2 c. Describe reform movements, specifically temperance, abolitionism, and public school.
3 Temperance MovementA movement aimed at limiting the consumption of alcohol: supported heavily by womenAlcohol abuse became widespread during the early 1800sPushed for laws to prohibit the sale of liquor
4 Abolitionist Movement A movement whose goal it was to end slaveryThe movement was tied to the Second Great Awakening which focused on sin and repentance, with slavery being one of the country’s greatest sinsIn the 1830s William Lloyd Garrisonbecame one of the country’sleading abolitionists, publishingthe newspaper the Liberator
5 Abolitionist Movement Fredrick Douglas, a former slave from Maryland, published the abolitionist newspaper the North StarSojourner Truth a former slave from NY, gave pro-abolitionist speeches
6 Educational ReformHorace Mann, from Massachusetts, began a movement pushing for government funded schools and teacher trainingHelped pass the 1st mandatory school attendance law in 1852Believed that citizens must be educated in order for the nation to survive and prosper
7 Women’s ReformElizabeth Cady Stanton helped organized the first women’s rights movement, called the Seneca Falls ConferenceSusan B. Anthony leader in the Abolitionist and Women’s rights movementWomen stressed the need for Suffrage (having the right to vote)
8 Questions???1. Why did Americans want to move west? What effect did this have on the people who were already there?2. What was the purpose of the Temperance Movement?3. What was the purpose of the Abolitionist Movement?4. Who was a main leader in Educational Reform? What did he do?5. Where did the Mormons move to and why?6. What is Suffrage?