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Newton’s Laws of Motion

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1 Newton’s Laws of Motion
Forces in Motion Newton’s Laws of Motion

2 Terms Inertia~the tendency of all objects to resist any change in motion Momentum~ a property of a moving object that depends on the object’s mass and velocity

3 Newton’s First Law of Motion
An object at rest remains at rest and an object in motion remains in motion at constant speed and in a straight line unless acted on by an unbalanced force. Objects at rest Not moving Won’t move unless a push or pull is exerted on them Object in motion Continues forever at same speed & in same direction unless an unbalanced force acts on it.

4 Newton’s First Law of Motion
Friction and Newton’s First Law Friction makes it difficult to observe Friction is an unbalanced force which changes motion Inertia is related to mass 1st law sometimes called the law of inertia Why you slide when car makes a turn Mass is a measure of inertia Small mass → less inertia Easier to change motion of object with a small mass

5 Newton’s Second Law of Motion
The acceleration of an object depends on the mass of the object and the amount of force applied Acceleration depends on mass Acceleration decreases as mass increases when the same amount of force is applied Acceleration depends on force Acceleration increases as force increases when the mass is the same Expressing it mathematically F=m·a A=F/m

6 Newton’s Third Law of Motion
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the second object exerts an equal and opposite force on the first. Force pairs do not act on the same object The effect of a reaction can be difficult to see More examples: Rabbit hopping Bat hitting ball Shuttle taking off

7 Momentum is a Property of Moving Objects
More momentum ~ harder it is to stop or change its direction Momentum is Conserved Any time 2 or more objects interact, they may exchange momentum, but the total amount of momentum stays the same Momentum before collision = momentum after collision Conservation of momentum & Newton’s third law Because action & reaction forces are equal and opposite, momentum is conserved

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