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CHAPTER 19 PROTISTA. Protists All Eukaryotes (Domain Eukarya) Most unicellular, some multicellular, some colonial (volvox) Autotroph or heterotroph Some.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 19 PROTISTA. Protists All Eukaryotes (Domain Eukarya) Most unicellular, some multicellular, some colonial (volvox) Autotroph or heterotroph Some."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 19 PROTISTA

2 Protists All Eukaryotes (Domain Eukarya) Most unicellular, some multicellular, some colonial (volvox) Autotroph or heterotroph Some have chloroplasts Some have cell walls of cellulose

3 Classifcation Classified by what they are not rather than what they are By their method of obtaining nutrition Eukaryotes that do not belong to the plant, animal, or fungi kingdom

4 Categories of Classification How they obtain nutrition: Animal-Like – ex. Ameobas Plantlike – ex. Green algae Funguslike – ex. Mildew Table 19.1 (p.543)

5 Animal-Like Protists Like animals: Heterotrophs - (this means?) Why are they not in the animal kingdom? Unlike animals: These are unicellular whereas organisms in the animal kingdom are multicellular

6 Plantlike Protists Like plants: Autotrophs - make own food through photosynthesis Unlike plants: Mostly unicellular Do not have roots, leaves, or other typical plant structures

7 Fuguslike Protists Like Fungus: Absorb their nutrients from other decaying organisms Unlike Fungus: Cell walls are different These do not have chitin in their cell walls (Fungi do)

8 Environment Found in damp or aquatic environments

9 Diverse Kingdom These organisms do not fit into the other kingdom categories This way they can still be classified in an organized fashion

10 Animal-Like Protists (protozoans) Classified by how they move Cilia Pseudopod Sporozoans Flagella

11 Cilia Short, hair-like projections (Fig. 19.4) Used: To propel themselves through water To move food particles into the cell

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13 Amoebas Use a pseudopod to surround a smaller organism, forming a food vacuole Oxygen and waste products diffuse in and out of the cell Fig (p.550)

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15 Plantlike Protists Algae Do not have roots, leaves or other structures typical of plants Fig

16 Plantlike Protists Euglena Have plantlike and animal-like characteristics Usually contain chloroplasts and photosynthesize Are green in color Fig

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18 Volvox An alga that has a colonial growth pattern Grows as a colony May include hundreds or even thousands of cells that form a hollow ball Fig (p.558)

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20 Uses of Algae Food source for animals and people Very nutritious due to high protein content, minerals, and vitamins Table 19.2 (p.559)

21 Where Algae Live Why must algae live at or near the surface of the water?

22 Funguslike Protists - Slime Molds Use spores to reproduce Feed on decaying organic matter Absorb nutrients through their cell walls Found in damp, shady places Cell walls usually contain cellulose NEVER chitin (like true Fungi)


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