Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Environmental History: An Overview

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Environmental History: An Overview"— Presentation transcript:

1 Environmental History: An Overview
Chapter 2

2 Key Concepts Four Major “Revolutions” in Human Culture U.S. Environmental History Tribal and Frontier Era Early Conservation Era The Environmental Era Aldo Leopold’s Land Ethic

3 Cultural Changes and the Environment: Hunter-Gatherer Culture
Hunter-gatherers Nomadic: seasonal movement Limited and local environmental impact Generally work with natural processes

4 Cultural Changes and the Environment: The Agricultural Revolution
Agriculture Slash and burn/ shifting cultivation (See Fig. 2-3 p. 25) Essentially sustainable resource use Increased environmental impact Refer to Connections on p. 26

5 Cultural Changes and the Environment: The Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution (mid-1700’s) Shift to dependence on non-renewable resources Dramatic increase in environmental impact Refer to Connections on p. 27

6 Information Revolution
Cultural Changes and the Environment: The Information Revolution/Globalization Information Revolution Rate of information increase and speed of communication Globalization Decrease in cultural diversity

7 Effect of Cultural Changes on Human Population Size
Number of Humans ? Continued growth Population stabilization crash (10,000 years) (100,000 years) (1 million years) Tool-making revolution Agricultural revolution Industrial and information revolutions Time Fig. 2.2, p. 24

8 Environmental History of the United States: The Tribal and Frontier Eras
Tribal Era: Native Americans Native Americans generally low-impact hunter-gather or agricultural societies Frontier Environmental Worldview: European Settlement ( ) Significant impact as wilderness frontier was “tamed”

9 Environmental History of the United States: The Early Conservation Era
Period: Concern over resource use Preservation of public lands Public health initiatives Environmental restoration projects

10 Important Figures During The Early Conservation Era
Henry David Thoreau George Perkins Marsh John Muir Theodore Roosevelt Alice Hamilton Franklin Roosevelt

11 Henry David Thoreau American author, poet, abolitionist, naturalist.
his book Walden – simple living in natural surroundings

12 George Perkins Marsh America's first environmentalist
Man and Nature - constituted an early work of ecology Deforestation could lead to desertification.

13 John Muir Scottish-born American naturalist
Advocated preservation of wilderness in the US He petitioned the U.S. Congress for the National Park Bill that was passed in 1899

14 First woman appointed to the faculty of Harvard University
Pioneer in toxicology Critic of adding tetraethyl lead to gasoline.

15 Environmental History of the United States: The Environmental Era
Period: The environmental movement The science of ecology Spaceship Earth worldview 1980’s: anti-environmental movement 1990’s: environmental awareness

16 Important Figures During The Environmental Era
Rachel Carson: Silent Spring (1962) (See Individuals Matter on p. 36) Richard Nixon: EPA; ESA Jimmy Carter: DOE, Superfund Ronald Reagan: anti-environmentalist Bill Clinton: environmental concerns a priority

17 Case Study: Aldo Leopold and His Land Ethic
Individuals are interdependent Ethics: respect for land Shift from conqueror to member Problems arise when land viewed as a commodity Preservation of the integrity, stability, and beauty of land is right

Download ppt "Environmental History: An Overview"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google