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Social Studies Survey. Temperance and Prison Reforms Social Reforms.

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Presentation on theme: "Social Studies Survey. Temperance and Prison Reforms Social Reforms."— Presentation transcript:

1 Social Studies Survey

2 Temperance and Prison Reforms Social Reforms

3 Temperance Movement  Temperance- moderation in the consumption of alcohol  Been active since the late 1700’s advocating evils of alcohol  1833- group formed the American Temperance Movement  1851- Maine passed the first state prohibition law


5 Prison Reform  One of society’s strongest needs, as many prisoners of various types were housed together  Began to change around 1816 when states enacted laws to replace old facilities  Focused on rehabilitation instead of being merely locked up  Early champion and national figure was Louis Dwight

6 Public Education and Women’s Rights Educational/Suffrage Reforms

7 Public Education  Democracy demands an informed and educated electorate  Began to push states to fund schools in early 1800’s  Early leader and advocate was Horace Mann in the mid 1800’s  1850’s- tax-supported elementary schools had gained popularity  North was more willing to reform quickly; South lagged drastically behind (by 1860, only 1/3 of Southern white children were enrolled in public school )

8 Women’s Rights (Education and Suffrage)  Schooling usually was meant for only males during the early 1800’s  1814- Emma Willard found girl’s boarding school  1837- first higher education institute  1848- Seneca Falls Convention by Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton (Seneca Falls Declaration that proposed that men and women created equal; women should get the right to vote)


10 Abolitionist Movement Anti-slavery movement

11 Anti-Slavery Movement  Abolition- immediate end to slavery  Emancipation- freeing of enslaved people  Most divisive and polarizing because it directly pitted North against South  Began in religious groups such as Quakers and Baptists  1830’s- gained momentum because of William Lloyd Garrison  1833- American Antislavery Society established by Garrison  Frederick Douglas and Sojourner Truth, free African Americans, as well as Women’s Right groups also fought for abolition  1854- anti-slavery activists found the Republican Party (with first President being Abraham Lincoln

12 Labor Unions Labor Movement

13 Labor Unions  Labor Unions- groups of workers who press for better working conditions and member benefits  1820’s-1830’s have around 300,000 people  Local and focused on single trade, but will expand as factories and industries expand  1827- labor union created for craft within a city for first time (Mechanics’ Union of Trade Association in Philadelphia)  1830’s- workingmen’s parties helped to spur reform for equal rights  1840- Martin Van Buren reduces federal employees workday  1842- Commonwealth vs. Hunt makes strikes within workplace legal  1852- first nationwide labor union created (International Typographic Union)

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