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Latin America and the Caribbean Countries of Mexico and Central America Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama.

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Presentation on theme: "Latin America and the Caribbean Countries of Mexico and Central America Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Latin America and the Caribbean

3 Countries of Mexico and Central America Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama

4 Countries of South America Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay

5 Countries of the Caribbean Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Puerto Rico (US) Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Puerto Rico (US)

6 Physical Features Major Mountain ranges Major Mountain ranges Andes Mountains Andes Mountains Sierra Madre Mountains-- Oriental and Occidental Sierra Madre Mountains-- Oriental and Occidental Rainforests Rainforests Coastal Desert--Atacama Desert Coastal Desert--Atacama Desert Amazon River Basin Amazon River Basin

7 Tropical Grasslands--Pampas, Llanos Tropical Grasslands--Pampas, Llanos Archipelagoes groups of related islands Archipelagoes groups of related islands Reversed seasons south of the Equator Reversed seasons south of the Equator Volcanoes and Earthquakes Volcanoes and Earthquakes

8 Vertical Zonation of Climates in Mexico Vertical Zonation of Climates in Mexico Tierra Templada-temperate Tierra Templada-temperate Tierra Fria-cold Tierra Fria-cold Tierra Caliente-hot Tierra Caliente-hot

9 Economic Characteristics diverse economies diverse economies subsistence farming subsistence farming plantation agriculture plantation agriculture slash and burn agriculture slash and burn agriculture cash crops and food crops cash crops and food crops haciendas haciendas cattle ranches and gauchos cattle ranches and gauchos

10 deforestation deforestation destruction of the rainforests destruction of the rainforests oil resources--Ecuador, Venezuela, Mexico oil resources--Ecuador, Venezuela, Mexico Heavy smog and pollution-- Mexico City Heavy smog and pollution-- Mexico City

11 disparity of income distribution disparity of income distribution NAFTA member NAFTA member diverse mineral resources diverse mineral resources copper in Chile copper in Chile iron ore in Venezuela and Brazil iron ore in Venezuela and Brazil

12 Cultural Characteristics Indian civilizations--Aztec, Inca Indian civilizations--Aztec, Inca African traditions--slaves African traditions--slaves influences of European colonization--Spanish influences of European colonization--Spanish predominance of the Roman Catholic religion predominance of the Roman Catholic religion rigid social structureno movement rigid social structureno movement

13 Mestizos-European and Native Mestizos-European and Native location of settlements--coastal in South America location of settlements--coastal in South America Megacities with large squatter settlements Megacities with large squatter settlements rapid population growth rapid population growth out-migration out-migration

14 Cultural heritage music--African influences, calypso, steel drum bands, reggae music--African influences, calypso, steel drum bands, reggae traditional dances traditional dances Spanish and Portuguese languages Spanish and Portuguese languages

15 Cultural landscape pyramids and cathedrals pyramids and cathedrals haciendas and ejidos (communal land) haciendas and ejidos (communal land) ruins at Machu Picchu ruins at Machu Picchu ruins at Tikal ruins at Tikal

16 Latin America From Mexico to Chile and Argentina

17 Mountain Ranges Andes Andes 2 nd highest range in the world. 2 nd highest range in the world. Run from Chile to Panama Run from Chile to Panama Sierra Madres Sierra Madres In Mexico 3 different areas ORIENTAL OCCIDENTAL DEL SUR

18 Latin America in Pictures

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21 Squatter City in Brazil

22 Native American heritage

23 Mayan

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26 Inca

27 Inca Chieftain

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29 Steel Drums

30 Steel Drum Band

31 Cathedral in Mexico

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33 Macchu Picchu in Peru

34 Macchu Picchu is an ancient city that the Inca claimed was the center of the earth.

35 Tikal in Guatemala

36 ancient Mayan city ancient Mayan city ceremonial and civic center ceremonial and civic center Tikal is the "New York City" of the Maya, its skyscraper-like pyramids soaring up out of the jungle canopy. Tikal is the "New York City" of the Maya, its skyscraper-like pyramids soaring up out of the jungle canopy.

37 Gauchos in Argentina

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40 ANDES

41 Peaks in the ANDES

42 Looking up

43 Inca city of Machu Pichu

44 Sierra Madres

45 Sierra rocky cliffs

46 Green slopes

47 Looking across the range

48 Amazon River Basin Over 1000 tributaries feed the Amazon River. Over 1000 tributaries feed the Amazon River. Drains an area almost the size of the USA. Drains an area almost the size of the USA. Amazon 2 nd largest river in the world. Amazon 2 nd largest river in the world. Drains 60 times more water then the Nile. Drains 60 times more water then the Nile.

49 Amazon River Basin (dark green)

50 Amazon flowing through the rainforest.

51 Grasslands Pampas Pampas In Argentina In Argentina Used for grazing and farming Used for grazing and farming Llanos Llanos In Venezuela Used for grazing and farming

52 Cattle on the Pampas

53 Shade trees on the llanos

54 A small pond on the llanos

55 Rainforests Rainforests cover much of Latin America. Rainforests cover much of Latin America. Rain forests are near the equator. Rain forests are near the equator. Amazon rainforest covers almost 2 million acres. Amazon rainforest covers almost 2 million acres.

