2APP: What’s Working Well Assessment more integratedAfL and APP – interdependencyTeacher confidence – less reliance on frequent testingShare assessment responsibilityImpact on planning and pedagogyImproved dialogue with pupils (& parents?)Moderation activity
3APP - issues Using guidelines as a tick sheet (over frequent use) ‘Collecting’ evidenceStandardisationRewritten criteria – commercial manifestationsExclusive focus on tracking
4Effective feedback and developing self and peer assessment Assessment for LearningEffective feedback and developing self and peer assessment
5Developing assessment for learning is not about adding a collection of teaching strategies into an existing repertoire. It is about reflecting on the impact of our teaching and being clear about what helps children learn and develop as learners.This includes developing social and emotional as well as cognitive skills.Teachers who most successfully develop and refine their assessment for learning practice never lose sight of the fact that AFL is something happening in children’s minds and all their planning and interactions with children aim to facilitate this.
6To help children judge how well they are doing we need to ensure there is a shared understanding of: What children will learnWhat they will be able to do after they have learned itWhy they are learning itWhen they will get opportunities to use and apply the learningHow to judge the quality of the outcome using success criteriaWhat ‘good’ and ‘even better’ looks like, and how to evaluate how well they have done and what they could do even better.Children need to be proactive partners in the learning process. They need to be taught how to take responsibility for the progress they make as independent learners able to work effectively with the teacher and with each other. To do this children need to feel that they are in a safe environment where they belong, that their opinions are valued and that there is a clear structure to their role in assessing their own learning.We know all this – today focusing on the last 2 bullet points - considering oral and written feedback, peer and self-assessment. In order to progress and succeed, children need constant and supportive feedback on their learning. Adults working in schools and settings need to give both oral and written feedback that helps children understand how to take ownership and control of their own learning and progress.Oral feedback is regular and interactive. It is both direct (targeted to individuals or groups) and indirect (as others listen in and reflect on what is said). It works in three directions: teacher to child, child to teacher and child to child. All three are important, necessary and interlinked. The teacher can model the language of feedback that children can employ themselves, in discussions and paired peer assessment.
7x Neat handwriting B+ Could be better Watch your spellings! Well done!B+Good effort910Could be betterWatch your spellings!Excellent workxPlease write to the end of the linesC -We have come a long way in our use of marking. Up until recently feedback comments were often:non-specific e.g. good work, well done, that’s much betteror focus on:presentation e.g. neat work, use a rulerquantity e.g. you have completed a lot of calculations, not enough worksurface features e.g. make sure number ‘9’ is the right way roundeffort e.g. you have worked hard todayThis century there has been a real change in feedback- with the research into AFL and the focus on learning and feedback has been seen as a real tool to develop pupils as independent learners. Although we do see this sometimes when we go into schools it is becoming the exception rather than the rule. Marking scrutinies, monitoring of feedback are commonplace in schools now and are helping to improve practice in feedback.Change in our language – from marking to feedback11You have not written enough todayNeat handwriting20
8If I knew how to use paragraphs I would have done so.
9How can I make it better? What makes my work good? Schools which have understood the critical role of AFL in developing effective teaching and learning have children who are able to answer these questions? Writing interviews – show me a piece of work that you consider to be good? Why do you think it is good – is it just because the teacher has put good on it, is it written neatly? How can I make it better?
10Effective feedback – What we know now Written feedback needs to be focused – linked to learning objectives and success criteriaPupils should know where they have been successful and what they need to do to improveTime should be given for pupils to respond to feedbackChildren need to have ownership of the success criteria and be able to refer to itBut for feedback to be effective we need to ensure that we have effective learning objectives and success criteria.
11Closing the gap: Reminder prompt e.g say more about how you feel about this personScaffolded prompte.g can you describe how this person is ‘a good friend’ , describe something that happened which showed you they were a good friend , (finish the sentence) he showed me he was a good friend when ……Example prompte.g choose one of these or make up your own- he is a good friend because he never says unkind things about me / my friend is a friend because he is always nice to me
12Oral FeedbackThe language of the classroom, especially the incidental talk that goes on while children are working, gives strong messages to children about their achievementIt’s making you think because you are learning something you didn’t know before and I am here to help.When you find something challenging, it is an opportunity to learn something new.‘I know you are having difficulty with this. Don’t worry – I’m going to help you.’Need to think about the way you talk to children about difficulties, focusing on the fact that CHALLENGE means that NEW LEARNING is taking place.Assessment for learning involves creating an ethos in a school or setting where speaking freely about learning is encouraged.If you use language like the blue speech bubbles above children willBe less afraid to make mistakesHave increased self-esteemBe more able to admit their difficultiesBe more willing to articulate their self –evaluation (whether of success or of help required)More readily give feedback to teachers and each otherThis is how we learn. If everything is easy, it means you already knew how to do it, so there’s no new learning.
13How can you tell when feedback is truly effective? Talking to pupilsCan you tell me why you are pleased with it?Can you show me some work you have done recently which you think is really good?You can be producing the most detailed, comprehensive feedback but if pupils cannot answer these questions then you are wasting your time.How could you have made it better?
