Presentation on theme: "Developing and Using Institutional Plans."— Presentation transcript:
1Developing and Using Institutional Plans. Christopher D. LambertAssociate Director of Commission RelationsACCSCT
2Why Is Institutional Assessment and Improvement Planning Important?
3Why Is Institutional Assessment and Improvement Planning Important? Is your school producing a skilled workforce that is meeting employer needs?Does the rate of student retention and graduate employment in your program offerings meet or exceed that of similar schools throughout the country?Is your staff conducting the most efficient and effective activities to support the educational process?Can you prove it?
4Why Institutional Enhancement is Important An National Perspective Two Key Questions are being considered by the higher education community:What is the role of higher education in the United States?How is this role changing?
5As higher education evolves in unexpected ways, this new landscape demands innovation and flexibility from the institutions that serve the nation’s learners.We want a world-class higher-education system that creates new knowledge, contributes to economic prosperity and global competitiveness, and empowers citizens;We want a higher-education system that gives Americans the workplace skills they need to adapt to a rapidly changing economy;We want postsecondary institutions to adapt to a world altered by technology, changing demographics and globalization, in which the higher-education landscape includes new providers and new paradigms, from for-profit universities to distance learning.We recommend that America’s colleges and universities embrace a culture of continuous innovation and quality improvement.A National Dialogue: The Secretary of Education's Commission on the Future of Higher Education
6As higher education continues to expand and diversify in the United States, it has become apparent that now, more than ever, postsecondary school leaders need better tools to achieve their strategic goals and to ensure institutional and student success. This is the role of institutional assessment and improvement planning.
7Accreditation and the EAB Shared Goals for Institutional Enhancement
8Shared Goals for Institutional Enhancement AccreditationAccreditation stimulates and assists schools and colleges in keeping abreast of employment trends, technological advances and educational innovations.Accredited schools strive toward assuring responsiveness, continued growth, competitiveness, and the ability to give career school students an edge in the labor market.Accreditation evaluates the effectiveness of accredited institutions through the assessment of both quantitative and qualitative student achievement, and within the context of an institution’s stated mission and educational objectives.
9Shared Goals for Institutional Enhancement EABEAB modernization is the process of changing the agency’s regulatory model from one that is solely based on compliance to one that is also based on institutional effectiveness.This new regulatory model will promote quality, organizational accountability, and continuous improvement for schools, as well as the EAB.The EAB believes schools must develop an internal capacity for making decisions based on data, for satisfying students, and for continuous improvement.
12Inverted Bell Curve of Compliance 5 Year Grant of Accreditation5 Year Grant of Accreditation3 Year Grant of AccreditationNew ProgramsNew HiresNew Marketing CampaignFacility ExpansionRamping up for RenewalRenewal ProcessNew Starts; New ProgramsRamping up for RenewalNew Faculty; New Students;New Building
13Impact and Intent of Accreditation 5 Year Grant of AccreditationRenewal Application Process3Year Grant of AccreditationRamping up for RenewalWorkshopNew Faculty; New Students;New BuildingApplication ProcessNew Starts; New ProgramsGraduate from the Longest Program OfferedBegin OperationState License
14Commission Actions November 2005 – November 2006 ACCSCT Accredited Institutions Seeking Renewal of Accreditation (275)
15Accreditation Expectations for Institutional Enhancement & Effectiveness
16Institutional Enhancement and Assessment Accreditation Expectations Institutional assessment and improvement activities should be appropriate to the size and scale of the school’s operations and support the management and administration of the school as well as the quality of education provided.The accreditation expectations for a small, diploma/certificate granting institution are different that a large, degree granting institution.
17Institutional Enhancement and Assessment Accreditation Expectations Institutional assessment should validate and document the school’s educational and administrative practices to improve student learning and achievement.Improvement activities are expected to be significant and on-going experiences in the school.Not simply once every renewal cycle as part of the accreditation / licensure process.
18Accreditation Expectations The institutional assessment and improvement activities must include a written and comprehensive plan that examines school operations and sets forth specific short- and long-range (i.e., minimally three years) goals for improvement with measurable benchmarks and timelines for implementation.The institutional assessment and improvement plan must address the entire school in such areas asmanagement;fiscal condition and budget;administrative policies and practices;student support services;faculty and staff development;educational program curricula;learning resources system, equipment, and supporting materials;facilities; andstudent achievement outcomes.
