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Ch 8 PP 1 The Physical Geography of Latin America Unit 3 - Chapter 8.

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Presentation on theme: "Ch 8 PP 1 The Physical Geography of Latin America Unit 3 - Chapter 8."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ch 8 PP 1 The Physical Geography of Latin America Unit 3 - Chapter 8

2 Ch 8 PP 2 I. Section I The Land

3 Ch 8 PP3 A. A Vast Region ► Located in the Western Hemisphere ► Land area – 8 million sq. miles ► Latin America made up of 3 parts  Middle America ► Central America & Mexico  Caribbean (aka. the West Indies) ► Bahamas, Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles  South America ► Only 2 landlocked countries  Paraguay & Bolivia

4 Ch 8 PP4 B. Mountains & Plateaus ► Mountains of Mexico, Central America, & Caribbean  Sierra Madre Oriental (Eastern), Occidental (Western), & del Sur (of the south) ► These mountains surround the densely populated Mexican Plateau  Central Highlands

5 Ch 8 PP5 Mountains & Plateaus (Cont.) ► Andes Mtns. Of South America  World’s longest mountain range!!!  Also cordilleras  Altiplano – means high plain – Peru & Bolivia  Patagoniaplateau in Argentina  Patagonia – plateau in Argentina ► Highlands of Brazil  Mato Grosso Plateau  Brazilian Highlands ► Escarpments – steep cliff or slope

6 Ch 8 PP6 C. Lowlands & Plains ► Grasslands  Llanos – Colombia & Venezuela ► Employ llaneros  Pampas – Argentina & Uruguay ► Employ gaunchos

7 Ch 8 PP7 D. Water Systems ► Rivers  Rio Grande – river that forms the border between Mexico & U.S  Amazon River – largest river in the world!!!  Rivers provide power – hydroelectric power

8 Ch 8 PP8 Water Systems (Cont.) ► Lakes  Lake Titicaca – highest navigable lake – Andes  Lake Maracaibo – S. America’s largest lake – Venezuela ► Waterfall  Angel Falls – highest waterfall in the world - Venezuela

9 Ch 8 PP9 E. Natural Resources ► Oil & natural gas ► Gold – Venezuela & Brazil ► Silver – Peru & Mexico ► Emeralds - Colombia ► Copper - Chile ► Bauxite – Jamaica ► Tin – Bolivia & Brazil

10 Ch 8 PP 10 II. Section II Climate & Vegetation

11 Ch 8 PP11 A. Climate & Vegetation Regions ► Tropical Regions  Rain Forest ► Amazon Basin  What forest is located here? ► Canopy – continuous layer of leaves  Tropical Savanna

12 Ch 8 PP12 Climate & Vegetation Regions (Cont.) ► Desert & Steppe Areas  Atacama Desert – Chile – one of the driest places on earth!

13 Ch 8 PP13 B. Elevation & Climate ► Tierra Caliente – hot land ► Tierra Templada – temperate land ► Tierra Fria – cold land


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