Presentation on theme: "VOTING RIGHTS Lecture 6.4. A. Voting Rights 1)1789 White male property owners 2)15 th Amendment- (1870)cannot discriminate based on race, color, or previous."— Presentation transcript:
A. Voting Rights 1)1789 White male property owners 2)15 th Amendment- (1870)cannot discriminate based on race, color, or previous servitude 3)19 th Amendment- (1920)cannot deny right to vote based on sex
4)24 th Amendment-(1964) cannot charge a poll tax to vote 5) 26 th Amendment-(1971) anyone over the age of 18 can now vote
B. The matter of voting is up to the states with the exception of 5 restrictions made by the constitution. 1)each of the states allows the same voters to vote in all elections within the states 2)Race or color or because they were a slave 3)Based on sex 4)Cannot require a poll tax 5)18
C. The Civil Rights Act of 1957 1)Set up the U.S. CIVIL RIGHTS COMMISSION 2)Gave the attorney general the right to seek federal COURT ORDER to prevent actions that interfered with the voting rights of qualified citizens.
D. The Civil Rights Act of 1960 1) Provided for the appointment of federal VOTING REFEREES. -Their duty was to make sure that qualified citizens were allowed to REGISTER and VOTE in federal elections.
E. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 1) forbade discriminatory REGISTRATION OR LITERACY requirements. 2) Relied heavily on the use of the COURT system to overcome racial discrimination. 3) Its shortcomings became clear when Martin Luther KING JR organized a voter registration drive in the city of SELMA ALABAMA. Efforts to register African-American voters were met with violent opposition.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 The Voting Rights Act of 1965 attacked the use of the POLL tax and LITERACY tests. It authorized the appointment of VOTING EXAMINERS in any State or county in which less than HALF of the electorate had been registered or VOTED in the 1964 elections. In 1975 the law was extended to cover States and counties in which more than FIVE percent of the adult population belongs to the following groups: LANGUAGE MINORITIES HISPANIC, NATIVE AMERICANS, ASIAN AMERICANS, AND ALASKAN NATIVES
Preclearance Voting Rights Act of 1965 For any of the below to happen had to be approved by Justice Dept. No new election laws No changes to election laws The only new laws must permitted could not weaken minority voting rights
Location of polling placeBoundaries of election districtsDeadlines in the election process From ward or district to at-large elections Qualifications candidates must meet in order to run for office