set of phrases or sentences telling what is to be done.
8 Results How does one analyze the outcomes? Record what happens when the plan/method is carried out Compare observations/measurem ents of different groups/situations Summarize the data into graphs and tables and search for patterns and possible conclusions
9 Conclusions Was the hypothesis confirmed? Summary of the results of the experiment Statement of how the results relate to the original hypothesis Ideas on related areas for future research