2 Warm Ups1. A southern plantation owner would have been MOST excited aboutA. interchangeable partsB. the cotton ginC. abolitionD. the Seneca Falls Convention
3 2. What effect did Manifest Destiny have? A. It improved relations between the Unites States and MexicoB. It made Texas a free republicC. It extended U.S. territory all the way to the PacificD. It resulted in universal suffrage
4 19th Century Reforms that Changed America 1st Reform: Temperance Movement Temperance- Movement to limit or eliminate the use of alcohol, usually by women and churchesPeople blamed the following troubles on alcohol:Family violencecrimepovertyImmoral behavior
5 ProhibitionStates passed Prohibition laws that stopped the sale of alcohol!Finally the United States Federal Government passed one too!The 18th Amendment (1919):Prohibited the manufacturing, selling, transporting, importing or exporting of alcoholThe 21st Amendment repealed Prohibition
6 Abolitionism 2nd Reform: Abolition Movement Abolition- Movement to end slavery in the U.S.William Lloyd Garrison – Founded influential anti-slavery newspaper (The Liberator), helped establish the American Anti-Slavery SocietyFredrick Douglass-Former slave, most prominent African-American abolitionist
7 How did the United States differ? NORTH:Abolition movement grew, strengthenedMiddle class, educated, white, church members support total ban on slaverySOUTH:Economy became dependent on slaveryWealthy plantation owners push for new states to allow slavery
8 Education Reform 3rd Reform: Public Schools Horace Mann: reformer who felt education was essential for democracy. Promoted education for males and females.How did education change?States began training teachers and funding schools. School became mandatory.
9 Women’s Rights 4th Reform: Women’s Rights Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott- Organized the Seneca Falls Convention in New York, 1848.Seneca Falls Convention-First women’s rights convention, called for women’s suffrage.Signed the Declaration of Sentiments, which called for equal opportunity in education, property rights, and voting.Suffrage-women having the right to vote.
10 Review Abolition Temperance Education Women’s Rights A. Horace Mann B. Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady StantonC. Women and church leadersD. Fredrick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison