Presentation on theme: "I (Inferences) = Claim/Reasoning"— Presentation transcript:
1 I (Inferences) = Claim/Reasoning Develop a T-chartO (Observations) = EvidenceI (Inferences) = Claim/Reasoning
2 Observation vs. Inference – Would you want to play in this water?
3 I (Inferences) = Claim/Reasoning Develop a T-chartO (Observations) = EvidenceI (Inferences) = Claim/ReasoningThe water is contaminated.The individuals in the picture are trying to clean up a toxic waste spill.This is an area with a high populationThe individuals have placed a barrier in the stream to stop the toxic waste in the water from spreading.The plants in the water might die.Enough waste has been spilled to turn the whole stream brown.People might be at risk of being exposed to the contaminants in the water.The group is going to pump out some of the waste.Six people wearing yellow suits and green gloves are around the water.The water is brown.There is some plant life in the water.The water is near a Subway.Some type of barrier is on the water’s surface.There is a hose/pipe behind the individualsThere is a large dumpster and a truck in the areaA golf cart is on the grass
6 Sample Claim Evidence Reasoning Student Response Claim: I would not want to play in this water.Evidence: There are six people in hazmat suits around the brown water that has some sort of barrier in it. There is a hose/pipe behind the individuals in suits. There is a large dumpster and a truck in the area and the individuals are wearing gloves and looking at the water.Reasoning: Besides just looking dirty, there’s probably some type of toxic waste in the water. There is no way I’m playing in the water, or any near by body of water as the contaminants can be absorbed into the ground and transported to other areas. I wouldn’t play in this water until long after it has been cleaned up. I would even wait to see if the plants stay healthy before trying to play in this water with my friends. I’m also going to need to find another lunch spot, because that Subway is too close for my comfort.
7 ELA CCSS Literacy Supports Content Area State Assessment reasoningSample FCAT 2.0 Science QuestionA radiometer is a device with fins that spin when light energy strikes them. A picture of a radiometer is shown below. As part of an experiment, a light source was placed 50 centimeters (cm) from a radiometer. The light source gave off four different-colored lights for 30 seconds (s) each. After each color of light was turned off, the amount of time the fins on the radiometer spun was recorded. The results are shown in the table below.Which color of light provided the greatest amount of light energy according to the data in the table?F. redG. greenH. blueI. whiteExtension to conclusion as a debriefing protocol; bellringers, assessments, EQ, etc.evidenceclaim
9 Getting Started: Prewriting Science Ideas What is a possible claim?What science words will you want to include?Where will you look for your evidence?What sentence starters can you use to present your evidence?What reasons show that this is good evidence?What writing words can you use?Prewriting: What can you do to help your students? Ask the above questions for support. Help them think through the science ideas. Talk about a writing words they might include.(You can gradually reduce support.)
10 Show Your Evidence Sentence Starters Grade 6According to the text…On page ___, it said …The author wrote…For instance…From the reading, I know that…Based on what I read…The graphic showed…For example…Help students with writing words they might include
11 When can a CER be used?Use it to engage in structured, argumentation to explain a scientific concept.Use it after an experiment to explain why a hypothesis was proven correct or not.Use it to justify an answer choice for a multiple (FCAT type) test question is correct.Use it to discuss claims made in videos or documentaries.
13 Claims Claims are the statements that answer your original question. The claim must be accurate, specific, and answer the question.The claim is usually one sentence in length.Helping students succeed—Before they writeTalk about why you’re using the CER framework:This is how you make an argument or explanation convincing.This is what scientists do. Explain each part.
14 EvidenceThe evidence is all the scientific data that supports your claim.It can come from a variety of sources such as:textbook, reading selections, videos, labinvestigations, class notes, etc.It should include both qualitative and quantitative data.It is important to have numerous pieces of evidence in order to prove your claim.Explain each part…The evidence includes the clues: the observations made and the data collected.
15 ReasoningReasoning is the explanation that connects your claim to the evidence that supports it or why you think your claim (answer to the question) is correct .It shows why the data you chose counts as evidence.It shows a detailed understanding of the scientific principles involved and uses correct science vocabulary.This explanation acts as a conclusion.If evidence is from an experiment, it can be the “conclusion” of the lab.It is usually several sentences in length.Explain each part…Reasoning is why the scientists think their answer is correct. Scientists explain how the evidence helps answer the question.