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Latin America and the Caribbean Countries of Mexico and Central America  Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama.

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Presentation on theme: "Latin America and the Caribbean Countries of Mexico and Central America  Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama."— Presentation transcript:


2 Latin America and the Caribbean

3 Countries of Mexico and Central America  Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama

4 Countries of South America  Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay

5 Countries of the Caribbean  Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Puerto Rico (US)

6 Physical Features  Major Mountain ranges  Andes Mountains  Sierra Madre Mountains-- Oriental and Occidental  Rainforests  Coastal Desert--Atacama Desert  Amazon River Basin

7  Tropical Grasslands--Pampas, Llanos  Archipelagoes groups of related islands  Reversed seasons south of the Equator  Volcanoes and Earthquakes

8  Vertical Zonation of Climates in Mexico  Tierra Templada-temperate  Tierra Fria-cold  Tierra Caliente-hot

9 Economic Characteristics  diverse economies  subsistence farming  plantation agriculture  slash and burn agriculture  cash crops and food crops  haciendas  cattle ranches and gauchos

10  deforestation  destruction of the rainforests  oil resources--Ecuador, Venezuela, Mexico  Heavy smog and pollution-- Mexico City

11  disparity of income distribution  NAFTA member  diverse mineral resources  copper in Chile  iron ore in Venezuela and Brazil

12 Cultural Characteristics  Indian civilizations--Aztec, Inca  African traditions--slaves  influences of European colonization--Spanish  predominance of the Roman Catholic religion  rigid social structure—no movement

13  Mestizos-European and Native  location of settlements--coastal in South America  Megacities with large squatter settlements  rapid population growth  out-migration

14 Cultural heritage  music--African influences, calypso, steel drum bands, reggae  traditional dances  Spanish and Portuguese languages

15 Cultural landscape  pyramids and cathedrals  haciendas and ejidos (communal land)  ruins at Machu Picchu  ruins at Tikal

16 Latin America From Mexico to Chile and Argentina

17 Mountain Ranges  Andes  2 nd highest range in the world.  Run from Chile to Panama  Sierra Madres  In Mexico  3 different areas  ORIENTAL  OCCIDENTAL  DEL SUR

18 Latin America in Pictures



21 Squatter City in Brazil

22 Native American heritage

23 Mayan



26 Inca

27 Inca Chieftain


29 Steel Drums

30 Steel Drum Band

31 Cathedral in Mexico


33 Macchu Picchu in Peru

34 Macchu Picchu is an ancient city that the Inca claimed was the center of the earth.

35 Tikal in Guatemala

36  ancient Mayan city  ceremonial and civic center  Tikal is the "New York City" of the Maya, its skyscraper-like pyramids soaring up out of the jungle canopy.

37 Gauchos in Argentina




41 Peaks in the ANDES

42 Looking up

43 Inca city of Machu Pichu

44 Sierra Madres

45 Sierra rocky cliffs

46 Green slopes

47 Looking across the range

48 Amazon River Basin  Over 1000 tributaries feed the Amazon River.  Drains an area almost the size of the USA.  Amazon 2 nd largest river in the world.  Drains 60 times more water then the Nile.

49 Amazon River Basin (dark green)

50 Amazon flowing through the rainforest.

51 Grasslands  Pampas  In Argentina  Used for grazing and farming  Llanos  In Venezuela  Used for grazing and farming

52 Cattle on the Pampas

53 Shade trees on the llanos

54 A small pond on the llanos

55 Rainforests  Rainforests cover much of Latin America.  Rain forests are near the equator.  Amazon rainforest covers almost 2 million acres.


57 Water fall in the forest

58 Deserts  Atacama Desert  Driest desert in the World.  Sheltered from the rainforest by the Andes

59 Atacama

60 Archipelagoes (groups of islands)  Bahamas  Hundreds of islands off the tip of Florida and to the North of Cuba  Greater Antilles  Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola

61  Lesser Antilles  Smaller islands to the South of Puerto Rico

62 Bahamas

63 Bahamas from space

64 The Beach

65 Warm Blue Water

66 FIN

67 Latin America--Test Review  What is the main language of Latin America?  Spanish  What is the main religion of Latin America?  Roman Catholic

68  Name the major mountain ranges of Mexico?  Sierra Madre Oriental and Sierra Madre Occidental  What is the most important and populous region of Mexico?  Central Plateau

69  What do Tierra Fria, Tierra Templada, and Tierra Caliente have in common?  All are climate zones from the Latin American mountain regions  Ancient Mayan ruins can be found in which region of Mexico?  Yucatan Peninsula

70  Which native civilization was conquered by Cortez and the Spanish in Mexico?  the Aztecs  What three cultures make-up Mexico?  Ancient Indian, colonial Spanish and modern Mexican

71  What is an EJIDOS?  Farmland owned collectively by members of a rural community  What is a HACIENDA?  Large Spanish-owned estates of land, usually run as a farm or cattle ranch

72  Who provided the labor on the Haciendas?  Indians  What is a mestizo?  Person of mixed Spanish and native Indian ancestory  What economic alliance is Mexico a member of?  NAFTA

73  What is an isthmus?  A narrow strip of land with water on both sides  What is the main economic activity of Central America?  Agricultural

74  What does an unequal distribution of wealth mean?  Most money/resources controlled by a few

75  What do Cuba, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic) make up?  Greater Antilles  What group was originally brought to the Caribbean to work on the sugar plantations?  Africans

76  What is an archipelago?  Island group or island chain  What is subsistence farming?  Growing only enough for your use  What are the tropical grasslands of South America called?  Llanos and pampas

77  What is the predominant climate in Latin America?  Tropical climates  Does Latin America have volcanoes and earthquakes?  YES  What do Ecuador, Venezuela and Mexico have in common?  oil

78  What is the main problem in Mexico City?  Smog and pollution  What mineral resources does Chile have?  Copper

79  What was the ancient South American native culture conquered by Spain?  Incas

80  Describe Latin America’s social structure.  Rigid  What 3 things do most Latin American cities have in common?  Coastal, megacities, squatter settlements

81  What is Macchu Picchu?  Ancient Incan ruins  What is the name of the ancient Mayan ruins in Guatemala?  Tikal

82  Name the major mountain range of South America?  Andes  When it is summer in the US, what season is it in Argentina?  winter

83  What is the largest economic activity in Argentina’s patagonia region?  Cattle ranching  What are Argentina’s cattle ranchers called?  gauchos

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