15 Voting Voting is a basic responsibility of citizenship. Voter registration is required before a citizen may vote.The number of citizens who register and vote is related to how important election issues are to citizens. (Presidential elections have high voter registration and turnout!)
17 Voter RegistrationMost states have their own requirements to register and Virginia is no exception. Regardless of where you are though, registering to vote is one of the easiest ways United States citizens can participate in democracy.
18 What are the requirements for voter registration In Virginia? Qualifications to register to vote in a primary or general election:Must be a citizen of the United States.Resident of Virginia and precinct (Area where you vote)Must be 18 years old by the day of the general election
19 Where can you register to vote? THE DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES (DMV)THE REGISTRAR’S OFFICEBY MAILReminder:Voter registration closes22 days before elections.Don’t forget to register!
20 What factors influence voter registration and turnout?
21 EducationThe more education a person has the more likely they are to vote!
22 AgeThe older a citizen is the more likely they will vote during all elections.
23 IncomeThe higher the income level of a person the more likely they are to vote.
24 Reasons why citizens fail to vote Lack of interestFailure to register
26 What elections have the largest voter turnout? The percentage of voters who participate in presidential elections is usually greater than the percentage of voters who participate in state and local elections.
27 Every vote is important! Remember!Every vote is important!
28 How can students under 18 participate in the democratic process?
29 Can’t vote due to age, no problem! Student participation in the democratic process can includeparticipating in campaignsparticipating in classroom and online simulations.
31 Political PartiesA two-party system characterizes the American political process.Political parties play a key role in government and provide opportunities for citizens to participate in the political process.Although third parties rarely win elections, they can play an important role in public politics.
32 Democratic PartyThe now-famous Democratic donkey was first associated with Democrat Andrew Jackson's 1828 presidential campaign. His opponents called him a donkey, and Jackson decided to use the image of the strong-willed animal on his campaign posters. Later, cartoonist Thomas Nast used the Democratic donkey in newspaper cartoons and made the symbol famous.Democrats today say the donkey is smart and brave.
33 Republican PartyThomas Nast invented another famous symbol, the Republican elephant. In a cartoon that appeared in Harper's Weekly in 1874, Nast drew a donkey clothed in lion's skin, scaring away all the animals at the zoo. One of those animals, the elephant, was labeled The Republican Vote. That's all it took for the elephant to become associated with the Republican Party.Republicans say the elephant is strong and dignified.
34 Third Parties Introduce new ideas. Usually are only focused on one main idea.Can have an impact on the outcomes of elections; however have never won a presidential election.Often revolve around a strong political personality such as Theodore Roosevelt and the Bull Moose Party.
36 Similarities of Political parties While they may have different beliefs in regards to government, political parties operate in similar ways.Among them are:Organize to win electionsInfluence public policiesReflect both liberal and conservative viewsDefine themselves in a way that wins majority support by appealing to the political center
39 Reflect both liberal and conservative views Candidates for political office typically hold many views that can not always put them as solely conservative or solely liberal.Former Senator Joe Lieberman is one of the best examples of a candidate who reflected a variety of views and could not be pinpointed as holding only liberal or conservative views.
40 Define themselves in a way that wins majority support by appealing to the political center In order to win general elections, candidates from political parties will reflect more moderate views in order to reach most people. Therefore they will reflect both liberal and conservative views in order to best meet the needs and beliefs of more people.
42 Functions of Political Parties Political Parties have four main functions:Recruiting and nominating candidatesEducating the electorate about campaign issuesHelping candidates win electionsMonitoring actions of officeholders
43 Recruiting and Nominating Candidates Which means:Choosing the person(who) the political party wants to run for public officeMitt Romney and Paul Ryan were selected as the nominees for the Republican Party in 2012.President Barack Obama and Vice-President Joe Biden were selected as the nominees for the Democratic Party in 2012.
44 Educating the electorate about campaign issues Which means:Informing voters about candidates and their platforms
45 Helping candidates win elections Which means:Helps the candidate to succeed at winning the election by funding the campaign
46 Monitoring actions of officeholders Which means:Watch the candidates to make sure they support the platform and do not embarrass the party.
50 What is the Electoral College? The Electoral College is a group of 548 individuals called electors spread across the 50 states and DC that vote for the President and Vice-President.Each state gets a specific number of electors based on the state’s Congressional representation.In each states:# of Representatives + # of Senators = # of ElectorsExample: Virginia11 Representatives + 2 Senators = 13 Electors
51 Winner-Takes-All System: What are the effects of using the Electoral College process to select the President and Vice-President? Winner-Takes-All System:The winner of the popular vote in a state takes all of the electors for that state.The system favors: targeting of large states for campaigning, although candidates must pay attention to small states whose electoral votes may make the difference in tight elections.
53 What are the effects of using the Electoral College process to select the President and Vice-President?The requirements for a majority vote to win in the Electoral College favors a two-party system.
55 What does Campaign finance mean? Campaign Finance means the money you spend when you are running against another person in an election
56 How much does it cost to campaign and get elected to public office? Candidates spend money during the campaigns on:Mass media to reach votersTravelThe cost to campaign is high because:Travel across the entire countryCost of TV time is high
57 How has the high cost of getting elected changed campaigning for public office?
58 Require candidates to conduct extensive fundraising Candidates spend a lot of time trying to raise money
59 Limit opportunities to run for public office Less people can run for a job in the government
60 Give an advantage to wealthy who run for office It’s easier for people with more money to win
61 Give issue-oriented special interest groups increased influence Interest groups have more power because they have money to donate
62 Encourage the development of political action committees (PACs) Because PAC’s raise money (they PAC in the cash), all candidates want to start one