EU Role Raison dêtre of the EU: Peace and reconciliation in Europe - by means of supranational institutions for (economic) cooperation Ext. relations as historical spill-over of integration Traditional bias for partnership relations, regionalism Poverty reduction is but one EU goal – others are: –integration into the world market –sustainable economic and social development –and promotion of human rights, democracy, rule of law (Cotonou: also good governance)
TRENDS in EU aid Increase of aid channelled through the Commission (up to ca. 11% of all global ODA) Benchmarking of bilateral aid (Monterrey commitment: at least 0.33% of GNP by 2006) Relative decline in EDF – in 2003, more than 2/3 of assistance was via budget Discussion on Financial Perspectives 2007-2013 and on EDF Budgetisation
Financial Perspective 2007-2013 Cap on EU expenditure – with effects on external assistance? Proposed reduction of instruments – away from regional approach? Stability instrument – foreign policy vs. development fund? Budgetisation of EDF – how to safeguard development funds? – What about the partnership principle?
Also discussed in development cooperation: Trade seen as tool in development Effects of integration in other policies –Agriculture, Fisheries, Consumer protection, Migration, etc. Common Foreign and Security Policy Enlargement European Parliament gains power
Increasing Europeanisation Reverting Europeanisation Less Pro- poor More Pro- poor