Presentation on theme: "Change & Continuity Over Time"— Presentation transcript:
1Change & Continuity Over Time How to Write the Essay!Change & Continuity Over Time
2PurposeTo evaluate your ability to analyze historical changes and continuities that have shaped events, social, political, economic developments in history and ability to gauge your analysis of global processes.This is really a high-level analysis of history.
4What You Do in the EssayThis essay question deals specifically with analysis of continuities and changes over time covering at least one of the periods (or over a significant period of time) in the course outline. It addresses, for example, technology, trade, culture, migrations, or environment.The continuity and change over time questions require analysis of process and explanation of causation with specific examples.
5What must you do! Change Recognize it as it occurs in history. Identify & Understand the causes of changeContinuityRecognize factors which remain the same throughout an entire periodIdentify & Understand factors which allow this to continue
6Change Over TimeMust discuss, utilize concrete detail and analyze changes that occurred relevant to the prompt and correctly!If the prompt discusses command terms (social and political) you need to focus on political and social changes.If your prompt is more vague, you need to think of aspects to base your analysisBy the end of the course we will have regional CCOT charts!
7ContinuitiesThe prompt also asks you to address continuities, generally these are patterns or tendencies that remain the same for years and years.You need to have concrete detail (facts) to back up your continuities.
9Process the Prompt Read the question Determine List the Continuities “What” – topic“Who” – society or region“When” – parameter of datesList the ContinuitiesBuild a timeline for Changelist events for the topicBeginning, middle, end
10Draw your Essay Circle on your Paper! Your PromptAnalyze the political transformation that occurred from 622 CE through 1258 in Western Asia and the Muslim World.Draw your Essay Circle on your Paper!
15Organize your Paragraphs You can choose several ways to organize the essay.Period ApproachBeginningMiddleEndTopic ApproachPoliticalSocialTechnological, etcI would choosePeriod approach for the Changes and add a Continuity Paragraph to the essay.
16Thesis!While _________ stayed the same, in the period from _______ to __________,_________ changed from __________ to____________ and _________ changedfrom _________ to __________,This is a sample….not the best thesis!!
17Better Thesis(es) Unacceptable: Acceptable Excellent: Islam as a political structure both changed and stayed the same during this period.Islam was the main religion until today.AcceptableFrom Islam became the main focus for politics in Western Asia and North Africa, however it went from unity to fragmentation.Excellent:While Islam became the foundation for political structure in Western Asia, North Africa and Al-Andalus from , it varied from unity to fragmentation due to fractures from power legitimization and takeover.
18Change & Continuity Words Change WordsContinuity Wordsnow before gradually until that time Later up to that time Eventually formerly immediately as things evolved at once in the century at this point over time Next ironically afterward previously sooncarry on persistent Proceed sustained Stay enduring Persist ongoing Remain constant Unceasing sustained Preserve maintained Retain uphold
20Introduction Background Information Thesis Write 2-3 sentence to set up the time periodThesisPut your excellent thesis at the end of the paragraphUse your change and continuity words
211st Body Paragraph Change Paragraph Topic sentence Set up characteristics at beginning of time periodUse specific examples and dates - evidenceDescribe examples of significant changes, turning points, or developmentsAnalyze (give reasons) why each of these changes occurredSet up characteristics at end of periodDescribe the global context
222nd Body Paragraph Continuity Paragraph Topic sentence Give specific examples of continuities (related to topic) in the time periodGive reasons (analyze) why these continuities occurredDescribe the global context for the continuities
23Conclusion Restate Thesis Show that you have proved your case Summarize the basic trends of the time period as related to the question
25Thesis 1 pt Has an acceptable thesis. Must be explicitly stated in the introduction or conclusion ofthe essay.May appear as 1 sentence or as multiple (contiguous) sentences.May not be split among separated sentences, or a mere restatement of the question.
26Addresses Part of the Question 2 pts – 1 ptAddresses all parts of the question, though not necessarily evenly or thoroughlyFor 2 Points: Address BOTH change AND continuity.Addresses most parts of the question: for example, addresses change but not continuity.)1 ptFor 1 Point: Address EITHER change OR continuity.
27Evidence2ptsSubstantiates thesis with appropriate historical evidence. 2 ptsProvides 6 pieces of accurate evidence of change and/or continuity.evidence for continuity or change must be related to topic of questionat least 1 piece of evidence must be a continuity, and at least 1 must be a change.
28Evidence1 ptPartially substantiates thesis with appropriate historical evidence. 1 ptProvides 3 pieces of accurate evidence of change and/or continuity.evidence for continuity or change must be related to question topic.
29Global Context1 pt.Uses relevant world historical context effectively to explain continuity and change over time. 1 ptProvides accurate and relevant world historical context for either change or continuity.This context may relate to broad world historical patterns or to specific global historical developments.
30Analysis1 pt.Analyzes the process of continuity and change over time. 1 ptAnalyze (with accuracy and specificity) the causes and/or effects of either change or continuity during the time period.Analysis may NOT count as the thesis point.Analysis “Cue” Wordsbecause caused / caused byled tocame fromin order todue to
31Expanded Core Expands beyond basic core of 1–7 points. The basic core score of 7 must be achieved before a student can earn expanded core points
32Expanded Core Examples Has a clear, analytical, and comprehensive thesis.Addresses all parts of the question (as relevant): global context, chronology, causation, change, continuity, effects, contentProvides ample historical evidence to substantiate thesis.Provides links with relevant ideas, events and trends in an innovative wayAddresses all parts of the question evenly