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Post World War II Developments Lesson 23 SS8H10.a,b,c.

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Presentation on theme: "Post World War II Developments Lesson 23 SS8H10.a,b,c."— Presentation transcript:

1 Post World War II Developments Lesson 23 SS8H10.a,b,c

2 SS8H10 The student will evaluate key post- World War II developments of Georgia from 1945 to 1970. SS8H10 The student will evaluate key post- World War II developments of Georgia from 1945 to 1970. a. Analyze the impact of the transformation of agriculture on Georgias growth. a. Analyze the impact of the transformation of agriculture on Georgias growth. b. Explain how the development of Atlanta, including the roles of mayors William B. Hartsfield and Ivan Allen, Jr., and major league sports, contributed to the growth of Georgia. b. Explain how the development of Atlanta, including the roles of mayors William B. Hartsfield and Ivan Allen, Jr., and major league sports, contributed to the growth of Georgia. c. Discuss the impact of Ellis Arnall. c. Discuss the impact of Ellis Arnall. EQ: What were the developments of Georgia from 1945 to 1970? How did they impact Georgia? EQ: What were the developments of Georgia from 1945 to 1970? How did they impact Georgia?

3 Georgia remained a farming state until after World War II, which ended in 1945. Georgia remained a farming state until after World War II, which ended in 1945. The number of people living in the country remained around 2 million from 1920-1960. By 1990, however, the percentage of people living in the country would drop to only a quarter of those in Georgia. The number of people living in the country remained around 2 million from 1920-1960. By 1990, however, the percentage of people living in the country would drop to only a quarter of those in Georgia. Georgia cities had begun to grow. Today less than 2% of Georgians are involved with farms. Georgia cities had begun to grow. Today less than 2% of Georgians are involved with farms. Most of Georgias farms sell less than $10,000in products a year. Most of Georgias farms sell less than $10,000in products a year.

4 1940-1950 the yearly income went from 300 to 1,000. 1940-1950 the yearly income went from 300 to 1,000. Farmers had access to tractors, harvesting machines, refrigerated trucks and new chemicals to control weeds. Farmers had access to tractors, harvesting machines, refrigerated trucks and new chemicals to control weeds. 10% of farmers grew cotton. 10% of farmers grew cotton. Peanuts made more money Peanuts made more money

5 William B. Hartsfield (1890-1971) William B. Hartsfield served as mayor of Atlanta for longer than any other mayor in the citys historysix terms, from 1937-1961. William B. Hartsfield served as mayor of Atlanta for longer than any other mayor in the citys historysix terms, from 1937-1961. During his tenure, Atlantas population multiplied by ten times from 100,000 to 1 million. During his tenure, Atlantas population multiplied by ten times from 100,000 to 1 million. In regard to the laws governing people of color, Hartsfield promoted the idea of Atlanta as a City Too Busy to Hate. In regard to the laws governing people of color, Hartsfield promoted the idea of Atlanta as a City Too Busy to Hate.

6 Hartsfield, cont. Hartsfields political career began at the age of 32, when he was elected to the Atlanta City Council. Hartsfields political career began at the age of 32, when he was elected to the Atlanta City Council. There he worked to build Atlantas aviation industry. There he worked to build Atlantas aviation industry. At the time he began his campaign, in the 1920s, people did not yet fly for travel as they do today. At the time he began his campaign, in the 1920s, people did not yet fly for travel as they do today. In 1928, he was named Atlantas father of aviation by the Atlanta Chamber of Commerce. In 1928, he was named Atlantas father of aviation by the Atlanta Chamber of Commerce.

7 1924: Hartsfield ran for the Georgia House of Representatives, but lost. 1924: Hartsfield ran for the Georgia House of Representatives, but lost. 1932:He ran again and was elected to represent Fulton County. 1932:He ran again and was elected to represent Fulton County. 1936:He was elected Atlantas Mayor. 1936:He was elected Atlantas Mayor. The Great Depression had hurt Atlantas economy, Hartsfield secured donations from Coca-Cola, and his strict budgeting helped the city recover by 1938. The Great Depression had hurt Atlantas economy, Hartsfield secured donations from Coca-Cola, and his strict budgeting helped the city recover by 1938.

