Presentation on theme: "Governance & Enterprise Architecture. Governance & SOA In 2006, lack of working governance mechanisms in mid size to large post-pilot SOA projects will."— Presentation transcript:
Governance & SOA In 2006, lack of working governance mechanisms in mid size to large post-pilot SOA projects will be the most common reason for project failure (0.8 probability – Gartner)
IT Governance – A Definition IT governance: Specifying the decision rights and accountability framework to encourage desirable behaviour in the use of IT. (Weill and Ross, 2004, IT Governance, HBSP)
Key IT Governance Decisions IT Principles Decisions High-level statements about how IT is used in the business IT Architecture Decisions Organising logic for data, applications, and infrastruc- ture captured in a set of policies, relationships, and technical choices to achieve desired business and technical standardisation And integration IT Infrastructure Decisions Centrally co-ordinated, shared IT services that provide the foundation for the enterprises IT capability. Business Applications Needs Specifying the business need for purchasing or internally developed IT applications. IT Investment and Prioritisation decisions Decisions about how much and where to invest in IT, including project approvals and justification techniques. (Weill and Ross, 2004, IT Governance, HBSP)
IT Governance Archetypes STYLEWho Has Decision or Input Rights? BusinessA group of business executives or individual executives (CxOs). Includes Monarchycommittees of senior business executives (may include (CIO), excludes IT executives acting independently. IT MonarchyIndividuals or groups of IT executives. FeudalBusiness unit leaders, key process owners or their delegates. FederalC-level executives and business groups (eg business units or processes); may also include IT executives as additional participants. Equivalent of the central and state governments working together. IT DuopolyIT executives and one other group (e.g. CxO or business unit or process leaders). AnarchyEach individual user. (Weill and Ross, 2004, IT Governance, HBSP)
LJMU Federal Governance Model (Continuing) Information Management Steering Group Business Membership Development Programme Business Membership IT Steering Group Business Membership Architecture Principles Infrastructure Business Applications Needs IT Membership Investment & prioritisation Methodologies: MSP ITIL Monitoring Compliance Review
LJMU Governance Membership 7 members of the LJMU Senior Management team, out of a total of 16 School Directors Service Directors – Library, Estates, HR Admin/project/resource managers All ICT Senior Managers
What Can Governance Do For You? Get buy-in across the board Do it with them, even if they dont do it to themselves Change behaviour, not just technology
EA & Governance Executive buy-in to EA approach –Within LJMU Governance structure, Architecture already identified as responsibility of Information Management Steering Group Demonstrate value of EA approach –burning platform required, provided by existing Student Experience Review initiative Visibility –Exposes Senior Management to EA approaches
Selling EA & Governance Speak the language of the business –Or something as close as you can get Its all about value –The business has to see that this will promote better IS decision- making to support the business better Show them pictures –Not like Ive been doing in this presentation… –EA development will provide the pictures –See JISC SOA animation http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/programme_eframe work/soa.aspx http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/programme_eframe work/soa.aspx
Selling EA & Governance Business value: –Business wants to know how to analyse staffing requirements in light of increasing self-service –As Is Architecture – self-service capability mapped to business processes as of now –To Be Architecture – self-service capability mapped to business processes in light of move to Campus Solutions Giving a visual representation that addresses the business problem
So, Governance… What is it ? Why do you want it? How can you get it? What will you do with it when youve got it?
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