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57 Water fall in the forest

58 Deserts Atacama Desert Atacama Desert Driest desert in the World. Driest desert in the World. Sheltered from the rainforest by the Andes Sheltered from the rainforest by the Andes

59 Atacama

60 Archipelagoes (groups of islands) Bahamas Bahamas Hundreds of islands off the tip of Florida and to the North of Cuba Hundreds of islands off the tip of Florida and to the North of Cuba Greater Antilles Greater Antilles Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola

61 Lesser Antilles Lesser Antilles Smaller islands to the South of Puerto Rico Smaller islands to the South of Puerto Rico

62 Bahamas

63 Bahamas from space

64 The Beach

65 Warm Blue Water

66 FIN

67 Latin America--Test Review What is the main language of Latin America? What is the main language of Latin America? Spanish Spanish What is the main religion of Latin America? What is the main religion of Latin America? Roman Catholic Roman Catholic

68 Name the major mountain ranges of Mexico? Name the major mountain ranges of Mexico? Sierra Madre Oriental and Sierra Madre Occidental Sierra Madre Oriental and Sierra Madre Occidental What is the most important and populous region of Mexico? What is the most important and populous region of Mexico? Central Plateau Central Plateau

69 What do Tierra Fria, Tierra Templada, and Tierra Caliente have in common? What do Tierra Fria, Tierra Templada, and Tierra Caliente have in common? All are climate zones from the Latin American mountain regions All are climate zones from the Latin American mountain regions Ancient Mayan ruins can be found in which region of Mexico? Ancient Mayan ruins can be found in which region of Mexico? Yucatan Peninsula Yucatan Peninsula

70 Which native civilization was conquered by Cortez and the Spanish in Mexico? Which native civilization was conquered by Cortez and the Spanish in Mexico? the Aztecs the Aztecs What three cultures make-up Mexico? What three cultures make-up Mexico? Ancient Indian, colonial Spanish and modern Mexican Ancient Indian, colonial Spanish and modern Mexican

71 What is an EJIDOS? What is an EJIDOS? Farmland owned collectively by members of a rural community Farmland owned collectively by members of a rural community What is a HACIENDA? What is a HACIENDA? Large Spanish-owned estates of land, usually run as a farm or cattle ranch Large Spanish-owned estates of land, usually run as a farm or cattle ranch

72 Who provided the labor on the Haciendas? Who provided the labor on the Haciendas? Indians Indians What is a mestizo? What is a mestizo? Person of mixed Spanish and native Indian ancestory Person of mixed Spanish and native Indian ancestory What economic alliance is Mexico a member of? What economic alliance is Mexico a member of? NAFTA NAFTA

73 What is an isthmus? What is an isthmus? A narrow strip of land with water on both sides A narrow strip of land with water on both sides What is the main economic activity of Central America? What is the main economic activity of Central America? Agricultural Agricultural

74 What does an unequal distribution of wealth mean? What does an unequal distribution of wealth mean? Most money/resources controlled by a few Most money/resources controlled by a few

75 What do Cuba, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic) make up? What do Cuba, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic) make up? Greater Antilles Greater Antilles What group was originally brought to the Caribbean to work on the sugar plantations? What group was originally brought to the Caribbean to work on the sugar plantations? Africans Africans

76 What is an archipelago? What is an archipelago? Island group or island chain Island group or island chain What is subsistence farming? What is subsistence farming? Growing only enough for your use Growing only enough for your use What are the tropical grasslands of South America called? What are the tropical grasslands of South America called? Llanos and pampas Llanos and pampas

77 What is the predominant climate in Latin America? What is the predominant climate in Latin America? Tropical climates Tropical climates Does Latin America have volcanoes and earthquakes? Does Latin America have volcanoes and earthquakes? YES YES What do Ecuador, Venezuela and Mexico have in common? What do Ecuador, Venezuela and Mexico have in common? oil oil

78 What is the main problem in Mexico City? What is the main problem in Mexico City? Smog and pollution Smog and pollution What mineral resources does Chile have? What mineral resources does Chile have? Copper Copper

79 What was the ancient South American native culture conquered by Spain? What was the ancient South American native culture conquered by Spain? Incas Incas

80 Describe Latin Americas social structure. Describe Latin Americas social structure. Rigid Rigid What 3 things do most Latin American cities have in common? What 3 things do most Latin American cities have in common? Coastal, megacities, squatter settlements Coastal, megacities, squatter settlements

81 What is Macchu Picchu? What is Macchu Picchu? Ancient Incan ruins Ancient Incan ruins What is the name of the ancient Mayan ruins in Guatemala? What is the name of the ancient Mayan ruins in Guatemala? Tikal Tikal

82 Name the major mountain range of South America? Name the major mountain range of South America? Andes Andes When it is summer in the US, what season is it in Argentina? When it is summer in the US, what season is it in Argentina? winter winter

83 What is the largest economic activity in Argentinas patagonia region? What is the largest economic activity in Argentinas patagonia region? Cattle ranching Cattle ranching What are Argentinas cattle ranchers called? What are Argentinas cattle ranchers called? gauchos gauchos


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