14Audit tools: Teaching and learning review tables How well are we doing?Audit tools: Teaching and learning review tablesQuality Standards for AFL2.3 All teachers give pupils clear feedback which identifies next steps and provides opportunities in lessons for pupils to discuss and act upon the feedback2.6 All pupils have the confidence, dispositions and skills to evaluate the quality of their work and level of understanding and work with their teachers and peers to take the next steps in their learning.2.3. Quality Standards for AFL
15Discussion How effective is feedback in your school? To what extent is peer and self-assessment impacting on the quality of learning?How do you know?
16Feedback on Learning journey Learning objectivesSuccess criteriaFeedback - written and oralBecause there is continual research going on we are going to look at most recent – what we have learnt. It has evolved and changed – originally WILF and WALT in its earliest stages and talked about 3 stars and a wish. Our understanding is developing as we see the impact on pupil’s learning of different strategies – research based. So useful to summarise current understanding of learning objectives andsuccess criteria.Self and peer assessment
17Current understanding of learning objectives Learning objectives need to be decontextualisedClosed learning objectivesOpen learning objectives require discussions with pupils about qualityTo be able to punctuate correctlyTo be able to use question marksClosed – include skills such as e.g punctuation and all knowledge learning objectives. no difference in quality and therefore feedback which focuses on success and improvement not useful – finding the best bits meaningless either did it or didn’t.Open objectives e.g write a characterisation, write a persuasive argument. Analysing one piece enables success criteria to be identified but 2 can identify quality
18Separate the learning objective from the context of the lesson To write instructions for making a sandwichWe are learning to write a newspaper report about pollutionThe learning context should be separated from the learning objectives so that children do not associate them with one task/lesson but can apply them across contexts.Ie today we are learning to write a traditional story.Activity – Muddled handout, separating LO from context – also answer handoutTo describe Red Riding Hood
19SUCCESS CRITERIANot a simple fix-it list but aspects of the task on which pupils most need to focus.Pupils should be involved in the process of creating success criteriaShould be the same for all learnersQuality ensured by modelling, questioning, the level of discussion in the classroom and feedback given.Differentiation P93. Success criteria linked to what children will learn not what they will do.Avoid the step by step approach. E.g write the title, start on a new line, write to the end of the line, use your best handwriting, write a page.
20Ingredients of a cake Success criteria Learning objective We are learning to …Write a story starterWhat will you need to do to achieve this?Remember to :describe the settingdescribe the main characteruse powerful adjectivesSuccess criteriaShare examples of success criteria for literacy – important to model the SC as just having these in your starter will not necessarily make it good - you can have a good description of a setting, or a poor one. (open success criteria)Literacy SC may sometimes be for a series of lessons e.g. SC for writing a persuasive letter, or a story, or a playscript. These may be broken down into SC for a lesson e.g. connectives within letter, story starter, stage directions.Maths SC are more likely to be specific to a lesson.
21We are learning to write a set of instructions Write the title and underline itWrite down a list of equipment and ingredients that you will needWrite in bullet pointsUse a capital letter to start each lineUse imperative verbs at the start of each instructionTry to use a variety of different imperative verbsAdd health and safety tipsInclude diagramsUse time connectivesFinish each sentence with a full stopCheck your work for spellingsInclude bracketsUse your neatest handwritingToo long and not specific
22‘You need to improve your writing by making your writing better.’ Peer assessment comment – what is missing ?Peer assessmentPeer assessment and self-assessment is much more than children marking their own or each other's work. To improve learning, it must be an activity that engages children with the quality of their work and helps them reflect on how to improve it. Peer assessment enables children to give each other valuable feedback so they learn from and support each other. It adds a valuable dimension to learning: the opportunity to talk, discuss, explain and challenge each other enables children to achieve beyond what they can learn unaided. Peer assessment helps develop self-assessment, which promotes independent learning, helping children to take increasing responsibility for their own progress.It is important that children have seen good examples of feedback by teachers and are aware how to assess their own work before they assess other work.This needs to be modelled to children eg use piece of work in whole class – discuss how they would respond to itPeer and self assessment are not replacements for teacher or practitioner marking and feedback. They are important additional forms of assessment which engage children in becoming self-critical and independent.
23Creating the classroom culture ….. knows that writing takes time and effort and he or she will always respect the writer’s feelings.always starts by saying…”One thing I really like about your writing is…”will help by asking useful questions like... “shall we use the checklist?”will always tell the writer what they thought was the best parts of the writingwill always end with… “Thank you for sharing your writing with me.”
24Winner!! 1st Congratulations. You have won Prize in our competition – an ALL INCLUSIVE holiday to Barbados. Two weeks total relaxation in luxurious surroundings sun, sea, award winning spa ……This holiday is subject to terms and conditions and must be taken between 8th January and 12th February.Task – you have won an amazing holiday – 2 weeks all inclusive in Barbados. Only problem is it must be taken in January.You need to write a letter to your headteacher requesting 2 week. Will need to have a persuasive element.Use an example for success criteria – persuasion2 examples to model quality.5 mins to write your own – model self and peer assessment. Then choose someone to give feedback on.
25What are the key points you will take from this session? ReflectionWhat are the key points you will take from this session?How will you use this in your school?