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Prepared by: Sonny Chiu, MA.Ed1. 2 3 4 5 6 7.

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Presentation on theme: "Prepared by: Sonny Chiu, MA.Ed1. 2 3 4 5 6 7."— Presentation transcript:

1 Prepared by: Sonny Chiu, MA.Ed1

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10 10 A picture paints a thousand words...

11 Importance of Instructional Materials IM’s assist to reinforce and supplement the teacher’s communication during the presentation of the lesson. – Clarifies the concept or idea – Makes the communication more explicit – Helps the learner to develop a good understanding of the content or skill taught *Learner can relate an idea to their common reality or environment with the use of aids Prepared by: Sonny Chiu, MA.Ed11

12 IM’s are determined by: Instructor/teacher – the ability of the teacher to either create, use, or select from the readily made and suitably available aids is crucial and critical. Objective of the lesson – by virtue of the objective of the lesson, the use of certain IM’s may be more desirable or otherwise Nature of the subject – the content to be taught will underline the type of aids to be used. Prepared by: Sonny Chiu, MA.Ed12

13 4 Categories of Instructional Aids Visual Aids – It appeals to sight, includes blackboard, posters, charts, displays, models, pictures and the like... Auditory Aids – appeals to learners sense of hearing, like audio recordings and radio Prepared by: Sonny Chiu, MA.Ed13

14 Audio-Visual Aids – appeal to both hearing and seeing. They include sound motion pictures, slides on sound and television Stimulation Devices – these are actual representation of the real objects or process, but reduced in size. It includes devices built to stimulate the action or function of the real device. Its purpose is to develop the “feel” of the actual functioning of the real objects. Prepared by: Sonny Chiu, MA.Ed14

15 Characteristics of a good instructional aids promote desirable results stimulate student’s interest catch attention and be easily understood explain in the form of labels and the like stimulate the multisensory of the learner Prepared by: Sonny Chiu, MA.Ed15 Instructional aids should...

16 Prepared by: Sonny Chiu, MA.Ed16 Characteristics of a good instructional aids appeal to students senses and perception help student to learn faster and save instructional time help students to understand the relationships between different concepts or ideas Instructional aids should... Visual aids combined with verbal explanation are very effective

17 For a teacher to achieve set objectives effectively and efficiently, she/he might have to design, construct and use desired instructional aids. It is called IMPROVISATION. Prepared by: Sonny Chiu, MA.Ed17

18 In summary, We develop Visual Aids to make, explain or identify a point emphasize, clarify or reinforce a point remind, summarize or review a point enhance understanding add variety support claims create a lasting impact

19 PowerPoint slides Overhead transparencies Graphs/charts Pictures and Cartolinas Web links Films/video Flip charts and Manila Papers Sketches and Puppers Chalk or white board Different Faces of Visual Aids

20 Tips for PPT Slides Use Sans Serif fonts (fonts without feet) – e.g. Arial, Tahoma, Trebuchet, Verdana, etc. Titles should be pt. font size, BOLD Text should be as large as possible – First level pt font size – Second level pt font size – Etc. Use color wisely – Contrasting colors

21 “Fly-In” vs “Wipe” Less distracting Reduces eye movement Increases readability Could you read this? How about this one? Maybe the third time is the charm! Be CONSISTENT throughout presentation!

22 Red Conflict Red letters on blue background creates “flicker effect” Blue letters on red background just as bad

23 Low Contrast White on yellowYellow on white Black on blue Blue on black

24 Upper left Upper right Lower left Lower right Eye Movement The “Z” Rule

25 List of Instructional Materials 1)Blackboard and/or Chalkboard 2)Whiteboard and/or Writing Board 3)Flipchart 4)Overhead Projector and Transparencies 5)Multimedia Projector and Multimedia Presentations 6)Flash Cards 7)Puppets Prepared by: Sonny Chiu, MA.Ed25

26 9)Simulations and Animations 10)Films and/or Videos 11)Recorded Audio / Music 12)Zigzag Multi-Board 13)Wall Display 14)Rope and Pole Display 15)Pocket Chart Prepared by: Sonny Chiu, MA.Ed26

27 16)Tree Chart 17)Diorama 18)Mock Up / Models 19)Letter Patterns / Cut-outs 20)Picture Puzzles 21)Manipulative Materials Prepared by: Sonny Chiu, MA.Ed27

28 Sample Tree Chart Prepared by: Sonny Chiu, MA.Ed28

29 Sample Diorama Prepared by: Sonny Chiu, MA.Ed29

30 Activity: Letter Pattern Make your own letter cut- outs using the materials you have. Create your first Instructional material by utilizing the letter patterns. Select any topic title. Prepared by: Sonny Chiu, MA.Ed30

31 Create an improvised instructional material which is needed in your subject. Submit your output next meeting. Prepared by: Sonny Chiu, MA.Ed31 Learning Task: Improvisation Required: Improvised Chalk Box

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