2 Transformation of Agriculture After WWII, Georgia soldiers returned from fighting, found state in middle of a rapid changeAgriculture was no longer the main economic activityPeople left farming for factories during the war, increasing the size of citiesThe demand for cotton fellPeanuts, soybeans, and corn were planted in place of cottonImproved farm machinery allowed fewer workers to farm larger areasThis sent more people to cities looking for jobsBy 1970, 60% of Georgia’s population lived in cities
3 Ellis ArnallEllis Arnall elected as Georgia’s governor in 1942, after Eugene TalmadgeArnall fixed the problems with Georgia’s colleges created by Talmadge, and created the board of corrections to oversee the prison systemHe abolished (got rid of) the poll tax and adopted a new state constitution in 1945When 18-years olds began to be drafted for WWII, he argued that anyone old enough to fight for their country should be able to voteHe helped Georgia become first state to allow 18-year olds to vote
4 The Development of Atlanta Atlanta became capital of the state in 1877After WWII, businesses moved into the stateThe population grew, as did the size of the cityOpportunities were improving for African-AmericansTransportation grew in the 1970sSeveral of Atlanta’s mayors contributed to this growthMajor league sports moved into Atlanta in the 1960sAtlanta grew into the financial, communication, and transportation center of the Southeast
5 Business in AtlantaBy 1954, around 800 new industries had appeared in AtlantaMany northern companies moved south because of the warmer climateThe growth of aviation also contributed to the growth of business in AtlantaBy end of the 1950s, Lockheed Martin (the former Bell Aircraft plant) was Georgia’s largest employer
6 Population GrowthMore people moved into Georgia as the invention of air conditioning made summers more comfortableGeorgia’s population grew to over 4.5 million by 1970Atlanta’s grew to over 1 million by 1970Atlanta went from being the 32nd largest city in the U.S. to the 23rdAfrican-Americans began moving back as better opportunities were becoming availableDiscrimination largely disappeared, schools were integrated, and economic opportunities improved
7 Transportation in Georgia Georgia had always benefited from its seaports and railroadsAfter WWII, aviation and interstate highways grewIn the early 1950s, a network of freeways and highways linked Atlanta with rest of the Southeast and other areas of the countryIn 1975, MARTA began building rail lines, beginning operations in 1979Atlanta’s airport began offering international flights in 1971
8 William B. HartsfieldHe served as Atlanta mayor for 24 years, fromEncouraged the growth of aviation and helped make Atlanta Southeast’s air travel hub (this is why the airport is named after him)He helped lead the city ahead in civil rights by hiring African-American police officers, integrating public places, and eventually public schools
9 Ivan Allen, Jr.Allen served as Atlanta’s mayor after Hartsfield, fromHe continued Hartsfield’s peaceful approach to integrationDuring his terms, Atlanta saw the growth of skyscrapers and became home to a number of major league sports teamsAlso pushed for MARTA to help improve transportation in Atlanta
10 Major League SportsIn the 1960s, Atlanta dreamed of being a “big league city” but didn’t have the facilitiesThe chance came in 1964, when the Milwaukee Braves promised to move to Atlanta if a new stadium was builtIn 1966, the Atlanta Braves began playing at Atlanta-Fulton County StadiumThat same year, the Atlanta Falcons began playing there as wellThe Atlanta Hawks soon followed in 1968These teams have helped raise the prestige of the city as well as earned millions of dollars in revenue for the city’s economy
11 Questions…1) What was no longer the main economic activity of Georgia after WWII?2) Why did people leave farms during WWII?3) How did this lead to the growth of cities?4) Who became governor in 1942?5) What did Arnall do with the poll tax while he was governor?6) During Arnall’s term, Georgia became the first state to do what?7) Why were northern companies moving to Georgia?8) Who was Georgia’s largest employer by the end of the 1950s?9) What invention led to population growth in Georgia?
12 Questions… 10) Why did African-Americans begin moving back after WWII? 11) What types of transportation systems grew after WWII?12) What industry did Hartsfield encourage while he was mayor of Atlanta?13) How did he lead the city in civil rights?14) While Allen was mayor, what grew up around Atlanta?15) What mayor saw major league sports teams move to Atlanta?16) Which teams played at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium?17) When did the Braves and Falcons begin playing here?18) How have sports teams helped the city?