Presentation on theme: "Learning intentions To know what is meant by high quality formative feedback To know the steps needed to provide high quality formative feedback in your."— Presentation transcript:
Learning intentions To know what is meant by high quality formative feedback To know the steps needed to provide high quality formative feedback in your classroom To understand how formative feedback can impact on students learning
Activity 1a Exploring effective feedback
What do we mean by formative feedback? Feedback to any student should be about the particular qualities of his or her work, with advice on what he or she can do to improve, and should avoid comparisons with other students. Inside the Black Box, Black & Wiliam, 1998
Characteristics of formative feedback the desired goal some understanding of how to close the gap evidence on where they are now Feedback should provide:
Timing of formative feedback Feedback during the learning Allow time for improvement
Activity 1b Formative statements
Why is formative feedback important? Focuses on improvement De-emphasises competition Improves motivation and learning ambition
Types of feedback Oral feedback During the lesson/activity Personal and immediate Interactive (two-way)
Effective Oral Feedback Activity: Student tests a number of household substances with litmus paper. Learning intentions:Plan and conduct a fair test Classify substances Identify common acids and bases You are getting better at carrying out an investigation. Well done! Good girl, you have completed the report very neatly Good strategy, you have tested all the substances with the blue litmus paper and recorded your results. Do you think it would help to use the blue litmus paper? Well done. I see you recorded all your results. How do acids effect litmus paper?
Focusing the feedback I recognised things in myself like commenting about the handwriting and spelling, when I should be commenting on the learning intention. Its been a real revelation to me. Im aware of it all the time now and when I hear myself starting to say youve left a capital letter out there, I stop really quickly now and go back to talking about the learning intention. Teacher from S. Clarkes research project
Types of feedback Written Feedback Tends to be after the task is complete Comments only
Learning from feedback Do you allow time for students to read your comments? Do you allow time for improvements to be made to the work? Can students read/understand your marking comments?
How do students interpret your feedback? Develop these ideas further… - Teachers expect you to know what they mean in comments. - It would be good if teachers wrote how you could improve your work more. Good work … - Good doesnt help much – hes just saying that its not really very good. Id like it if he just told the truth. - If I get a good, I often dont know what Ive done good You must try harder… - I get try harder a lot, but it doesnt really help me do any better
A controversial question about marking Which is most effective in helping students improve? Mark/grade only (e.g. 4/10, B+) Mark/grade and comment Comment only
Comment-only marking is the best way to help students improve Groups of students given: Improvement in work Interest in subject Marks/grades onlyNil+ for high attainers - for middle/low Marks/grades + comments Nil+ for high attainers - for middle/low Comments only30%+ for all groups Research findings, Black & Wiliam,1998
A suggested strategy for written feedback Find two successes in the piece of work based on the features of quality Find the part of the work that has most scope for an immediate jump (not simply the worst part) Write a short prompt telling the child exactly what to do to this part of their work Provide time for them to read, process and respond to your prompt
Prompts for improvement A reminder prompt is most suitable for able children Say more about how you feel about this person. A scaffold prompt scaffolds the learning for children who need more support than a simple reminder Can you describe how this person is a good friend? Describe something that happened that showed they are a good friend. An example prompt can be extremely successful with all children, but especially with average or below average children Choose one of these or your own: He is a good friend because he never says unkind things about me, My friend is a friend because he never tells me lies.Shirley Clarke
Reminder prompt Learning intention: To explore the structure and function of different organs and systems - The heart beats faster when we run. Emma, how might this affect how we breathe? When we run our heart beats faster, this pumps blood to our lungs quicker, and we breath faster to get more oxygen into our blood.
Scaffold prompt Learning intention: To use dialogue to give the reader an impression of character - Emil smiled and whimmpered, Put it in your pocit. Emil smiled slyly Complete this with a powerful adverb: Emil smiled …………..
Example prompt Learning intention: To classify living things All living thing in the garden can be divided into plants and animals, depending on how get food All living thing in the garden can be divided into plants and animals, grass is a plant as it makes its own food and birds are animals as they cannot make their own food.. Name one example of each and think of how they get or make their food.
Activity 2 Prompts for improvement
Final suggestions For effective formative feedback: Relate the feedback to the learning intention and features of quality Identify where success has occurred Set a goal for improvement Show where and how improvement could take place Allow time for students to make improvements Start small