19Institutional assessment and improvement activities should support and enhance the quality of the education provided using information obtainedinternally (e.g., staff and faculty development and planning, and student input and feedback) andexternally (e.g., Program Advisory Committees, employers, community involvement, school graduates, etc.)These activities should strive to validate the school’s educational and administrative practices and to document and improve student learning and achievement.Institutional assessment and improvement activities are expected to be significant and ongoing experiences in the school.
21Student Success is Dependent upon Quality of Teaching and On-going Faculty Development Faculty Development PlansNot only as a requirement for accreditation/licensure, but to provide an assurance that your faculty remain abreast to currently occupational trends, techniques, and practices.Expectation: Must be a systematic plan for all faculty members; but can be customized to meet the individual needs of faculty.
22Student Success is Dependent upon Quality of Teaching and On-going Faculty Development Continuing Education and TrainingTeaching is both an art and a science. Do you have a dedicated budget to support teacher training activities?Without appropriate funds to support, a faculty training plan will face hurdles when it is time to implement.Does your school embrace a culture of continuous improvement and have explicit expectations that your faculty and staff engage in professional development activities?
23Student Success is Dependent upon Quality of Teaching and On-going Faculty Development Faculty RetentionMore than any other area, students complain more about the quality of faculty and lament the rapid turn-over of faculty.Faculty have the greatest impact on a student’s motivation, desire, and ability to successfully fulfill the rigors of a program.
24Institutional Success is Dependent upon the Quality of Educational Administration LeadershipLeadership in any organizational setting is seen as an important component to achieving the mission of that organization because it facilitates the establishment of a shared vision, guided direction, and a culture of value. Educational institutions are no different in this regard. (McComis, 2007).Studies have shown that leadership has a significant relationship to student achievement in educational institutions. (McREL, 2004).Is there a difference between management and leadership?Leadership is about building relationships, internally and externally.Leadership is not about power or turf.
25Professional Development of Management Team Institutional Success is Dependent upon the Quality of Educational AdministrationProfessional Development of Management TeamAre you growing your “bench”?Often, the future leaders of a school come from within. How are you fostering these professional growth opportunities for your current staff?The higher education landscape is getting more complex, and more competitive. Changing student demographics and new developments in technology are having a tremendous impact on higher education. How can you ensure that your management team is keeping pace with these changes?School should strive to hire and retain those individuals with established and proven track records of positive and effective leadership.
26Institutional Success is Dependent upon the Quality of Educational Administration Succession PlanningWhat would you do if your Director of Education left tomorrow?Do you have a contingency plan for when faculty are terminated?Do you find yourself in a position to make a bad hiring decision, putting an unqualified person in a classroom out of necessity (there are students in a teacher-less classroom)?
27Institutional Success is Dependent upon the Quality of Educational Administration Strategic PlanningThe classic interview question: “Where do you see your school in 5 years?”Are you a different school than your were 5 years ago?Do you offer different programs?Do you enroll more students?Employ more faculty?If this same question was asked to key members of your management team, would they offer a similar answer?Do you have an established mission and vision?Is your plan realistic?What is your vision for your school?Do you have the plan, the resources, the budget and the patience to get there?
28Institutional Success is Dependent upon the Quality of Educational Administration Strategic PlanningTwo major focuses of accreditation are administrative capacity and the ability to manage growth.Studies have shown that institutions within their first term of accreditation evolve and experience significant growth.This growth, if not properly planned for, may result in areas of substantial non-compliance with accrediting standards.Examples Include:Addition of Longer New ProgramsAddition of Unrelated New ProgramsAddition of Separate FacilitiesSignificant Increases in Student EnrollmentParticipation in Federal Student Aid Programs (e.g., heavy regulatory burden)
29Student Success = Institutional Success The Success of an Institution is often measured by the Success of its StudentsStudent Success = Institutional SuccessA sentiment shared by the EAB, which believes that the best way to protect students is to enhance the schools and their programs by holding schools accountable for outcomes data.Studies have shown that a significant positive relationship does exist between the rate of student program completion and the rate of graduate employment (McComis, 2006)Accountability in higher education, particularly for the career college sector, is of paramount importance.
