Presentation on theme: "Writing the Comparative Essay"— Presentation transcript:
1Writing the Comparative Essay AP World HistoryWriting the Comparative Essay
2Foundations comparison essay Compare and contrast the use of technology and the dynamics of trade in TWO of the following regions for the periods mentioned:China during the Qin and Han Dynasties( 3rd century BCE to 3rd century CE)The Mediterranean Basin during the Roman Empire( 1st century BCE to 4th century CE)
3Foundations essaysCompare the political and social structures of two early civilizations, using any two of the following:MesopotamiaEgyptIndus ValleyShang DynastyMesoamerican and Andean South America
4Foundations EssayCompare the role of women in TWO of the following belief systems:BuddhismChristianityConfucianismHinduism
5Foundations EssayCompare Hinduism with Confucianism in regard to their role in creating a social hierarchy within their respective societies
6Topics commonly in comparative essays come from the “six themes” of World history Technological advances and developmentsSocial and economic impact of warfareGender issues and treatment of minority populationsEvolution of political systems and structuresInternational trade and exchangeLabor systems, trademigrations
7Focus of comparative essays Broad patterns of historical development that affect all societies throughout historyBalance the similarities and differences.Use the five paragraph essay format
8General tips for essay writing Develop a thesis and state it clearlyYour thesis must be explicit!Write a short introductory paragraphYour thesis statement can be more than one sentence.Students usually put their thesis statement in the introductory paragraph
9General Tips Continued Read the directions and follow them closely- each essay has its own specific rules and rubric for evaluation of the essay.Look at the prompt’s key verb:Defend or refute, Assess the validity of.. Evaluate, describe, discuss, or detail, analyze or examine, compare and contrast
10More General tips Write neatly and clearly. Divide your essay into paragraphs and clearly indent themTurn in an answer of an appropriate lengthQuantity does not mean quality!Two full pages-minimum lengthReread your essay if time permits
11Writing the comparative essay Compare / contrast how two or more civilizations / nations have undergone or have responded to a historical event.Some comparison essays offer students a choice: Which regions to compare?—pick those regions that you know the most facts about and relate them to the question
12Look out for “Big Picture” ideas and themes as we cover the time periods of history How different societies responded to each other or other societies or events.How different societies changed—or didn’t change—in response to some eventHow different societies developedHow different societies responded to new technologies or new ideas.
13Writing Tips You have 40 minutes to write your essay. Spend 5-10 minutes organizing your ideas and planning.Make sure that you have read the prompt at least two or more timesYou must answer all parts of the prompt to get full credit on your essayWrite only direct comparisons!
14Analyze the Reason(s) for the Similarities and / or differences State clearly in your essay the reasons why the similarities or differences existed in the societies being compared / contrasted.Listing the items in common or the differences is not enough to earn the core point for analysis
15Show both similarities and differences in your essay The comparison essay asks: what is the same and what is different between two or more regionsPut as many facts as possible in your body paragraphs. Fact must be relevant and pertain to the regions being comparedWeave comparisons within each paragraph
16Using comparative words You should use plenty of comparative words as logical connections between the regions. The most commonly used words are:ALSO, AS WELL AS, FURTHERMORE, LIKEWISE, ON THE OTHER HAND, HOWEVER, TO THE CONTRARYWrite paragraphs in which BOTH regions are discussed together.
17Don’t do the following!Favor one region to the exclusion of the other.Mention facts that are not focused on the topic or questionDiscuss each region in isolationDo not rewrite the essay prompt when writing your thesis or write a thesis that states: “ There are many similarities and differences between ….
18Generic Scoring Guide: Basic core- up to 7 points Has an acceptable thesis- 1 pointAddresses all parts of the question- 2 pointsAddresses most parts of the question- 1 pointSubstantiates thesis with appropriate historical evidence- 2 pointsPartially substantiates thesis with appropriate historical evidence.- 1 pointMakes at least two relevant, direct comparisons between or among societies- 1 pointAnalyzes at least ONE reason for a similarity or difference identified in a direct comparison.- 1 point
19Generic Scoring Guide: Expanded Core:1- 2 bonus points Analytical thesisAddresses all parts of the question and includes- comparisons, chronology, causation, connections to today, themes, interactions etcAmple historical evidence to support the thesisRelates comparisons to the larger global perspectiveMakes several DIRECT comparisons consistently between or among societiesAnalyzes the causes and effects of the relevant similarities and differences.
20The learning curve Study and memorize your rubric We will practice writing comparative essays all year and by the end of this semester, you will be able to write a good essay!By the end of second semester, you will be writing timed essays.