8 Hartsfield was defeated as mayor in 1940. However, when the U.S. joined World War II in 1941, the current mayor joined the military. A special election was held in 1942 and Hartsfield won again. He was elected for four more elections. Hartsfield was defeated as mayor in 1940. However, when the U.S. joined World War II in 1941, the current mayor joined the military. A special election was held in 1942 and Hartsfield won again. He was elected for four more elections. In 1952, Atlanta tripled its size from 37 to 128 square miles, adding 100,000 people to its population. In 1952, Atlanta tripled its size from 37 to 128 square miles, adding 100,000 people to its population. In 1961, Hartsfield choose not to run for office again. In 1961, Hartsfield choose not to run for office again. Hartsfield died in 1971, and the Atlanta airport was renamed in his honor. Hartsfield died in 1971, and the Atlanta airport was renamed in his honor.

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10 COME FLY THE FRIENDLY SKIES Atlanta became the home base for Delta Air Lines Atlanta became the home base for Delta Air Lines Interstate System was developed between 1950- 1960 Interstate System was developed between 1950- 1960 MARTA: Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority: 1960 MARTA: Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority: 1960

11 Ivan Allen, Jr. (1911-2003) Ivan Allen, Jr. served in World War II. Then, he worked for the governor and his fathers business. Ivan Allen, Jr. served in World War II. Then, he worked for the governor and his fathers business. When Hartsfield left office, he won and served as mayor from 1962-1970. People credit him with keeping peace during the civil rights movement. When Hartsfield left office, he won and served as mayor from 1962-1970. People credit him with keeping peace during the civil rights movement. As mayor, Allen was liberal. Allens first act was to have signs like White Only over water fountains removed from City Hall. As mayor, Allen was liberal. Allens first act was to have signs like White Only over water fountains removed from City Hall. Allen also ended the rule that Black police officers could not arrest a white person and the blacks could not be firefighters. Allen also ended the rule that Black police officers could not arrest a white person and the blacks could not be firefighters.

12 Ivan Allen, Jr. cont. Allen worked with civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr. Allen worked with civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr. Allen was the only politician from the South to speak in favor of the Civil Rights Act in the U.S. Congress. Allen was the only politician from the South to speak in favor of the Civil Rights Act in the U.S. Congress. By 1964, Allen was able to bring desegregation to all public facilities in Atlanta. By 1964, Allen was able to bring desegregation to all public facilities in Atlanta.

13 Unfortunately, Allen was the mayor during the construction of a concrete wall intended to keep black people away from a white area. Unfortunately, Allen was the mayor during the construction of a concrete wall intended to keep black people away from a white area. This incident was called the Peyton Road Affair. The wall was later found to be unconstitutional and was torn down. This incident was called the Peyton Road Affair. The wall was later found to be unconstitutional and was torn down. Allen worked to bring the Atlanta Braves to the city. He worked to build the Atlanta Stadium for a team and then convinced the team to move to Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He also helped bring major league football and basketball teams to the city in the late 1960s. Allen worked to bring the Atlanta Braves to the city. He worked to build the Atlanta Stadium for a team and then convinced the team to move to Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He also helped bring major league football and basketball teams to the city in the late 1960s.

14 1. Who was the mayor of Atlanta for the longest terms? 2. What does MARTA stand for? 3. Name 2 inventions that helped southern farmers. 4. What crop was more profitable in 1945- 1960? 5. Who was the father of aviation? 6. Hartsfield is home of what major airline company?

15 7. Who ended the rule that a black police officer could not arrest a white person? 8. Name 1 more good thing he did to help segregation. 9. What was the Peyton Road Affair? 10. What team did Allen bring to Atlanta?

