Presentation on theme: "History of Environmental Movement in the U.S.. The first people of North America (25K years ago) Native American peoples mostly hunters/gatherers little."— Presentation transcript:
History of Environmental Movement in the U.S.
The first people of North America (25K years ago) Native American peoples mostly hunters/gatherers little mass agriculture kept population in check culture had great respect for nature
Exploitation Years ( ) First colonists brought with them 3 symbolic items: axe plow gun Manifest Destiny: westward expansion, resource exploitation was Gods will.
Exploitation Years Myth of superabundance Examples: wildlife resources- buffalo forests- Wisconsin prairies- Cattle Barons, Sod Busters
Early Leaders in Conservation Henry David Thoreau- Walden Pond, called for preservation of environment George Perkins Marsh- Man and Nature, called for conservation of environment. John Wesley Powell- Grand Canyon Creation of Yellowstone Park (1872)
Conservation Years 1900-WWII
Early Leaders in Conservation John Muir- president of Sierra Club. 1st private conservation organization. Gifford Pinchot- 1st chief forester. Brought scientific forestry to practice. Teddy Roosevelt ( )- avid outdoorsman, hunter, 1st president to call for conservation of the environment.
FDR, The New Deal, and Conservation Initiatives Tennessee Valley Autority (TVA)- dams and other power services Soil Conservation Service Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)- many conservation projects, put thousands of unemployed men to work Eastern National Forests Created
The Environmental Era (1950-present)
Aldo Leopold Park Service employee Professor of Forestry at UW- Madison Wrote A Sand County Almanac Developed an Environmental Ethic We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us. When we see land as a community to which we belong, we may begin to use it with love and respect.
The 1960s Racism and Civil Rights Santa Barbara Oil Spill Cuyahoga River burns for 3 days Space flight, our 1st pictures of a finite Earth
Significant Environmental Legislation Wilderness Act (1964)- permanent preservation of designated wild lands Wild and Scenic Rivers Act (1968) National Environmental Policy Act (1969)- created the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) The Clean Air Act (1970)- greatly expanded protection of air
Significant Environmental Legislation The Clean Water Act (1972)- protection of all surface water in US Endangered Species Act (1973)- identify and protect endangered species Superfund (1980)- established rules for disposal of hazardous waste, punishment for illegal dumping
Permanent Protection for the Environment The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WDNR) handouts