Presentation on theme: "American Activism Abroad"— Presentation transcript:
1 American Activism Abroad American ImperialismAmerican Activism Abroad
2 Frederick Jackson Turner: The Significance of the Frontier in American History, 1893 America’s unique development rooted in the frontier pastVast expanse of “free” landReaching Pacific meant looking overseas for “frontier”Attacked immigration from S. & E. Europe
3 Alfred Thayer Mahan: The Influence of Seapower upon History Seapower essential to national greatnessBritain a prime exampleMcKinley & RooseveltExpand overseas – bases for navy – protect Commerce
4 Acquisition of HawaiiHawaiian League – 400 members, mostly American businessmenBayonet Constitution 1886 – curtailed monarch’s power1893 Bloodless coup – Queen steps down (American Troops)1898 U.S. annexedSanford DoleQueen Lili’uokalani
8 The Splendid Little War: 1898 The Splendid Little War: 1898Spanish-American Cuban War over in 4 monthsYellow journalism – “You furnish the pictures, I’ll furnish the war.” HearstU.S.S. MaineRough Riders
11 PhilippinesThe United States, by title of purchase in the 1898 Treaty of Paris, bought the Philippines from Spain, for US$20,000,000.It also bought itself a war, in the name of Benevolent Assimilation.The war lasted three years, and cost the Americans 10,000 casualties and US $600 million. Some 16,000 soldiers were killed in battle. About 200,000 Filipino civilians succumbed to pestilence, disease, and crossfire during the war.
12 Benevolent Assimilation: William McKinley substituting the mild sway of justice and right for arbitrary rule. In the fulfillment of this high mission, supporting the temperate administration of affairs for the greatest good of the governed, there must be sedulously maintained the strong arm of authority, to repress disturbance and to overcome all obstacles to the bestowal of the blessings of good and stable government upon the people of the Philippine Islands under the free flag of the United States.
20 Acquiring the rightsRoosevelt & Panamanian business interests conspireColombians bribed to lay down weapons1903 Panamanian revoltU.S. cruiser right off shoreHay-Buneau-Varilla treaty 10 million to Panamanians – 10 mile swath renewable 99 year leaseFrench precede Americans – lose money & livesAmericans acquire rights for 40 millionStart negotiating with ColombiaOffered 10 mil. Cash and ¼ million annuallyColombia wanted more
21 Building the Canalpreliminary construction, surveys, disease control (1/3 of the French force died of Yellow Fever)
22 Building the Canal Thousands of West Indian Laborers T.R. visits the Canal Zone