16 Sidney Lanier: Ga Author The Marshes of Glynn

17 James Brown Godfather of Soul Godfather of Soul I Feel Good I Feel Good http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SzlpTRNI Avc

18 Otis Redding Sittin on the Dock Of the Bay http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8nA18g_PwG0

19 Ray Charles Georgia on my Mind http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ec6nFs3kRZQwww.youtube.com/watch?v=ec6nFs3kRZQ

20 Brenda Lee IM Sorry http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aiGPQVUJqq0

21 Gladys Knight I Head it through The Grapevine http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tf2gEA40Elgwww.youtube.com/watch?v=tf2gEA40Elg

22 Little Richard Tutti Fruitti http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gVWm9PQeYtE

23 Atlanta Braves When the Braves moved to Atlanta, they were the first professional sports team to be located in the South. When the Braves moved to Atlanta, they were the first professional sports team to be located in the South. In 1966, the Braves played its first season and in 1969, they won the Western Division of the National League. In 1966, the Braves played its first season and in 1969, they won the Western Division of the National League. One player, Hank Aaron, set the 1974 record for the most homeruns. One player, Hank Aaron, set the 1974 record for the most homeruns. In 1976, Ted Turner bought the Braves. Turner owned a cable network and wanted to play the teams games on his channel. This was the beginning of a well known television station, TBS. In 1976, Ted Turner bought the Braves. Turner owned a cable network and wanted to play the teams games on his channel. This was the beginning of a well known television station, TBS.

24 Through the 1980s, the Braves continued to play poorly. In 1991, the team hired new players and the season ended with the team winning the Western Division title. Through the 1980s, the Braves continued to play poorly. In 1991, the team hired new players and the season ended with the team winning the Western Division title. Through the early 1990s, the number of fans attending games rocketed to 3 million. Through the early 1990s, the number of fans attending games rocketed to 3 million. Finally, in 1995, the Braves won the World Series. It was the first national title for a Georgia team. Finally, in 1995, the Braves won the World Series. It was the first national title for a Georgia team. The Braves made it to the World Series two more times, in 1996 and 1999. Both times they lost to the New York Yankees. The Braves made it to the World Series two more times, in 1996 and 1999. Both times they lost to the New York Yankees.

25 Atlanta Falcons In 1965, the Atlanta Falcons football team joined the NFL. Rankin M. Smith of the Life Insurance Company of Georgia purchased the team for $8.5 million. In 1965, the Atlanta Falcons football team joined the NFL. Rankin M. Smith of the Life Insurance Company of Georgia purchased the team for $8.5 million. Like the Braves, the Falcons played their first game in 1966, at the Atlanta Stadium. Like the Braves, the Falcons played their first game in 1966, at the Atlanta Stadium. Throughout the 1970s the team was not strong, but in 1977, the team began to improve. Throughout the 1970s the team was not strong, but in 1977, the team began to improve. In 1998, they played in the Super Bowl, but lost. Since then, the team has continued to struggle for wins. In 1998, they played in the Super Bowl, but lost. Since then, the team has continued to struggle for wins. Today, Arthur Blank and Rich McKay of The Home Depot own the Falcons. Today, Arthur Blank and Rich McKay of The Home Depot own the Falcons.

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27 Atlanta Hawks The Hawks are an NBA team that moved to Atlanta in 1968 from St. Louis, Missouri. They play at the Philips Arena. The Hawks are an NBA team that moved to Atlanta in 1968 from St. Louis, Missouri. They play at the Philips Arena. Georgia real estate developer Thomas Cousin and former Georgia Governor Carl Sanders purchased the team for Atlanta. Georgia real estate developer Thomas Cousin and former Georgia Governor Carl Sanders purchased the team for Atlanta. In 1977, Ted Turner purchased the team and in 1980, the team won the Central Division Title. In 1977, Ted Turner purchased the team and in 1980, the team won the Central Division Title. The team is currently owned by Atlanta Spirit, a company with nine owners that also controls the Philips Arena. The team is currently owned by Atlanta Spirit, a company with nine owners that also controls the Philips Arena. The Hawks are currently coached by Mike Woodson, the teams tenth head coach since they moved to Atlanta in 1968. The Hawks are currently coached by Mike Woodson, the teams tenth head coach since they moved to Atlanta in 1968.

