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European Royal Families in 1914.

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Presentation on theme: "European Royal Families in 1914."— Presentation transcript:

1 European Royal Families in 1914.

2 WW1 Extra Credit Slide Show
Directions: Go through the following slide show then answer the questions on the last two slides. Print out the last two pages, answer the questions and hand it in to MrD for extra credit.

3 Information for this slide show came from the book King, Kaiser, Tsar by Catrine Clay.

4 Introduction The royal families of the major European nations had very strong connections with each other before World War I broke out. Of the four main European nations involved in the war, only France did not have any royal family. Remember the King and Queen of France were killed in the French Revolution.

5 Queen Victoria Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1837 - 1901 England
She was the daughter of Edward, duke of Kent (fourth son of George III) and a niece of George IV and William lV. She married Albert of Saxe - Coburg Gotha (Germany). Ruled during the industrial revolution. The British Empire became powerful, rich and confident. When Victoria died in 1901, after the longest reign in English history, the British Empire and British world power had reached their highest point. She had 9 children, 40 grand-children and 37 great-grandchildren, scattered all over Europe.

6 Victoria continued This was Queen Victoria on the anniversary of 50 years of being the Queen.

7 King Edward Saxe-Coburg-Gotha VII 1901 - 1910 England
The eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Edward was created Prince of Wales almost immediately after his birth. He was known as Edward the Peacemaker. He enjoyed fine food and horse racing.

8 King George Saxe-Coburg-Gotha V 1910 - 1936 England
Second son of Edward VII Ruled Britain during First World War During his reign women were allowed to vote for the first time. Sinn Fein Easter Rising in 1916 led to independent Parliament in Ireland in 1918. Czar Nicolas or Russia and Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany were is 1st cousins.

9 Queen Elizabeth Windsor II of England with the Crown Jewels
Queen Elizabeth Windsor II of England with the Crown Jewels. She is the current queen of England. George V changed the family name to Windsor because of the anti-German feeling at the time. It had been Saxe-Coburg-Gotha because George’s grandmother, Queen Victoria had married the German Prince Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. The Windsor’s are the current royal family in England The House of Windsor

10 Czar Nicholas Romanov II (1868-1918) Russia
Nicolas II was 26 when he became Czar. Czar Nicolas’ and England’s King George’s mothers were sisters. This made King Edward his uncle and King George his cousin. Nicolas was the last Czar. He and his whole family were murdered by communists in 1918

11 Kaiser Wilhelm Hohenzollern II Germany 1888-1918
His mother was Victoria, the oldest daughter of England’s Queen Victoria. Edward VII (King of England after Queen Victoria died) was his Uncle. His cousin was George V, who became King of England when Edward died. Wilhelm went into exile when Germany lost the war in 1918.

12 Nicky and Georgie Russia’s Czar Nicolas II and England’s King George V were cousins but looked like twins. Their mothers were the daughters of the King of Denmark. Both these princesses hated Germany because Germany had taken a great deal of land from Denmark

13 Kaiser Wilhelm and his wife visiting England and his Uncle Edward and cousin George
King, Kaiser Kaiser Wilhelm and wife Alexandra Prince George (later King George V) wife Mary King Edward VII at the front four children of Prince George

14 Victoria and family A royal wedding in Coburg Germany, 1894
England’s future King Edward VII Russia’s Czar Nicolas Alix, Princess of Hess (Germany) future wife of Czar Nicolas Germany’s Kaiser Wilhelm England’s Queen Victoria A royal wedding in Coburg Germany, 1894

15 Print this page and hand in for extra credit
Name___________________ Who were the leaders of Russia, Germany and England in 1914? Who was the only one to survive WW1 as a leader in their country? What was the connection between the leaders of Russia, Germany and England in 1914. Of all the Kings and Queens in this lesson, who reigned the longest?

16 Print this page and hand in for extra credit
Alexandra on the right Dagmar on the left What did the wife of England’s King Edward VII and the wife of Russia’s Alexander III have in common? There is a hint at Answer_________________________ Name__________________________

17 For further extra credit…
Read the book King, Kaiser, Tsar by Catrine Clay and answer the following. Explain the complicated “love-hate” relationship that Kaiser Wilhelm had with England.

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