2 Political PartyA group of voters with common interests who want to influence government by campaigning and electing their party’s candidates to office.
3 Two-Party System The traditional format of U.S.’s electoral process. Democrats/Republicans….their views differTwo parties are competing for power.
4 Third Party Minor parties resulting from ideas on specific issues May include ethnicity, economic, regional topicsIt challenges the two major parties.
5 PlatformA series of statements expressing the party’s principles, beliefs, and positions on election issues
6 PlankEach individual part of the party’s platform.
7 Democrat vs. Republican Similarities between parties:Differences between parties:Organize to win electionsInfluence public policiesReflect both liberal and conservative viewsDefine themselves in a way that wins majority support by appealing to the political center.Stated in a party’s platform and reflected in campaigning.
8 Third Party Differences Progressive “Bull Moose” PartyIntroduce new ideas or press for a particular issueOften revolve around political personality… for example Teddy Roosevelt.They can change the outcome of an election of drawing votes away from one of the main parties.Example: Progressive “Bull Moose” Party split the Republican Vote allowing Woodrow Wilson the Democrat to win
9 National Party Impact National Committee Responsibilities Representatives from the 50 state party organizations who run a political party,Raises funds for presidential electionsOrganizes the party’s national conventionCreate informational websites about candidatesFun-raising for campaigningCreate advertisements for radio and TVNational Party ChairpersonIndividual elected by the national committee who manages the daily operations of the national party.
10 What happens at the National Convention? Delegates write the party’s platform.Delegates nominate the party’s presidential candidate.Speeches and demonstrations to support the candidate.
11 Roles and Functions of Political Parties Roles of Political PartiesFunction of Political PartyNominate candidatesCampaignInform citizensLinking levels of governmentActing as a watchdogRecruit and nominate candidatesEducate the electorate about campaign issuesHelp candidates win electionsMonitoring actions of officeholders.
12 State and Local Committees State CommitteesLocal CommitteesElecting party candidates to state officesElect their party’s candidates for national officesThese are town, city and county committeesCommittees include people elected by their fellow party members
13 Political MachineStrong party organization that can control political appointments and deliver votes
14 Media’s RoleStrategies for evaluating campaign speeches, literature, and advertisements for accuracy.Strategies are: separating fact from opinion, detecting bias, evaluating sources, identifying propaganda
15 Separating Fact From Opinion Detecting Bias Facts can be proven by checking them against other resourcesOpinions usually cannot be provenOpinions are more reliable when the writer gives facts to support themDetecting BiasBias is often attached to issues that have an impact on people’s emotionsDecide whether the piece of info presents only one side of an issue, while suggesting it covers all sides.Determine if the info is supported by opinions or factsLook for hidden assumptions generalizations not supported by facts.
16 Identifying propaganda Evaluating sourcesAsk yourself a few questionsWho’s the author? Credentials?Is it current information?What kind of media is it found?What’s the purpose of the article/info?Is the info facts or opinions? What evidence is there to support it?Are there pictures, graphs, tables to support info?Identifying propagandaEndorsementGlittering generalityBandwagonName callingJust plain folksStacked cardsSymbols
17 Mass Media’s role in Elections Identifying candidatesEmphasizing selected issuesWriting editorials, creating political cartoons, publishing opinionated pieces.Broadcasting different points of view
18 Political Cartoons Who are the main characters in the cartoon? What do they represent?Describe the action in the cartoon.What’s the purpose of the cartoon?