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Chapter 10 Forces

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Force and Net Force Force is a push or a pull on an object. Net force is the total force on an object.

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Unbalanced Force Balanced Force Unbalanced Force can cause an object to move, stop moving, or change direction. The balanced forces are the forces in equal and opposite directions.

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Forces change motion.

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HMM…. Can you see the unbalanced force here?

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Inertia –An object at rest will stay at rest unless acted upon by an outside force. –Inertia is every objects resistance to change its motion. Newton’s First Law Greater mass means Greater inertia Greater mass means Greater inertia

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Take out a piece of paper and label it “Inertia Mini Lab”

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Newton’s Second Law The acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the net force acting on the object and inversely proportional to the object’s mass.

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Force=mass x acceleration F=m x a Or a = Force/ mass a = F/m Or a = Force/ mass a = F/m

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Equation for Newton Newton=m x a. It’s the same as the force equation!

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Force and mass determine acceleration.

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Luke! Use the mass times the acceleration!

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Sometimes we might calculate mass using Force and Acceleration Mass=Force/Acceleration m=F/a

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How much Force was required to make a 2000kg car accelerate at 5m/s/s? 1.400N 2.0.001N 3.10,000N Force=Mass x acceleration F=ma F=2000kg x 5m/s/s a= 10,000N or kgxm/s/s

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If you drop a 15kg bowling ball with a Force of 147N, what is it’s acceleration? Acceleration=Force/Mass a=F/m a=147kgxm/s/s÷15kg a= 9.8m/s/s 1.9.8m/s/s 2.0.1m/s/s 3.2,205m/s/s 0 0 3 0

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A person throws a baseball at an acceleration of 25m/s/s with 12.5N of Force. What’s the Mass of the ball? 1.312kg 2..5kg 3.2kg Mass=Force/Acceleration m=F/a a=12.5kgxm/s/s÷25m/s/s a=.5kg

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4 Types of Friction The 4 types of friction are: 1.Sliding friction (strongest) 2.Rolling friction 3.Fluid friction (weakest). 4.Static friction

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What type of friction?

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2 Factors of Friction 1-Type of surface. 2-How hard the two surfaces push together.

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Which type of hockey has more friction?

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Air Resistance and Weight Air resistance is a type of fluid friction on falling objects. Weight is the force of gravity on an object at the surface of the Earth.

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Law of Universal Gravitation Gravity acts between all objects in the universe.

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Gravity Between Objects The force of gravity between objects increases with greater mass and decreases with greater distance.

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Gravity is the force that pulls objects toward the Earth- acceleration due to gravity is 9.8m/s/s.

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Newton’s Third law If an object exerts a force on another object, the second object, exerts an equal force in the opposite direction.

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Momentum The momentum of an object is the product of its mass and velocity. In other words: Momentum = mass x velocity Kg x m/s

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COLLISIONS

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Law of Conservation of Momentum The total momentum of the objects that interact does not change.

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