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Four Square a tool used for brainstorming and outlining your essay.

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Presentation on theme: "Four Square a tool used for brainstorming and outlining your essay."— Presentation transcript:

1 Four Square a tool used for brainstorming and outlining your essay

2

3 Introduction Paragraph introduces the topic of your essay; its the first paragraph

4 Introductory Paragraph

5 Ding! The final bell rings. Its the last day of school, and summer has finally come! Students dont have to think about school for at least another 2 ½ months. That is the way it should always be. Schools should continue using the traditional calendar and not a year-round schedule. Year-round school is a bad idea because it has no positive effect on education, it is very expensive, and it disrupts the long- awaited summer vacation.

6 Grabber The first sentence of your essay; it grabs the readers attention

7 Introductory Paragraph Grabber

8 Ding! The final bell rings. Its the last day of school, and summer has finally come! Students dont have to think about school for at least another 2 ½ months. That is the way it should always be. Schools should continue using the traditional calendar and not a year- round schedule. Year-round school is a bad idea because it has no positive effect on education, it is very expensive, and it disrupts the long- awaited summer vacation.

9 Elaboration Sentences the sentences in your introduction that follow the grabber and come before the thesis; they give additional information about your essays topic

10 Introductory Paragraph Grabber Elaboration Sentences

11 Ding! The final bell rings. Its the last day of school, and summer has finally come! Students dont have to think about school for at least another 2 ½ months. That is the way it should always be. Schools should continue using the traditional calendar and not a year- round schedule. Year-round school is a bad idea because it has no positive effect on education, it is very expensive, and it disrupts the long-awaited summer vacation.

12 Thesis the three main points of your essay; the last sentence of your introduction paragraph and is restated as the first sentence in your conclusion paragraph

13 Introductory Paragraph Grabber Elaboration Sentences Thesis Thesis (Restated)

14 Ding! The final bell rings. Its the last day of school, and summer has finally come! Students dont have to think about school for at least another 2 ½ months. That is the way it should always be. Schools should continue using the traditional calendar and not a year-round schedule. Year-round school is a bad idea because it has no positive effect on education, it is very expensive, and it disrupts the long- awaited summer vacation.

15 Body Paragraphs The three middle paragraphs; they must follow the order in which they were introduced in the thesis

16 Body Paragraph #1Body Paragraph #2 Body Paragraph #3 Introductory Paragraph Elaboration Sentences Thesis Thesis (Restated) Grabber

17 Transition the first word of each body paragraph; sometimes found as the first word of the conclusion paragraph

18 Body Paragraph #1Body Paragraph #2 Body Paragraph #3 Introductory Paragraph Transition Elaboration Sentences Thesis Thesis (Restated) Transition Grabber

19 Example Transition Words Second Suddenly However Also First Next After Again Finally For example

20 Topic Sentence The first sentence in each body paragraph; what the body paragraph is about

21 Body Paragraph #1Body Paragraph #2 Body Paragraph #3 Introductory Paragraph Transition Elaboration Sentences Thesis Thesis (Restated) Transition Grabber Topic Sentence

22 Concrete Detail Evidence that supports the topic sentence -

23 Body Paragraph #1Body Paragraph #2 Body Paragraph #3 Introductory Paragraph Transition Elaboration Sentences Thesis Thesis (Restated) Transition Grabber Topic Sentence - Concrete Detail

24 Vivid Detail Detail that further describes the concrete detail (5 senses)

25 Body Paragraph #1Body Paragraph #2 Body Paragraph #3 Introductory Paragraph Transition Elaboration Sentences Thesis Thesis (Restated) Transition Grabber Topic Sentence - Concrete Detail Vivid Detail

26 Concluding Sentence Summarizes the paragraph; the last sentence of each body paragraph; NO NEW INFO! *

27 Body Paragraph #1Body Paragraph #2 Body Paragraph #3 Introductory Paragraph Transition Elaboration Sentences Thesis Thesis (Restated) Transition Grabber Topic Sentence - Concrete Detail Vivid Detail * * * Concluding Sentence

28 Conclusion Paragraph The last paragraph of the essay; summarizes the essay; the first sentence is the restated thesis and the last sentence is the clincher.

29 Body Paragraph #1Body Paragraph #2 Body Paragraph #3 Introductory Paragraph Transition Elaboration Sentences Thesis Thesis (Restated) Transition Grabber Topic Sentence - Concrete Detail Vivid Detail * * * Concluding Sentence Conclusion Paragraph

30 The three middle sentences contain a detail from each body paragraph

31 Body Paragraph #1Body Paragraph #2 Body Paragraph #3 Introductory Paragraph Transition Elaboration Sentences Thesis Thesis (Restated) Transition Grabber Topic Sentence - Concrete Detail Vivid Detail * * * Concluding Sentence Conclusion Paragraph - Detail from body paragraph #1 - Detail from body paragraph #2 - Detail from body paragraph #3

32 The Clincher The last sentence of the entire essay; it drives the point home; the final thought

33 Body Paragraph #1Body Paragraph #2 Body Paragraph #3 Introductory Paragraph Transition Elaboration Sentences Thesis Thesis (Restated) Transition Grabber Topic Sentence - Concrete Detail Vivid Detail * * * Concluding Sentence Conclusion Paragraph The Clincher - Detail from body paragraph #1 - Detail from body paragraph #2 - Detail from body paragraph #3


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