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29 Atlanta Thrashers The Atlanta Thrashers is a hockey team that plays in the NHL. The Atlanta Thrashers is a hockey team that plays in the NHL. The Thrashers came to Atlanta in 1999, when it was purchased by Ted Turner. The Thrashers came to Atlanta in 1999, when it was purchased by Ted Turner. Today, Atlanta Spirit owns the team. Atlanta Spirit bought the Hawks, Thrashers and Philips Arena for $250 million. Today, Atlanta Spirit owns the team. Atlanta Spirit bought the Hawks, Thrashers and Philips Arena for $250 million. The Thrasher have yet to have a winning season, but are very active in community service. The Thrasher have yet to have a winning season, but are very active in community service.

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31 Ellis Arnall (1907-1992) Arnall served as governor of Georgia from 1943-1947. During this time, Arnall aggressively reformed Georgia government and paid off the state debt. Arnall served as governor of Georgia from 1943-1947. During this time, Arnall aggressively reformed Georgia government and paid off the state debt. He was elected to represent Coweta County in the Georgia House of Representatives when he was just 25 years old. He was elected to represent Coweta County in the Georgia House of Representatives when he was just 25 years old. At 31, he was appointed Attorney General of the state, the youngest in the country at that time. At 31, he was appointed Attorney General of the state, the youngest in the country at that time.

32 In 1942, at 35 years old, Arnall defeated Eugene Talmadge and became governor, also the youngest in the nation. In 1942, at 35 years old, Arnall defeated Eugene Talmadge and became governor, also the youngest in the nation. Arnall worked to bring progressive reform to the state. Arnall worked to bring progressive reform to the state. He worked to restore accreditation to Georgias Universities. He also reformed the state prisons, tax system, and lowered the states voting age. He worked to restore accreditation to Georgias Universities. He also reformed the state prisons, tax system, and lowered the states voting age. Arnall also backed an unpopular liberal in the 1944 presidential election. Arnall also backed an unpopular liberal in the 1944 presidential election. Arnalls reforms also allowed black voters to vote in the states white-only primary elections. Courts had already ruled that such primaries were unconstitutional. Other states were avoiding enforcing this rule, but Arnall did not. Arnalls reforms also allowed black voters to vote in the states white-only primary elections. Courts had already ruled that such primaries were unconstitutional. Other states were avoiding enforcing this rule, but Arnall did not. Eugene Talmadge unseated Arnall in the next governors race. Eugene Talmadge unseated Arnall in the next governors race.

33 SS8H10 A,B,C QUIZ 1. Which statement BEST explains William B. Hartsfields importance on planes? 1. Which statement BEST explains William B. Hartsfields importance on planes? A. William Hartsfield enjoyed riding on planes. A. William Hartsfield enjoyed riding on planes. B. William Hartsfield was afraid to fly. B. William Hartsfield was afraid to fly. C. William Hartsfield worked to make planes safer. C. William Hartsfield worked to make planes safer. D. William Hartsfield was the father of aviation in Georgia. D. William Hartsfield was the father of aviation in Georgia. 2. Which statement BEST explains Ellis Arnalls political point of view? 2. Which statement BEST explains Ellis Arnalls political point of view? A. He was a conservative. A. He was a conservative. B. He was not a politician. B. He was not a politician. C. He was a progressive reformer. C. He was a progressive reformer. D. He was the founder of the progressive movement. D. He was the founder of the progressive movement. 3. Which even brought the only national championship win in Georgias professional 3. Which even brought the only national championship win in Georgias professional sports? sports? A. The World Series of 1995 A. The World Series of 1995 B. The Super Bowl of 1974 B. The Super Bowl of 1974 C. The NBA Championships of 1998 C. The NBA Championships of 1998 D. The Rose Bowl of 1983 D. The Rose Bowl of 1983 4. Ted Turner has owned: 4. Ted Turner has owned: A. The Braves and the Falcons A. The Braves and the Falcons B. The Falcons and the Hawks B. The Falcons and the Hawks C. The Braves and the Hawks C. The Braves and the Hawks D. The Falcons and the Thrashers D. The Falcons and the Thrashers


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