6Early Leaders in Conservation Henry David Thoreau- Walden Pond, called for “preservation” of environmentGeorge Perkins Marsh- Man and Nature, called for “conservation” of environment.John Wesley Powell- Grand CanyonCreation of Yellowstone Park (1872)
8Early Leaders in Conservation John Muir- president of Sierra Club. 1st private conservation organization.Gifford Pinchot- 1st chief forester. Brought scientific forestry to practice.Teddy Roosevelt ( )- avid outdoorsman, hunter, 1st president to call for conservation of the environment.
9FDR, The “New Deal”, and Conservation Initiatives Tennessee Valley Autority (TVA)- dams and other power servicesSoil Conservation ServiceCivilian Conservation Corps (CCC)- many conservation projects, put thousands of unemployed men to workEastern National Forests Created
14Aldo Leopold Park Service employee Professor of Forestry at UW- MadisonWrote “A Sand County Almanac”Developed an “Environmental Ethic”“We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us. When we see land as a community to which we belong, we may begin to use it with love and respect.”
16The 1960’s Racism and Civil Rights Santa Barbara Oil Spill Cuyahoga River burns for 3 daysSpace flight, our 1st pictures of a finite Earth
17Significant Environmental Legislation Wilderness Act (1964)- permanent preservation of designated wild landsWild and Scenic Rivers Act (1968)National Environmental Policy Act (1969)- created the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)The Clean Air Act (1970)- greatly expanded protection of air
18Significant Environmental Legislation The Clean Water Act (1972)- protection of all surface water in USEndangered Species Act (1973)- identify and protect endangered speciesSuperfund (1980)- established rules for disposal of hazardous waste, punishment for illegal dumping
19Permanent Protection for the Environment The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WDNR)handouts