“The Virginia Plan” Proposed by Edmund Randolph / James Madison
“The Virginia Plan” Created a “3 branch” government (Legislative, Executive, & Judicial) Created a “bicameral” (two house) government.
“The Virginia Plan” Representation would be based on POPULATION! Larger states were in favor of this! (Virginia, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, & New York) Smaller states didn’t like because would lose power due to their populations.
“The New Jersey Plan” Proposed by William Paterson
“The New Jersey Plan” Created a “3 branch” government (Legislative, Executive, & Judicial) Created a “unicameral” (one house) government.
“The New Jersey Plan” This plan called for equal representation -Each state had ONE vote! Smaller states were in favor of this! (New Jersey, Delaware, and Maryland) Opposed by larger states who would only have as much power as smaller states despite having larger populations!
Compare & Contrast Virginia Plan and New Jersey Plan
A “compromise” is a way of resolving disagreements in which each side gives up something but gains something else.
The “Great Compromise” The Great Compromise Proposed by Roger Sherman of Connecticut. Also called the “Connecticut Compromise”. Created a two house government – bicameral legislature.
The “Great Compromise” Created the “Senate” Each state had two (2) votes, both equal. Pleased the smaller states (put them on equal footing with larger states in this house). video video Created the “House of Representatives”. Each state’s voting status was based on population. Pleased the larger states (gave them more power in this house).
Question of Counting Slaves? Southern states wanted to count their slave populations (nearly 550,000) The “3/5 th Compromise” settled the issue. Each slave would count as “3/5ths” of a person for representation AND taxation purposes.
“Electoral College” Some delegates wanted Congress to choose the president. Others wanted the people to vote to decide. The “Electoral College” is a group of people who would be named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president – called “electors” Still used today, but voters choose the electors now.
On September 17, 1787; the remaining 42 delegates met for the last time and signed the document. If 9 out of the 13 states approved, or ratified, the Constitution – it would become the “supreme law of the land”.
Debate Breaks Out: “Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists” this is important Each wrote a series of papers in support of their side!!!
“Federalists” “Federalists” were supporters of the Constitution as it was written. Believed in a strong central government.
“Anti-Federalists” “Anti-Federalists” opposed the Constitution as it was written. Believed that it gave the federal (or national) government too much power & did not provide for the rights of the people.
“Federalists” In essays entitled “The Federalist Papers”, they argued that the U.S. could not survive without a strong federal government. Believed in “ federalism ”, or a form of government in which power is divided among the federal and state governments. Led by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay videovideo
“Anti-Federalists” “Anti-Federalists Papers” Demanded that the new Constitution protect the basic individual rights of the people – they wanted a “bill of rights” added. Led by Patrick Henry
“Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists” The “Federalists” promised to include a “bill of rights”, if the “Anti-Federalists” lessened their opposition and ratified the Constitution. And so it began…