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Ch. 6-1 The Right to Vote American Government.  SUFFRAGE (aka FRANCHISE)—the right to vote  EXPANSION OF THE ELECTORATE  1789-the right to vote was.

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Presentation on theme: "Ch. 6-1 The Right to Vote American Government.  SUFFRAGE (aka FRANCHISE)—the right to vote  EXPANSION OF THE ELECTORATE  1789-the right to vote was."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ch. 6-1 The Right to Vote American Government

2  SUFFRAGE (aka FRANCHISE)—the right to vote  EXPANSION OF THE ELECTORATE  1789-the right to vote was restricted to adult white male property owners  Only about 1 in 15 adult white males could vote in elections in most States.  ELECTORATE—the potential voting population

3  Today the ELECTORATE in the USA is impressive  220 million people-nearly all citizens who are at least 18 can now qualify to vote  History of American suffrage since 1789 has been marked by two long-term trends  First—Gradual elimination of restrictions such as religion, property ownership, tax payment, race, and sex  Second—states’ powers over the right to vote have been assumed by the federal government

4  EXTENDING SUFFRAGE: THE FIVE STAGES  1) Restrictions disappeared—religious tests, property ownership, etc. No state has had a religious test for voting since By the mid-1800s, almost all adult white males could vote in every state.  2) Period following the Civil War. XVth Amendment gave people the right to vote regardless of race or color. For the next century, however, African-Americans were systematically denied the right to vote.

5  3) XIXth Amendment—removed the prohibition to vote based on gender (Ratified in 1920)  4) 1960s-federal legislation and court cases focused on securing the right to vote for African-Americans  The Voting Rights Act of 1965 helped guarantee racial equality  XXIIIrd Amendment gave D.C. the right to vote for President

6  XXIVth Amentment (1964) eliminated the poll tax and other taxes that were a condition for voting in a federal election  5) XXVIth Amendment (1971) set the minimum voting age at 18

7  Constitution doesn’t give the Federal government the power to set suffrage qualifications.  This matter is reserved for the states.  The Constitution does place 5 restrictions on how the states can use the power.  1) States must allow voters that vote for state legislators to vote for federal legislators also

8  2) No State can deprive any person the right to vote “on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude”.  3) No State can deprive any person the right to vote on account of sex.  4) No State can require payment of any tax as a condition for taking part in nomination or election of any federal officeholder

9  5) No State can deprive any person who is at least 18 years of age the right to vote.  Remember that states also cannot violate the Constitution in setting of suffrage qualifications  The End


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