2 BRAINSTORM - Quickly writing down all the thoughts that come into your head.Do not worry if the idea or writing is good or bad.- Feels like there is a storm of ideas in your brain
3 A paragraph has three parts: TOPIC SENTENCESUPPORTING SENTENCESCONCLUDING SENTENCE
4 TOPIC SENTENCEMAIN SUBJECT/TOPICCONTROLLING IDEA
5 Supporting Sentences- Explain the topic by giving moreinformation about it.- List the main points of a paragraph.Examples- Illustrate the supporting point sentences.- Are specific- Make your meaning very clear
6 Let’s think of supporting sentences for the following topic sentences: A good friend has four important qualities.A university education is important for these reasons
7 Concluding SentenceSignals the end of the paragraphReminds the reader of the main idea.Begin with conclusion signals:In conclusion,to conclude, to summarize
9 TOPIC SENTENCE What is it? What does it do? How do I write one? The first sentence in a paragraphWhat does it do?It introduces the main idea of the paragraphHow do I write one?Summarise the main idea of the paragraph
10 SUPPORTING SENTENCE What are supporting details? They come after the topic sentenceThey make up the body of the paragraphWhat do they do?They give details and support the main ideaHow do I write them?Give supporting facts, details, and examples
11 CONCLUDING SENTENCE What is it? What does it do? How do I write one? The last sentence in a paragraphWhat does it do?It restates the main ideaHow do I write one?Restate the main idea but using different wordsThe closing sentence should be very similar to the topic sentence.
12 HOW LONG IS A PARAGRAPH?• 5-6 sentences in total• 1 Topic sentence1 Concluding sentence3-4 sentences ofsupporting details
14 What is a Topic Sentence? A topic sentence is often, but notalways, the first sentence in aparagraph.It tells us the MAIN IDEA of theIt also tells us what the authorwants to SAY ABOUT the topic.
15 Parts of a Topic Sentence A topic sentence tells what the mainidea of the paragraph will be.- We will call this the “subject / topic” ofthe paragraph.A topic sentence tells what the authoris going to say about the subject.- We will call this the “controlling idea” of
16 Putting the parts together SUBJECT + CONTROLLING IDEAThe invention of the light bulb(subject)changed the world in many ways(controlling idea)The invention of the light bulb changed theworld in many ways.
17 Example “A rabbit is different from other animals because of three unique characteristics.”The subject is “rabbit”The controlling idea is “three uniquecharacteristics”
18 There are two ways to make ice cream at home. The subject is “making ice cream.”The controlling idea is “two ways to make it.”
19 He collects books that were written over a hundred years ago He collects books that were written over a hundred years ago. But he is also interested in the best sellers of today. If I ever need to get him a present, I know I can always please him by buying him a book.Which of the following topic sentences is the best one for the above paragraph?A. Reading is fun.B. Books are my father’s hobby.C. My father was a main influence in my life.
20 The most beautiful flower is the rose because it comes in so many different colors. Another beautiful flower is the daisy which sometimes grows wild. Spring flowers like tulips, daffodils, and crocuses are also very pretty.Which of the following topic sentences is the best one for the above paragraph?A. Don’t you just love spring?B. The rose is the most loved flower the world over.C. There are many lovely flowers to considerfor your garden.
22 PARTS OF A PARAGRAPHContains the topic and the controlling idea of the paragraphIdeas (with explanations, examples, and details) which support and develop the controlling ideaTopic SentenceSupporting sentence 1Supporting sentence 2Supporting sentence 3Concluding SentenceContains a restatement of the topic sentence/main idea