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Content Standard (4) Describe organisms in the six – kingdom classification system by their characteristics.

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Presentation on theme: "Content Standard (4) Describe organisms in the six – kingdom classification system by their characteristics."— Presentation transcript:

1 Content Standard (4) Describe organisms in the six – kingdom classification system by their characteristics

2 Eligible Content Identify characterisitcs of each kingdom and provide examples

3 Six Kingdoms Six KINGDOMS Archaebacteria Eubacteria Protista Fungi Planate Animalia PROKARYOTE EUKARYOTE


5 Kingdom - ARCHAEBACTERIA Prokaryote (No Nucleus) -No internal membrane bound organelles Finding Archaebacteria: The hot springs of Yellowstone National Park, USA, were among the first places Archaebacteria were discovered. Unicellular- single cell Harsh Environment - found in almost every environment ( deep sea vent / arctic / hot springs, salt ponds, etc) Cell Wall Chemosynthetic – NO photosythesis Ancient Ones Ex. Archae or bacteria


7 Kingdom - Eubacteria Prokaryote Prokaryote – NO nucleus (internal membrane bound structures) Unicellular – single cell Cell Wall Producers & Consumers – Chemosynthetic (autotroph – NO photosythesis ) – Decomposers True bacteria Found in common places – ( air / intestines /etc...) Ex. E. Coli

8 Bacteria Reproduction Bacteria reproduce asexually – (only one parent) reproduce through division of a single cell – binary fission Can be as fast as twenty minutes, which explains why bacteria can reach such high population densities.

9 General bacterial Cell

10 Kingdom Protista EUKAROTIC has NUCLEUS (membrane bound organelles) Unicellular and Multicellular Most are unicellular Complex cells Some Protists have cell walls Most are Motile ( cilia / flagellum/ pseudopodia) Mobility (method of movement) is what usually identify this kingdom Have both Autotrophs and Heterotrophs Examples of Protists unicellular Protists Amoebae-(pseudopodia), euglena-(flagella), paramecium- (cilia), multicellular Protists green algae, brown algae,

11 Examples - Protists Euglena Paramecium Amoeba Algae Flagellum (movement) Cilia movement

12 Ex. Protists

13 Kingdom - Fungi EUKAROYTE - Nucleus present Complex Cells – Have Hyphae Cell Wall - made of Chitin Heterotroph – NO chloroplast/cholorphyll Decomposers - feed off other things Reproduce - use spores ( inside hyphae gills) – No sex cells / no eggs or sperm Unicellular or Multicellular – Most are multicellular Examples - mushrooms / Yeast

14 Examples - fungi

15 Kingdom - Plantae PLANTS Non-vascular Vascular Form spores vascular tissues Ex. Moss Seedless. Seed bearing spore bearing Ex. FERNS Angiosperm Gymnosperm Flowering Pine trees Plants Monocots Dicots

16 Kingdom - Plantae EUKARYOTE - NO Nucleus Chloroplasts Chlorophyll Autotrophs / producers Cell Wall - made of cellulose Multicellular - more than one cell Complex cells w/ tissues & organ Most have both male and female reproductive structures

17 Kingdom Animalia

18 Kingdom- Animalia EUKARYOTE- Have a NUCLEUS Complex Cells Highly Mobile Heterotrophs Lack a Cell Wall No Chloroplast Members of the animal kingdom are found in the most diverse environments in the world. Animal kingdom is the largest kingdom with over 1 million known

19 Kingdom Animalia

20 Classification - Scientific Names Scientific Name ( Homo sapien) Two parts – 1 st name = Genus (Capitalized) – 2 nd name = species (NOT capitalized) Written in italics or underlined – Homo sapien or Homo sapien

21 General Information – Aristotle – father of classification – Linneaus – Developed our current system – Taxonomy – is classification – Classification minimizes confusion – System provides information – Classify by traits & evolutionary histories

22 Simplest Complex

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