EU ODA: 2011. Institutional characteristics of the EU as a donor. The different EU aid instruments. Specific features of the EU as an aid donor. Conclusions/recommendations.
Source: Annual Report on Development aid 2012 (p.177 )
Council (Member states) + European External Action Service European Commission EU Country Delegations European Parliament
Development Cooperation Instrument ◦ €20.6 bn requested for period 2014-2020 European Neighbourhood Instrument ◦ €16.1 bn requested for period 2014-2020 European Development Fund (outside of the budget). ◦ €30.3 bn requested for period 2014-2020 Other ◦ pre-accession aid, ◦ (non-ODA) aid for cooperation with industrialised countries ◦ democracy aid, ◦ humanitarian aid, ◦ instrument for stability, nuclear safety...
1. A large percentage to Middle Income Countries/MICs (over 50%). 2. Some EU ODA – aid to ‘the neighbourhood’ – is not primarily geared towards global development norms (poverty reduction/HD focus). 3. The EU’s aid and trade link: a mixed blessing.
‘Repatriation’ of aid to national level would not be a good thing in a time of crisis (some EU member states may be tempted to distort aid radically for selfish purposes). EU aid is reliable. EU aid is less vulnerable to radical distortions. As the major trading entity the EU is an appropriate vehicle for aid.
APPENDIX 1 proposed budget 2014-2020 (All figures in constant 2011) prices Development Cooperation Instrument €20.6 bn Pre-accession instrument €12.5 bn European Neighbourhood Instrument €16.1 bn Partnership Instrument €1 bn Instrument for Stability €2.5bn European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights €1.4 bn Common Foreign and Security Policy €2.5 bn Humanitarian Aid Instrument €6.4 bn Civil Protection and Emergency Response Capacity €0.2 bn European Voluntary Humanitarian Aid Corps €0.2 bn Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation €0.56 bn Macro-financial Assistance €0.6 bn Guarantee Fund for External Actions €1.26 bn Emergency Aid Reserve €2.45 bn + Total proposed budget under 11th EDF €30.3 bn