Presentation on theme: "Communication The creation of meaning"— Presentation transcript:
1CommunicationThe creation of meaningThrough color, space, time, use of verbal and nonverbal symbols, gestures, tone of voice, posture, and appearance.A dynamic process whereby a sender relays a message to a receiver through a channel
2Components & Variables of the Communication Process ReceiverSenderMessageChannelCommunication SkillsAttitudeKnowledgeSocial SystemCultureSightTasteTouchSmellHearingContentStructureTreatmentCodeCommunication SkillsAttitudeKnowledgeSocial SystemCulture
3Models of Communication Linear communication model – does not include feedback S M C RCircular communication model – includes feedback and shows that a comm. Is both sender and receiver.MCS/RR/S
4Barriers to Communication Bypassing (misinterpreting symbols/ messages stimuli)A. Context (setting where communication occurs) influences perception and message interpretationChannel or Medium (the verbal or non verbal method the sender selects to convey the message).A. Possible to send mixed messages
5Barriers to Communication (Cont.) Field of experienceA. knowledge of subject may differAudienceA. hostile and does not accept your ideasB. passive and does not respondC. active and responds readilyPhysical barriersA. audience can not see/ hear
6Communication Situations Intrapersonal- talking silently to one’s self1. Enables you to think through what you are going to say2. Enables you to organize how you’re going to say it3. Enables you to plan to respond to an opposing idea (counter/ignore the idea)
7Communication Situations (Cont.) Interpersonal- a direct interchange between 2 or more individuals. Both sender and receiver are actively involved in communication process using dialogue. Audience is spontaneous (immediate feedback)
8Communication Situations (Cont.) Levels of interpersonalPhatic communion- consists of clichés and small talk. Intended to convey very little info.Reporting facts- person gives facts as he/she sees them. Response is compared to your own attitudes and values.Presenting ideas and opinions- person shares thoughts and reveals opinions.
9Communication Situations (Cont.) Sharing feelings and emotions- function is to deal with attitudes about people with whom you communicate. Expressing appreciation for others and the things they do for you.Peak communication – a total sharing, understanding and acceptance of what a person says. Very rare.
10C. PUBLIC COMMUNICATION Speaker aims at reaching a larger audience as receivers. Speaker has little idea who is in the audience and what their beliefs, values, attitudes are. Audience analysis is critical. Passive response from audience.
11D. MASS COMMUNICATION enables a communicator to transmit the same message to thousands simultaneously. Contact with the audience is indirect. Feedback is in the form of polls, ratings, surveys. Examples of mass communication: tv, radio, books, movies, pamphlets.
12Improving Comm. Skills1. Be aware of feedback (verbal – nonverbal) make adjustments to make meaning clear and correctly interpreted by explaining differently, giving examples, simplifying, or elaborating2. Use language that is understood by listeners. Explain new/unfamiliar words/terms.3. Be aware of physical barriers. Speak loud enough to be heard. Seat audience appropriately
13Panel discussion- linear seating Group discussion- circular seating4. Take attitude differences into consideration as you present ideas5. Understand your strengths and weaknesses. Practice listening.6. Ask questions