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Post-World War II Developments in Georgia. Georgia After the WWII Georgia remained a farming state until after World War II, which ended in 1945. Georgia.

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Presentation on theme: "Post-World War II Developments in Georgia. Georgia After the WWII Georgia remained a farming state until after World War II, which ended in 1945. Georgia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Post-World War II Developments in Georgia

2 Georgia After the WWII Georgia remained a farming state until after World War II, which ended in Georgia remained a farming state until after World War II, which ended in The number of people living in the country remained about the same from 1920 to The number of people living in the country remained about the same from 1920 to In 1920, there were 2.1 million people living in rural areas. In 1920, there were 2.1 million people living in rural areas. In 1960, there were 1.98 million living in rural areas. In 1960, there were 1.98 million living in rural areas.

3 Georgia After the WWII By 1990, however, the Percentage of the population living in the country would drop to only a quarter of those in Georgia. By 1990, however, the Percentage of the population living in the country would drop to only a quarter of those in Georgia. Georgias cities had begun to grow. Georgias cities had begun to grow. Today, less than 2% of Georgians are involved with farmseither living on them or working on them. Today, less than 2% of Georgians are involved with farmseither living on them or working on them. Most Georgia farms sell less than $10,000 in products a year. Most Georgia farms sell less than $10,000 in products a year.

4 William B. Hartsfield William B. Hartsfield ( ) served as mayor of Atlanta for longer than any other mayor in the citys history-_six terms, from 1937 to William B. Hartsfield ( ) served as mayor of Atlanta for longer than any other mayor in the citys history-_six terms, from 1937 to During his tenure, Atlantas population multiplied by ten timesfrom 100,000 to 1 million. During his tenure, Atlantas population multiplied by ten timesfrom 100,000 to 1 million. Another important change was the laws governing people of color. Another important change was the laws governing people of color. Hartsfield promoted the idea of Atlanta as A City Too Busy to Hate. Hartsfield promoted the idea of Atlanta as A City Too Busy to Hate.

5 William B. Hartsfield Hartsfields political career began at the age of 32, when he was elected to the Atlanta City Council. Hartsfields political career began at the age of 32, when he was elected to the Atlanta City Council. There, he worked to build Atlantas aviation industry. There, he worked to build Atlantas aviation industry. At the time that he began this campaignin the l920speople did not yet fly on airplanes for travel as they do today. At the time that he began this campaignin the l920speople did not yet fly on airplanes for travel as they do today. In 1928, he was named Atlantas father of aviation by the Atlanta Chamber of Commerce. In 1928, he was named Atlantas father of aviation by the Atlanta Chamber of Commerce.

6 William B. Hartsfield In 1924, Hartsfield ran for the Georgia House of Representatives, but lost. In 1924, Hartsfield ran for the Georgia House of Representatives, but lost. He ran again in 1932 and was elected to represent Fulton County. He ran again in 1932 and was elected to represent Fulton County. In 1936, Hartsfield was elected as Atlantas mayor. In 1936, Hartsfield was elected as Atlantas mayor.

7 William B. Hartsfield The Great Depression had hurt Atlantas economy a great deal by that time. The Great Depression had hurt Atlantas economy a great deal by that time. He secured donations from Coca-Cola for the citys funding. He secured donations from Coca-Cola for the citys funding. Hartsfields strict budgeting helped the city recover from the Great Depression by Hartsfields strict budgeting helped the city recover from the Great Depression by 1938.

8 William B. Hartsfield Hartsfield was defeated as mayor in Hartsfield was defeated as mayor in However, when the U.S. joined World War II in 1941, the sitting mayor joined the military. However, when the U.S. joined World War II in 1941, the sitting mayor joined the military. A special election was held in 1942 and Hartsfield won again. A special election was held in 1942 and Hartsfield won again. He was elected in four more elections. He was elected in four more elections.

9 William B. Hartsfield In 1952, Atlanta tripled its size from 37 to 128 square miles, adding 100,000 people to its population. In 1952, Atlanta tripled its size from 37 to 128 square miles, adding 100,000 people to its population. Hartsfield presided over the construction of expressways and parks throughout the city. Hartsfield presided over the construction of expressways and parks throughout the city. In 1961, Hartsfield chose not to run for office again, and was named mayor emeritus of the city. In 1961, Hartsfield chose not to run for office again, and was named mayor emeritus of the city. He died in 1971, and the Atlanta airport was renamed in his honor. He died in 1971, and the Atlanta airport was renamed in his honor.

10 Ivan Allen, Jr. Ivan Allen, Jr. ( ) served in World War II. Ivan Allen, Jr. ( ) served in World War II. Then, he worked for the governor and then in his fathers business. Then, he worked for the governor and then in his fathers business. When Hartsfield left office, he won the following election and served as mayor from 1962 to When Hartsfield left office, he won the following election and served as mayor from 1962 to Many people thought Allen kept the city calm during the civil rights movement. Many people thought Allen kept the city calm during the civil rights movement.

