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© PMB 2007 Assessment for Learning (AfL) Unit 3: Formative Feedback.

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Presentation on theme: "© PMB 2007 Assessment for Learning (AfL) Unit 3: Formative Feedback."— Presentation transcript:

1 © PMB 2007 Assessment for Learning (AfL) Unit 3: Formative Feedback

2 © PMB 2007 Learning Intentions To know what is meant by high quality formative feedback To know the steps needed to provide high quality formative feedback in your classroom To understand how formative feedback can impact on pupils learning.

3 © PMB 2007 Activity 1a Effective Feedback

4 © PMB 2007 What Do We Mean by Formative Feedback? Feedback to any pupil should be about the particular qualities of his or her work, with advice on what he or she can do to improve, and should avoid comparisons with other pupils. - Inside the Black Box Black & Wiliam 1998

5 © PMB 2007 Characteristics of Formative Feedback the desired goal some understanding of how to close the gap evidence on where they are now Feedback should provide:

6 © PMB 2007 Timing of Formative Feedback Feed back during the learning Allow time for improvement

7 © PMB 2007 Activity 1b Formative Statements

8 © PMB 2007 Why Is it Important? Focuses on improvement De-emphasises competition Improves motivation and learning ambition

9 © PMB 2007 Types of Feedback Oral Feedback During the lesson/activity Personal and immediate Interactive (two-way)

10 © PMB 2007 Effective Oral Feedback Activity: Pupils cut out, order and glue pictures of a story in sequence We Are Learning To:Sequence events Success Criterion: The pictures will be in the same order as the story we read You are getting better at cutting out. Well done! Good girl, you have glued that picture very neatly Good strategy, you have cut out all the pictures first so you can shuffle them around and change your mind Well done. I see you have got the first picture in place. What happened next in the story?

11 © PMB 2007 Focusing the Feedback I recognised things in myself like commenting about the handwriting and spelling, when I should be commenting on the learning intention. Its been a real revelation to me. Im aware of it all the time now and when I hear myself starting to say youve left a capital letter out there, I stop really quickly now and go back to talking about the learning intention. - A teacher from S. Clarkes research project

12 © PMB 2007 Types of Feedback Written Feedback Tends to be after the task is complete Comments only

13 © PMB 2007 Learning from Feedback Do you allow time for pupils to read your comments? Do you allow time for improvements to be made to the work? Can pupils read/understand your marking comments?

14 © PMB 2007 How Do Pupils Interpret Your Feedback? Develop these ideas further… - Teachers expect you to know what they mean in comments Y10 - It would be good if teachers wrote how you could improve your work more Good work … - Good doesnt help much – hes just saying that its not really very good. Id like it if he just told the truth. P4 - If I get a good, I dont often know what Ive done good Y8 You must try harder… - I get try harder a lot, but it doesnt really help me do any better

15 © PMB 2007 A Controversial Question About Marking Which is most effective in helping learners improve? Mark/grade only (e.g. 4/10, B+) Mark/grade and comment Comment only

16 © PMB 2007 Comment-only Marking Is the Best Way to Help Learners Improve Groups of pupils given: Improvement in Work Interest in Subject Marks/grades onlyNil+ for high attainers - for middle/low Marks/grades + comments Nil+ for high attainers - for middle/low Comments only30%+ for all groups Research findings, Black & Wiliam,1998

17 © PMB 2007 A Strategy for Written Feedback Find 2 successes against the success criteria Find the part of the work that has most scope for an immediate jump (not simply the worst part) Write a short prompt telling the child exactly what to do to this part of their work Provide time for them to read, process and respond to your prompt

18 © PMB 2007 Prompts for Improvement A reminder prompt: is most suitable for able children. Say more about how you feel about this person. A scaffold prompt: scaffolds the learning for children who need more support than a simple reminder. Can you describe how this person is a good friend? Describe something that happened that showed they are a good friend. An example prompt: can be extremely successful with all children, but especially with average or below average children. Choose one of these or your own: He is a good friend because he never says unkind things about me, My friend is a friend because he never tells me lies.- Shirley Clarke

19 © PMB 2007 Reminder Prompt Learning Intention: To be able to isolate variables in a controlled test. - The nail rusted much more in dish 2. Emma, what were the isolated variables that caused the rusting? The isolated variables were water and air – these must have been the causes of the rusting.

20 © PMB 2007 Scaffold Prompt Learning Intention: To use dialogue to give the reader an impression of character. - Emil smiled and whipered, Put it in your pocit. Emil smiled slyly Complete this with a powerful adverb: Emil smiled …………..

21 © PMB 2007 Example Prompt Learning Intention: To identify patterns of volcanic activity - There is a chane of voclanos in the meditranan sea they from a line. Sir I like Etna best. One of these volcanoes is named Etna it is near a citiy caled Naples. Name one example: One of these volcanoes is named ………….. Vesuvius Stromboli

22 © PMB 2007 Activity 2 Prompts for Improvement

23 © PMB 2007 Final Tips and Reminders To deliver formative feedback: Relate the feedback to the learning intention and success criteria; Identify where success has occurred; Set a goal for improvement; Show where and how improvement could take place; Allow time for pupils to make improvements; and Start small

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