31Institutional Assessment and Improvement Plans A Framework for Success All educational factors are evaluated within the context of an institution’s stated mission, vision, and core values.Involve the entire school in this process:AdministrationFacultyStudents / GraduatesEmployersMembers of the Community
32Staff and faculty development and planning Student input and feedback Institutional assessment and improvement activities should support and enhance the quality of the education provided using information obtained:InternallyStaff and faculty development and planningStudent input and feedbackExternallyProgram Advisory CommitteesEmployersCommunity involvementGraduatesMore than simply fulfilling a regulatory / accreditation requirement
33Institutional Enhancement Evaluate Institutional EffectivenessEvaluate the infrastructure that supports the delivery of programs as well as educational outcomes including student achievement.Infrastructure refers to those factors contributing to the students’ educational experience at the institution.Faculty,Admissions practices,Facilities and Equipment,Learning Resource Systems (library)Financial and Administrative capability, andStudent Services including Advising and Job Placement.
34Write a Mission Statement Institutional assessment cannot take place unless the school’s purpose is well understood.Each school must have a meaningful mission statement that provides the foundation for every program implemented at the school, and essentially everything that happens at the school.
35Show your commitment to the process through your involvement A leader who says “this is important” then walks away and waits for the results will not get the same level of commitment from staff as the leader who remains visible throughout the process.Communicate regularly with those staff and faculty involved with these school-wide efforts in order to build trust and secure commitment to the process.
36Appoint a key staff member to coordinate the effort Having a single point of coordination for your school-wide efforts focuses the responsibility to encourage critical personnel to complete their tasks.The coordinator can also monitor the quality of the process.The coordinator does not have to hold a particular title or position; however, the person selected must have enough time to focus on the assessment and planning efforts and have enough influence with others to get the job done.
37Create a team or task force to carry out the mission. Create a team or task force to work with the coordinator you have appointed.The role of this team is to support the assessment and improvement efforts that have implications across the school.These team members can help to educate and assist the other parts of the organization on the process.
38Develop IncentivesTo reduce resistance to change and to encourage participation in the process, you may have to create incentives for your staff.For school-wide efforts, those incentives may be faculty course releases, individual and departmental rewards, or preferential treatment, such as placing a participating department first in line for new equipment.Another incentive might be to publicize the efforts of participating programs, departments, and individuals.Recognition and reward go a long way toward gaining support.
39Establish a Timeline for Implementing the Activities The timeline should be long enough to implement action items and for results to take effect. The team should be mindful of the next time for regularly scheduled evaluation, if it can, and determine whether the problem can be corrected before the next review.Depending on the nature and scope of the plan, the team might schedule an evaluation soon after implementation or the project may require a waiting period.
40Plan to Educate Stakeholders Participants and stakeholders may be involved in the process without understanding what it means, why it is important, and how they should prioritize the tasks involved.Use the team or appoint staff members to help key personnel understanding the process and its importance.
41Communicate the Benefits of Change Those affected should know and understand why a new action plan is put into place.If you show them what they will gain, they are more likely to adopt the plan and conduct the activity.
42Disseminating the Results to All Stakeholders Disseminating the results of the assessment and improvement efforts enables interested parties to participate in the discussion on how to improve.Openness leads to a climate of trust and belief in improvement efforts.Accessible information tells your staff the agenda for assessment: figure out what you are doing wrong, what you are doing right, and what you can do to improve.Let your stakeholders know that you will do this on a regular basis.
43Take Action Based on Results If publishing results sends a positive message to stakeholders, then acting on the results proves your commitment and keeps the cycle going.Commit to this up front and follow through by helping programs and departments make improvements. Make sure you dedicate time, effort, and resources to support these endeavors.
44Report on your Progress Those conducting improvement activities would benefit from creating progress reports.This would let the assessment team and the school leadership know that they are serious about continuous improvement and working on meeting goals.It would also create an opportunity to address any issues, for example, needing an additional resource.
45Other Keys to Institutional Effectiveness Make a commitment to leadership trainingUse realistic evaluation strategiesEngage in institutional enhancement activities on an ongoing basis, and not simply as a regulatory requirementBudget appropriatelyUse Internal Assessment and Accreditation as Tools for Measuring Success
46Keys to Institutional Effectiveness DocumentationDocumentation is critical to the accreditation process as it provides an opportunity for a school to demonstrate the systematic implementation of the school’s policies, processes, and procedures.
47Developing and Using Institutional Plans. Christopher D. LambertAssociate Director of Commission RelationsACCSCT