Presentation on theme: "READING P-Peer A-Assisted L-Learning S-Strategies Overview by Gail Gilmartin."— Presentation transcript:
READING P-Peer A-Assisted L-Learning S-Strategies Overview by Gail Gilmartin
What is PALS? A class-wide peer tutoring program Students work in pairs or triads to practice and strengthen reading fluency and comprehension.
Why Use Peer Tutoring? Increasing diversity in classrooms Broad range of achievement levels within classrooms Increasing need to address variety of individual needs through differentiation
Important Features of PALS Reciprocal roles (Coaches and Readers) Structured Activities Individualized More time engaged on task Includes ALL students Opportunities for success for all students Encourages positive peer interactions Practical AND effective Opportunities to monitor student progress
PALS Research Statistically significant differences between students who participated in PALS vs Control group Received Best Practices status from Department of Education
PALS 2-6 Experimental Results Improvement in Reading: Words read correctly in 3 minutes
PALS 2-6 Experimental Results Improvement in Reading Comprehension: Number Questions Answered Correctly
ROLES: Coaches and Readers Coaches –Provides prompts and helps Reader Readers –Reads and accepts help from Coach Partnerships rotate every 3-4 weeks PALS is conducted 3 times a week for 35 minutes
Required Materials for PALS Teacher Materials –Timer –PALS Rules –Student Assignment Chart –Scripts –Command Card –PALS Video of lessons for students to watch (to model what PALS LOOKS and SOUNDS like)
Teachers PALS Duties Assign Pairs and Teams Select Text of Appropriate Difficulty Monitor Students Reading and PALS Behavior Assist Coaches as needed
Absent Students and Uneven Pairs If two students are absent, their partners may be paired for the day. If the two students are in different books, the pair should use the weaker readers book. Allow a high-performing student to read independently. Form a triad
Reading Triads Assign each of the students to be the coach during one of the three reading activities. If a permanent triad is necessary because you have an uneven number of students, designate one as a floater. Never place learning disabled or extremely low readers in a triad for more than one day, if at all possible.
Selecting Text of Appropriate Difficulty Each pair may read from different texts. Text should be at weaker readers level- no more than 10 errors per 100 words. Determine page numbers or stories to be read ahead of time.
Monitoring Students Reading Provide positive feedback Ensure correct PALS implementation Ensure students are using proper correction procedures Ensure cooperation between partnerships Award BONUS points Listen to EACH student Listen for FLUENCY Listen for quality of main idea statements
PALS RULES Talk to only your partner (or Mrs. G) and only about PALS Keep your voice low Cooperate with your partner Try your best
Partner Reading Conducted for minutes Stronger reader reads aloud for 5 minutes Weaker reader reads the same text for next 5 minutes Weaker reader retells the story for 1-2 minutes Readers should read quickly, accurately, and with expression Coaches listen, correct mistakes, and mark points (earn 1 point for every sentence read correctly and 10 points for correct retell)
Correcting Errors There are four types of mistakes to listen for: –Saying the word wrong –Leaving out a word –Adding a word –Waiting longer than 4 seconds Use Correction Card to help with correction procedures
Demonstration and Practice Coach and Reader read and mark points Coach makes corrections, if needed Reader retells story using Question Card Both Coach and Reader are engaged at all times!
Paragraph Shrinking Conducted for 10 minutes Stronger reader reads new text aloud for 5 minutes, summarizing each paragraph as they read Weaker reader reads new text aloud for 5 minutes, summarizing each paragraph Coach listens, corrects mistakes and marks points
Paragraph Shrinking After each paragraph, using the Question Card, the Reader : –Identifies the most important Who or What (1 point) –Identifies the most important thing about the Who or What (1 point) –States the main idea of the paragraph in 10 words or less (1 point) Training includes identifying paragraphs and the main idea
Prediction Relay First 5 minutes- using the Question Card, the Stronger Reader: –Make a logical prediction (1 point) –Reads half of a page (1 point) –Checks the prediction (1 point) –Makes a new prediction –Continues to read Second 5 minutes- using the Question Card, the Weaker Reader: –Make a logical prediction ( 1 point) –Reads half of a page (1 point) –Checks the prediction (1 point) –Makes a new prediction –Continues to read