6 1. Animal Like Protists (protozoans) Animal like protists are heterotrophsEat bacteria, other protists, non-living organic matterLack cell wallLive in most aquatic environments & some in body fluids
7 Protozoans are broken down into different groups by how they move. ZooflagellatesUse flagella to moveCiliatesHave cilia to moveOr feedPseudopods“false foot”Use cytoplasm to move
8 Examples of Protozoans Paramecium:Cilliate found in pondsStentorCiliate that uses cilia around mouth to feed.PlasmodiumProtozoan that causes malariaGiardiaZooflagellate that can lead to giardiasis.
9 Fungus Like Protists Decomposers Obtain energy from breaking down dead organic matterCell wall made of cellulose and not chitinExamples:Slime molds
10 Plant Like Protists Autotrophs Obtain energy through photosynthesis All contain chloroplast to photosynthesizeCan be single celledEuglena: Flagellate that uses an eyespot to detect light. When light is not present it can become heterotrophicPlant Like Protists
11 Plant Like Protists Colonial: volvox Several single celled plant like protist that live and function together.Euglena have both characteristics of plants and animals
12 Fungus Kingdom 2nd kingdom of eukaryotes Characterized by decomposition
13 Parts of a fungi Reproductive Structure Hyphae Mycelium Part above ground that is seen.Used to characterize the fungusHyphaeCytoplasmic threads with chitin cell wallsMyceliumMat of hyphae underground
14 Mycelium carry out the decomposition process. Absorptive nutritionMycelium release enzymes to break down material and then absorbs the digested material
15 How do Fungi Reproduce? Spores: Released into the air or water to allow fungi to reproduce asexuallyAble to withstand harsh, dry environmental conditions.
16 Types of Fungi Club fungi Mold Yeast Typical mushrooms Imperfect fungi Only reproduce asexually
17 Roles of Fungus Help with decomposition and adding nutrients to soil. LICHENFungus and algae1st to grow on rocks and help to create soilMycorrhizaeFungus increases the surface area of plant rootsFoodCheese, bread, beer
18 Roles of Fungi Disease Athletes foot yeast infections dutch elm diseasechytrid fungus.