11 Ivan Allen, Jr. As mayor, Allen was politically liberal. As mayor, Allen was politically liberal. When he took office, it was still common to see signs on public facilities, like water fountains, saying White Only. When he took office, it was still common to see signs on public facilities, like water fountains, saying White Only. Allens first act as mayor was to order these signs removed from City Hall. Allens first act as mayor was to order these signs removed from City Hall. Before he took office, black police officers could not arrest white people and there were no black firefighters. Before he took office, black police officers could not arrest white people and there were no black firefighters. Allen ended these rules. Allen ended these rules.

12 Ivan Allen, Jr. Allen worked with civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr. Allen worked with civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr. He was the only politician from the South to speak in favor of the Civil Rights Act in the U.S. Congress. He was the only politician from the South to speak in favor of the Civil Rights Act in the U.S. Congress. By 1964, AlIen was able to bring desegregation to all public facilities in Atlanta. By 1964, AlIen was able to bring desegregation to all public facilities in Atlanta.

13 Ivan Allen, Jr. Unfortunately, Allen was also mayor during the construction of a concrete wall intended to keep black people away from a white area. Unfortunately, Allen was also mayor during the construction of a concrete wall intended to keep black people away from a white area. This incident was called the Peyton Road Affair. This incident was called the Peyton Road Affair. The wall was later found to be unconstitutional and was torn down. The wall was later found to be unconstitutional and was torn down.

14 Ivan Allen, Jr. Allen worked to bring the Atlanta Braves to the city. Allen worked to bring the Atlanta Braves to the city. He worked to build the Atlanta Stadium for a team and then convinced the team to move from Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He worked to build the Atlanta Stadium for a team and then convinced the team to move from Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He also helped to bring major league football and basketball teams to the city in the late 1960s. He also helped to bring major league football and basketball teams to the city in the late 1960s.

15 Atlanta Braves When the Braves moved to Atlanta, they were the first professional sports team to be located in the South. When the Braves moved to Atlanta, they were the first professional sports team to be located in the South. In 1966, the baseball team played its first season. In 1966, the baseball team played its first season. In 1969, they won the Western Division of the National League. In 1969, they won the Western Division of the National League. Throughout the 1970s, however, the Braves continued to be one of the worst professional teams. Throughout the 1970s, however, the Braves continued to be one of the worst professional teams. One player, however, Hank Aaron, set the 1974 record for the most home runs, in front of a television audience of millions. One player, however, Hank Aaron, set the 1974 record for the most home runs, in front of a television audience of millions.

16 Atlanta Braves In 1976, entrepreneur and billionaire Ted Turner bought the Braves. In 1976, entrepreneur and billionaire Ted Turner bought the Braves. Turner owned a cable network and he wanted to play the teams games on his channel. Turner owned a cable network and he wanted to play the teams games on his channel. This was the beginning of the well known cable television station, TBS. This was the beginning of the well known cable television station, TBS. The station televised Braves games throughout the country. The station televised Braves games throughout the country.

17 Atlanta Braves Through the 1980s, the Braves continued to play poorly. Through the 1980s, the Braves continued to play poorly. In 1991, the team hired new players. In 1991, the team hired new players. The season ended with the team winning the Western Division title. The season ended with the team winning the Western Division title. Through the early 1990s, the numbers of fans attending games rocketed to 3 million. Through the early 1990s, the numbers of fans attending games rocketed to 3 million.

18 Atlanta Braves Finally, in 1995, the Braves won the World Series. Finally, in 1995, the Braves won the World Series. It was the first time a major league team in Georgia had won a national title. It was the first time a major league team in Georgia had won a national title. The Braves made it to the World Series two more times, in 1996 and The Braves made it to the World Series two more times, in 1996 and Both times, however, they lost to the New York Yankees. Both times, however, they lost to the New York Yankees.

19 Atlanta Falcons In 1965, the Atlanta Falcons football team joined the National Football League. In 1965, the Atlanta Falcons football team joined the National Football League. Rankin M. Smith of the Life Insurance Company of Georgia purchased the team for $8.5 million. Rankin M. Smith of the Life Insurance Company of Georgia purchased the team for $8.5 million.

20 Atlanta Falcons Like the Braves, the Falcons played their first game in 1966, at Atlanta Stadium. Like the Braves, the Falcons played their first game in 1966, at Atlanta Stadium. Through the mid-1970s, the Falcons were not a particularly strong team. Through the mid-1970s, the Falcons were not a particularly strong team. Beginning in 1977, the team began to improve. Beginning in 1977, the team began to improve. They reached the play-offs three times, but continued to play losing seasons through They reached the play-offs three times, but continued to play losing seasons through 1997.

21 Atlanta Falcons In 1998, they played in the Super Bowl for the first time, but lost. In 1998, they played in the Super Bowl for the first time, but lost. Since 1998, the team has continued to struggle for wins. Since 1998, the team has continued to struggle for wins. Today, Arthur Blank and Rich Mckay of The Home Depot own the Falcons. Today, Arthur Blank and Rich Mckay of The Home Depot own the Falcons.

