2Change and Continuity Show both in essay. You will usually see more change than continuity.Examine all aspects of the civilization or group you are discussing.
3Read the QuestionMake sure you understand what the question is asking.Are there specific aspects of the civilization or group you are to address? (social, political, economic)What are the time period parameters given in the question?
4Rubric Thesis that addresses issues and time period. Address all parts of the question.Back up your thesis with historical evidence. This is the meat of your essay.Show the change or continuity by discussing historical context. What happened in the world to cause the change/continuity?Analyze the process of continuity and change. Break it down into parts and explain. How do you get from point A to Z? Explain B-Y.
5CCOT Formula Paragraph one: Thesis Time period, region, global issue, continuities and changes (based on SPRITEM, pick three)Could also include the World Historical Context here – what are the big picture things happening across the regions specified during that time period?Paragraph Five:ConclusionAnalysis of the process of the continuity and change over time (why things changed and why they stayed the same)If this hadn’t been done in previous two paragraphs
6CategoricalCategory #1 (Social)Global ContextChanges, Continuities, and analysis RGCCategory #2 (Economic)Changes, Continuities, analysis vis á vis RGCCategory #3 (Political)Changes, Continuities, and analysis vis á visRGC
7Essay Outline Introduction Paragraph Well written thesis that address all issues discussed in the question and the time periodBe specific. What are the changes? What are the continuities?Pick 3 issues/aspects to discuss if none are provided in the question.
8Essay Outline Second Paragraph Addresses first issue (change and continuity) from beginning of time period to the end of time periodTopic sentence for the paragraphAt least four other sentences in which you give historical evidence to back up the thesis, explain historical context and analyze the process of change.Will show a change or continuity
9Essay Outline Third Paragraph Addresses second issue (a change and continuity) from beginning of time period to the end of time periodTopic SentenceAt least four other sentences in which you give historical evidence to back up the thesis, explain historical context and analyze the process of changeWill show a change or continuity
10Essay Outline Fourth Paragraph Addresses third issue (a change and continuity) from beginning of time period to the end of time periodTopic SentenceAt least four other sentences in which you give historical evidence to back up the thesis, explain historical context and analyze the process of changeWill show a change or continuity
11Essay Outline Conclusion Paragraph Restates the thesis in a different waySums up the change/continuity of the issues addressedIf the body of your essay is all change, but you have one continuity, you can put it in the conclusion. (and vice versa)
12General Rules for Essays Never, never, never use first person!No I, Me, or WeDo NOT write, “In this essay…”. Never refer to your essay in your essay.Do NOT write, “I think” or “In my opinion”. No one cares about your opinion. State ideas as fact. You will be providing evidence to back up what you say.
13Analyze at least 1 reason for a change or continuity for each country or time period the prompt specifiesDon’t just describe the change, spend some time explaining why the change/continuity occurredMost effective if you use a cause & effect chain“________ occurred because. ____ is significant because….”Support the thesis with relevant historical factsContrast change against either the starting point or something that didn’t change
142007 CCOT: “Analyze major changes and continuities in the formation of national identities in ONE of the regions listed below from 1914 to the present. Be sure to include evidence from specific countries in the region selected.Middle EastSoutheast AsiaSub-Saharan AfricaUse the time periods as your organizing principle
15Thesis:“There were many changes and continuities in the formation of national identities in the Middle East from 1914 to the present.”“From 1914 to present day, the borders of Middle East nations have stayed the same while the ideals with have changed until national identities were formed.”“From 1914 to the present, there was a growth in national identities in the region of Sub-Saharan Africa. Ghana is a key example of the growth of Negritude in the region. A continuity for discussion is that most of the region remained in a state of poverty.”Just repeats ?; be more specificHas a chg & a cont but it is wrong; borders have changed.All true– cont is related to national identity = AP!