22 Atlanta Hawks The Atlanta Hawks, a basketball team that plays in the National Basketball Association, moved to Atlanta in The Atlanta Hawks, a basketball team that plays in the National Basketball Association, moved to Atlanta in They play at the Philips Arena. They play at the Philips Arena. The team moved to Atlanta from St. Louis, Missouri. The team moved to Atlanta from St. Louis, Missouri.

23 Atlanta Hawks Georgia real estate developer Thomas Cousins and former Georgia Governor Carl Sanders purchased the team for Atlanta. Georgia real estate developer Thomas Cousins and former Georgia Governor Carl Sanders purchased the team for Atlanta. The team went through several seasons of unsuccessful play. The team went through several seasons of unsuccessful play. In 1977, Ted Turner purchased the team. In 1980, the team won the Central Division title. In 1977, Ted Turner purchased the team. In 1980, the team won the Central Division title.

24 Atlanta Hawks Although many players and coaches have strong records as individuals, the team has never won a major championship. Although many players and coaches have strong records as individuals, the team has never won a major championship. The Hawks are currently owned by Atlanta Spirit, a company with nine owners that also controls the Philips Arena, where they play. The Hawks are currently owned by Atlanta Spirit, a company with nine owners that also controls the Philips Arena, where they play. The Hawks are currently coached by Mike Woodson, the teams tenth head coach since the Hawks moved to Atlanta in The Hawks are currently coached by Mike Woodson, the teams tenth head coach since the Hawks moved to Atlanta in 1968.

25 Atlanta Thrashers The Atlanta Thrashers is a hockey team that plays in the National Hockey League. The Atlanta Thrashers is a hockey team that plays in the National Hockey League. It came to Atlanta in 1999 when it was purchased by Ted Turner. It came to Atlanta in 1999 when it was purchased by Ted Turner. Today, Atlanta Spirit owns the team. Atlanta Spirit bought the Hawks, the Thrashers, and the Philips Arena for $250 million. Today, Atlanta Spirit owns the team. Atlanta Spirit bought the Hawks, the Thrashers, and the Philips Arena for $250 million. The Thrashers played their 1st winning season in 2006 and are active in community service. The Thrashers played their 1st winning season in 2006 and are active in community service.

26 Ellis Arnall Ellis Arnall ( ) served as governor of Georgia from 1943 to Ellis Arnall ( ) served as governor of Georgia from 1943 to During his tenure, Arnall aggressively reformed Georgia government and paid off the state debt. During his tenure, Arnall aggressively reformed Georgia government and paid off the state debt.

27 Ellis Arnall He was elected to represent Coweta County in the Georgia House of Representatives when he was just 25 years old. He was elected to represent Coweta County in the Georgia House of Representatives when he was just 25 years old. At only 31, he was appointed attorney general of the state, the youngest attorney general in the country at that time. At only 31, he was appointed attorney general of the state, the youngest attorney general in the country at that time. In 1942, at the age of just 35, Arnall defeated Eugene Talmadge and became governor, also the youngest in the nation. In 1942, at the age of just 35, Arnall defeated Eugene Talmadge and became governor, also the youngest in the nation.

28 Ellis Arnall Arnall worked to bring progressive reform to the state. Arnall worked to bring progressive reform to the state. Georgias universities had fallen out of accreditation, which Arnall worked to restore. Georgias universities had fallen out of accreditation, which Arnall worked to restore. He also reformed the state prisons, tax system, and constitution and lowered the states voting age. He also reformed the state prisons, tax system, and constitution and lowered the states voting age. Arnall also backed a liberal candidate who was unpopular in Georgia, in the 1944 presidential election. Arnall also backed a liberal candidate who was unpopular in Georgia, in the 1944 presidential election.

29 Ellis Arnall In addition Arnalls reforms allowed black voters to vote in the states white-only Primary elections. In addition Arnalls reforms allowed black voters to vote in the states white-only Primary elections. Court rulings had already held that such primaries were unconstitutional. Court rulings had already held that such primaries were unconstitutional. Other states had avoided enforcing such rulings, but Arnall did not. Other states had avoided enforcing such rulings, but Arnall did not. The politically powerful Eugene Talmadge unseated Arnall in the next governors race. The politically powerful Eugene Talmadge unseated Arnall in the next governors race.

30 Summary Analyze the impact of the transformation of agriculture on Georgias growth. Analyze the impact of the transformation of agriculture on Georgias growth. Explain how the development of Atlanta, including the roles of mayors William B. Hartsfield and Ivan Allen, Jr., and major league sports, contributed to the growth of Georgia. Explain how the development of Atlanta, including the roles of mayors William B. Hartsfield and Ivan Allen, Jr., and major league sports, contributed to the growth of Georgia. What impact did Ellis Arnall have on Georgia? What impact did Ellis Arnall have on Georgia?


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